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PUBLIC DOCUMENT .... .... No. 7 



ANNUAL REPORT 



ADJUTANT GENEKAL 



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FOB* THE 

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Year ending December 31, 1902, 







BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 

18 Post Office Square. 

1903. 






STATE UBf «H 

ST4 r . bOSTON 

JUL 10 I ,3 



APPROV'ED by 

The Static Boar^> of Pubiicatiok. 



k 
ANNUAL REPORT. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Dec. 31, 1902. 

To His Excellency Governor W. Murk ay Crane. 

Governor : — I have the honor to most respectfully sub- 
mit the annual report of this department for the year 1902. 

Militia. 

The organization of the militia remains the same as at last 
report. The duty for the year has been well performed, 
showing a larger attendance than in former years. 

The militia has made an advance during the year, and a 
few weak commands should be made to do better by their 
commanding officers, or recommended for discipline or even 
disbandment. Officers and men who are earnest in their 
work accomplish good results. A disposition to slackness 
and lack of proper supervision is noticeable in a few cases. 

For a detailed statement of duties and general condition 
of the force I refer you to the reports received from the 
Surgeon General, Inspector General and the Inspector Gen- 
eral of Rifle Practice. 

The following companies were found below the standard 
of efficiency, and were disbanded on reports of Inspector 
General and commanding officers. 

Company A, Eighth Infantry, March 12. 

Company K, Fifth Infantry, June 24. 

A new company in Boston was mustered into service 
March 12, in place of Company D, Ninth Infantry, dis- 
banded in 1901. A new company in Somerville was mus- 
tered into service March 24, to take the place of Company 
K, Eighth Regiment, disbanded in 1901. 

At present there are vacancies for companies, one each in 
the Fifth and Eighth Regiments. All petitioners for new 



4 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

companies have been inspected, and on the recommendation 
of the Inspector General two will be selected for recom- 
mendation to the Commander-in-Chief for his orders. 



Tours of Duty. 

All organizations of the militia performed the annual drill 
and camp duties required by law. 

The First Regiment of Heavy Artillery performed its camp 
duty at Forts Rodman, Adams and Greble, in connection 
with the Army and Navy manoeuvres. 

The Naval Brigade performed its duty with the fleet com- 
manded by Admiral Francis J. Higginson, in connection 
with the Army and Navy manoeuvres. 

Each command received from the Army and Navy officers 
reporting on the duty praise for intelligent performance of 
duty. 

The Second Brigade performed its camp and annual drill 
at Lakeville. While the duty was well performed, I doubt 
if anything could be done in such camps that cannot be done 
at the State camp ground. I am still a firm believer in 
regimental camps, for at least one year. I believe the force 
would benefit by it, and commanding officers would be put 
more upon their own resources. 

In addition, the following duty was performed under 
orders : — 

The Naval Brigade, First Corps of Cadets, First Bat- 
talion of Cavalry, and Battery A, were on duty at the 
reception of His Royal Highness Prince Henry of Prussia, 
March 6. 

Headquarters detail, with companies A, B, C, H and I, 
Ninth Infantry, First Corps of Cadets, headquarters detail 
and companies A, B and C, Naval Brigade, and Battery A, 
Light Artillery, performed duty at the dedication of the 
Revolutionary monument at South Boston, March 17. 

The First Battalion of Cavalry was on duty at the recep- 
tion of French guests, May 31. 

The First Battalion of Cavalry, and Battery A, Light 
Artillery, were on duty at the reception of the President of 
the United States, June 25. The First Battalion of Cavalry 
and detachment of Light Battery A were on duty at Boston on 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 5 

the occasion of the reception of the President of the United 
States, August 25 and 26. 

A headquarters detail, and companies D and I, Eighth 
Regiment, and Company E, Naval Brigade, with Troop F, 
Cavalry, were on duty at Lynn on the occasion of the recep- 
tion of the President of the United States, August 24 and 25. 

Details for funeral escorts have been made during the year 
as usual. 

Heavy Artillery. 

The First Regiment has progressed in its work of heavy 
artillery, and much progress has been made. 

An appropriation of $1,500 was made by the Legisla- 
ture to further equip this command in appliances. Of this 
amount, $984.50 has been expended. 

Active Militia. 
The force now allowed by law is 484 officers and 6,115 
enlisted men, and the force is well up to law allowance. 

Enrolled Militia. 

Returns from cities and towns show the number of en- 
rolled militia to be 473,278, an increase of 4,629 over 
previous year. 

Rifle Practice. 

Rifle practice has made good progress during the year, as 
will be seen by the report of Col. James G. White, Inspector 
General of Rifle Practice. 

The amount appropriated for this work was $18,000. Of 
this amount, $18,000 has been expended. 

The Inspector General of Rifle Practice reports a deficiency 
in regular appropriations of $1,392.24. 

An appropriation of $2,000 was made for a team to take 
part in the rifle matches at Sea Girt, N. J. Of this amount, 
$1,999.79 has been expended. 

Armories. 

The armories of the militia remain the same as at last re- 
port, with the exception of the following changes : — 

The Second Brigade headquarters have been removed to 
120 Tremont Street, 



6 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The new armory at Medford is now occupied by Company 
E, Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

The cities and towns are providing better armories, and 
more attention is given to the provisions of law. 

The city of Everett is building a new armory for the com- 
pany located in that city. 

One city and three towns, after repeated complaints of in- 
adequacy of armories, do not remedy defects, and rents have 
been reduced accordingly. 

The new armories being built in Cambridge, New Bed- 
ford and Somerville will be completed about the middle of 
the coming year, and an appropriation will be required to 
furnish heat and light for the same and for the employment 
of janitors. 

The total amount appropriated for armory rents was $37,- 
000. Of this amount, there has been expended $37,000. 

Nine armories, erected under the armory law of 1888, 
located in Boston, Springfield, Worcester, Lynn, Fitchburg, 
Fall River, Lowell and Lawrence, are in need of constant 
repairs, and the expense is increased by electric lighting and 
usual repairs. 

The total amount appropriated for care, lighting, heating, 
janitors and repairs of these armories was $25,000. Of this 
amount, there has been expended $24,989.55. 

Adjutant General's Department. 

All money accounts received, excepting those due Jan. 1, 
1903, have been certified and sent to the Auditor. 

There has been expended for pay, transportation, officers' 
and board meetings, office salaries and direct expenses of the 
militia, $205,098.96. There remains in the various appro- 
priations unexpended the sum of $7,330.20, which is not 
available to pay deficiencies. 

I regret that there is a deficiency ; it is principally in 
militia bounty, on account of the large attendance at tours 
of duty and care of armories. 

The appropriation for janitor allowance was $7,000. Of 
this amount there has been expended $6,508. 

The appropriation for allowances for repairs to uniforms 
was $9,000. Of this amount, $8,947.44 has been expended. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 7 

Estimated amount paid out for war record work, pay of 
clerks, postage and printing, is $2,700. 

The sum of $4,000 was appropriated for instruction in 
riding. Of this amount, $3,000 has been expended. 

There is standing to the credit of the Commonwealth at 
Washington, from appropriations made for equipping the 
militia, $74,541.13. A small amount of supplies has been 
drawn during the year, it being the policy to increase the 
amount as much as possible, in order to draw uniforms for 
the militia. 

There is standing to the credit of the Commonwealth at 
the Navy Department, out of appropriations for arming and 
equipping the Naval Brigade, the sum of $13,387.01, a limited 
number of supplies having been drawn during the year. 

The work of preserving war records has been continued 
under untoward circumstances, owing to sickness of em- 
ployees and other unforeseen delays. The original enlist- 
ment papers, so far as found on the files, are now being 
bound, the bills for which are yet to be rendered. In order 
to continue this necessary work in the coming year, an 
appropriation of at least $1,000 and the unexpended bal- 
ance of last year will be necessary. 

The rewriting of war and naval records has progressed 
under supervision of this department, controlled by a com- 
mission, which will make full reports of progress made. 

Quartermaster's Department. 

All troops were rationed under the supervision of the 
Commissary General, and I refer for details to his report. 

The usual repairs to buildings have been made during the 
year from an appropriation of $1,500 made for that purpose ; 
$1,499.08 has been expended, but in the coming year several 
buildings built in 1883 will have to be replaced by new, or 
extensive repairs made, for which an appropriation may be 
asked. 

The State camp grounds are in good condition. The 
annual appropriation for care of same was $1,000. Of this 
amount, $949 has been expended. 

Sales of condemned property have been made during the 
year, and the amounts turned into the treasury, making a 



8 Adjutant general's report. [Jan. 

total of $1,718.87 which was ^available. Of this amount, 
$1,201.29 has been expended. 

There was appropriated for the care of the U. S. S. "Inca" 
the sum of $1,200. Of this there has been expended 
$1,191.30. 

The bill now before the United States Senate, 'having 
passed the House, if it becomes a law, will provide new 
arms and ammunition without charge, leaving the appropria- 
tions to States available for uniforms and camp equipage. 
This will make a large saving to the Commonwealth, as the 
appropriations have been only enough heretofore to provide 
arms. The new uniform for the army has been adopted, 
and a bill of dress issued ; and as soon as shades of cloth 
and specifications are determined upon, I would advise 
drawing uniforms, which will obviate the necessity of asking 
for an appropriation for the same of the Legislature. The 
troops need and should have a full dress, and it is possible 
to provide it as above. 

By a resolve of the Legislature this office was instructed 
to arrange for the medals for the Minute-men of '61. An 
appropriation of $3,000 was made, and a portion of the medals 
have been received and are being sent to applicants. The 
appropriation made will be required to complete the work. 

I desire in this, my last report to you, to express my 
sincere thanks for your confidence and continued good advice 
and courtesy. I shall always look back to my three years' 
service with you with great pleasure. To the staff I am 
indebted for an intelligent performance of duty and many 
courtesies. To the attaches of the department I desire to 
express ray appreciation of their work. 

Respectfully sul mritted , 

SAMUEL D ALTON, 

Adjutant General. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



EEPOET OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 



Inspector General's Department, 
Boston, Dec. 12, 1902. 

Brig. Gen Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General. 

Sir: — I -have the honor to submit the annual report of this 
department for the year 1902. 

The changes in the personnel of this department have been as 
follows : Lieut. Col. J. C. R. Peabody, A. I. G., resigned Jan. 6, 
1902; Lieut. Col. Paul R. Hawkins, A. I. G., appointed Jan. 7, 
1902. 

In obedience to General Orders, No. 1, current series, the armory 
inspections were conducted between February 1 and May 1. 
Reports of the several inspecting officers have been duly rendered. 

The following assignments were made to the several organiza- 
tions : — 

Armory Inspections. 
The Inspector General to the Ninth Regiment of Infantry ; 
Lieut. Col. Edward J. Gihon, A. I. G., to the Second Brigade 
headquarters, Second and Fifth Regiments of Infantry and Second 
Corps of Cadets ; Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams, A. I. G., to the 
Sixth Regiment of Infantry and First Corps of Cadets ; Lieut. Col. 
Arthur B. Denny, A. I. G., to the Naval Brigade, Ambulance 
Corps and Signal Corps of the First and Second Brigades ; Lieut. 
Col. Geo. H. Benyon, A. I. G., to the headquarters First Brigade, 
First Regiment Heavy Artillery, First Battalion Light Artillery 
and Light Battery A; Lieut. Col. Paul R. Hawkins, A. I. G., to 
the Eighth Regiment of Infantry, First Battalion Cavalry and 
Troop F. 

Camp Inspections. 

* 

The Inspector General to the First and Second Brigade head- 
quarters, Ninth Regiment of Infantry, First Brigade Signal Corps 
and detachment of Ambulance Corps ; Lieut. Col. Edward J. 
Gihon, A. I. G., to the Second and Fifth Regiments of Infantry 
and Second Corps of Cadets ; Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams, 
A. I. G., to the Sixth Regiment of Infantry and First Corps of 



10 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Cadets; Lieut. Col. Arthur B. Denny, A. I. G., to the Naval 
Brigade ; Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Benyon, A. I. G., to the First Regi- 
ment Heavy Artillery, First Battalion Light Artillery, Light Bat- 
tery A, Troop F, Signal Corps Second Brigade ; Lieut. Col. Paul 
R. Hawkins, A. I. G., to the Eighth Regiment Infantry and First 
Battalion Cavalry. Maj. H. P. Ballard, A. I. G., of the Second 
Brigade staff, was detailed for service in this department during 
the encampment of the Second Brigade, and performed such duties 
as were assigned him in a very satisfactory manner. 

The inspecting officers were on duty 4,059 hours, and travelled 
17,016 miles; 744 letters were written and 451 received. 

It gives me a great deal of pleasure to say that the militia as a 
whole has made continued and rapid progress during the year. 
With a very few exceptions, the several organizations have attained 
a higher standard of efficiency, and a very commendable spirit of 
pride and loyalty to the force is noticeable among the officers and 
men. 

In my report last year, attention was called to the need of more 
careful supervision of the companies by their field officers. The 
poor companies are caused, as a rule, by inefficient officers or local 
conditions ; and the inspecting officer should ascertain wherein the 
trouble lies, and report same promptly to the commanding officer, 
suggesting such remedy as in his judgment will change the con- 
ditions. Such recommendations, when made, and if approved by 
the commanding officer, should be promptly carried into effect. 

The commander of every regiment and battalion owes a duty to 
both the Commonwealth and his command to promptly replace 
inefficient commissioned and non-commissioned officers, and to 
strive at all times to maintain the organization to the highest degree 
of efficiency. 

First Brigade. 

The tour of camp duty and annual drill of the First Brigade was 
performed at Framingham, June 7 to 14 inclusive. 

The camp was well laid out, plenty of room being available for 
each command; policing excellent during the entire eight days. 

The weather conditions were unsatisfactory, but, thanks to 
the excellent sanitary arrangements, but very little sickness re- 
sulted. 

The commissary department, under General Wellington, was 
successfully conducted as usual. Plenty of good, nourishing food 
was furnished, at a minimum cost, and apparently to every one's 
satisfaction. 

The attendance was very satisfactory, especially in the Second 
Infantry. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 11 

Guard duty showed a decided improvement over last year, but 
more study is desirable as to knowledge of sentinels. Ceremonies, 
as a rule, well carried out; drills faithfully performed. More 
attention should be given, however, to open order work while in 
camp, leaving the close order drill for the armory, where the 
facilities for the former are necessarily limited. Military courtesy 
very good. 

Many of the troops arrived on the grounds a number of hours 
before the official opening of the camp. I doubt the advisability 
of the companies straggling into camp after dark ; it causes much 
noise and confusion in getting settled quarters. 
• A decided improvement was noticed in the appearance of the 
enlisted men when off duty. In but a few instances were men 
noticed who did not have their blouses buttoned and clothing well 
brushed. More attention should be given by company commanders 
to the smaller details of dress. 

A number of civilians were noticed in camp after taps, contrary 
to orders. 

Attention is again called to the desirability of placing the best- 
informed and most soldierly appearing men on No. 1 post of the 
guard at all times, and the importance of officers remaining with 
their guard at all times when it is not absolutely necessary that 
they be absent. 

The review on Friday before the Commander-in-Chief merits a 
great deal of praise, all the commands passing with full ranks, and 
in most instances at the proper distance and cadence. 

On Sunday the several organizations were inspected by their 
commanders, who were accompanied by officers of this department. 
With the exception of some dirty uniforms and uncleaned rifles, 
everything was reported as satisfactory. 

Church services were held by the chaplains of the Second and 
Sixth Infantry at their respective headquarters, and were largely 
attended. 

I renew my recommendation of last year as to building a new 
stable at State headquarters. 

The average attendance of commissioned officers, enlisted men 
and band, 1845^. 

I consider this tour of duty one of the best, if not the very best, 
ever performed by this brigade. 

Second Brigade. 
The tour of camp duty and annual drill of the Second Brigade 
was held at Lakeville, Mass., July 12 to 19 inclusive, and was a 
radical departure from the brigade camp usually held at Framing- 



12 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

ham. There is a wide difference of opinion as to the value of the 
benefits derived. 

It was announced that it was to be a camp under service condi- 
tions, but Light Battery A was the only organization to strictly 
comply with those conditions. 

The camp of the Eighth Regiment was the most complete in all 
its details of any on the field. It had the best location, and plenty 
of room. Regimental and company streets were properly ditched, 
and were kept absolutely clean at all times. The stables were 
covered, giving protection to the horses. The crematory con- 
structed was a valuable addition to the camp. 

The camp of the Ninth Regiment, although limited in size, was 
the best-looking one on the field. Board floors were used, making 
it unnecessary to ditch the tents. The arrangement of the tents 
could hardly have been improved. The stables and kitchens were 
very complete. The crude arrangements for disposing of garbage 
would have proved inadequate if the tour of duty had been of 
longer duration. The drill field was entirely too small. 

The camp of the Fifth Regiment was the most undesirable, the 
land being very rough and uneven. The layout could have been 
improved. Headquarters were too far away from the regiment- 
The arrangement of battalions and placing of kitchens and tables 
caused undesirable confusion, and loss of time in forming regi- 
mental line. The company streets were not properly ditched. 
The stable, as constructed, gave too much of an opportunity for 
injury to horses. 

The cavalry had a good location and a well-laid-out camp ; 
being on the edge of the woods, the horses were enabled to be in 
the shade most of the time. 

The artillery camp was a model, the only drawback being lack 
of shade for the horses. 

The Signal and Ambulance Corps camps were well located, and, 
while not as complete as the other organizations, answered all 
purposes very well. 

Brigade headquarters, situated on the south side of a sloping 
hill, was in an ideal location. The tents were well arranged, and 
contained no surplus baggage. The horses were picketed to a 
rail, without cover. I question the advisability of exposing green 
horses, some quite valuable, to uncertain weather conditions. 

Early in the week the water supply was insufficient for the needs 
of the brigade ; but the efficient quartermaster, Captain Story, was 
equal to the emergency, and procured a supply of some 6,650 
gallons per day from the town of Middleborough, which were 
delivered to the troops by means of water wagons. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 13 

The cavalry and artillery horses were watered at the lake. 

The location at Lakeville is an excellent one for a camp. It is 
delightfully cool at all times, and the bathing facilities are unsur- 
passed, as long as the city of Taunton allows the privilege. 

The land is sandy and gravelly, and the turf is so light that the 
tent pegs do not hold properly. It allows much fine dust to arise 
when stirred up by the troops at drill, or by the prevailing high 
winds. Some complaints from inflamed throats and eyes were 
heard, and a number of the horses were coughing from the same 
cause. If the field should be used again for this purpose, quite a 
sum of money should be expended in putting it in proper con- 
dition. 

The behavior of the men when in Middleborough was satisfactory. 

It was estimated that from 12,000 to 25,000 people visited the 
camp on Sunday. The local street railway company handled about 
25,000 fares. I again express my opinion as to the undesirability 
of having such a crowd of people overrunning the camp, turning 
the Sabbath into a holiday, and disarranging the plans of the com- 
missary officers. 

The most direct benefits obtained from this tour of duty were to 
the quartermaster and the commissary officers. 

The weather was an important factor, contributing to the success 
of the camp, being practically perfect throughout the week. 

The commissary department, under General Wellington, was 
conducted in a satisfactory manner under somewhat trying con- 
ditions, what few complaints were heard being caused as a rule 
by inexperience or lack of judgment on the part of the commissary 
officers. 

Guard duty was the weakest spot, especially at brigade head- 
quarters. The plan of detailing a permanent guard did not give 
the satisfactory results expected. More attention should be given 
to guard duty throughout the brigade. 

The camp as a whole was a decided success. General Whitney 
and staff, especially the quartermaster, worked hard and conscien- 
tiously to make it so. They were not given the hearty support due 
them by some of the battalion commanders, and a tendency to 
criticise and magnify some trifling breaches of discipline and cour- 
tesy was noticeable. There is a certain lack of harmony in this 
brigade that is not desirable. 

I do not believe the practical results obtained on this tour of 
duty offsets the increased cost to the State and companies ; and I 
believe better results can be obtained by holding the brigade camp 
at Framingham, allowing one organization each year to hold regi- 
mental camp in its own county, where all the experience necessary 



14 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

can be obtained in making camp, ditching tents and living under 
service conditions. 

I present herewith a brief summary of the condition of the 
several organizations of the militia, as shown by the inspections 
by this department : — 

First Brigade Headquarters. 

Inspected April 28, 1902. The State property was found to be 
in good condition, all books and papers accurately kept in both the 
Adjutant General's and medical departments. 

Present at inspection, 9 commissioned officers, 8 non-commis- 
sioned officers, 2 commissioned officers being absent with leave. 

The commanding officer and his staff are capable and energetic, 
and are performing their duties in a very satisfactory manner. 

Second Brigade Headquarters. 

Inspected May 2, 1902. The new headquarters, at 120 Tremont 
Street, are centrally located, convenient and well furnished. 
Property was found to be in excellent condition, especially horse 
equipments. Books and papers in good condition. Inspecting 
officer made some suggestions in relation to keeping property 
books, copy and endorsement books. 

General Whitney's staff is made up of a number of young, effi- 
cient and enthusiastic officers, who are working hard to increase 
the efficiency of the brigade. 

Present at inspection, 10 commissioned officers, 7 non-commis- 
sioned officers, 2 non-commissioned officers absent with leave. 

First Heavy Artillery. 

This regiment is in a high state of efficiency. The zeal and 
enthusiasm of its commanding officer, supplemented by that of the 
other officers, together with the exceptional advantages afforded 
them the past year for practical work, have been of inestimable 
value to the members of this organization. 

The attendance of enlisted men at armory inspection was as 
follows : Battery A, 56 ; Battery B, 58 ; Battery C, 56 ; Battery 
D, 55 ; Battery E, 56 ; Battery F, 55 ; Battery G, 51 ; Battery H, 
56 ; Battery I, 51 ; Battery K, 51 ; Battery L, 48 ; Battery M, 59 ; 
average, 54^, 2 men being absent with leave, 40 without; Battery 
L being the only one to fall below 50. 

The headquarters' inspection found everything in excellent con- 
dition, books and papers, alarm list and commissary department 
being worthy of special commendation. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 15 

In the batteries, state property was found in very good condi- 
tion, excepting batteries I, L and A. 

Drills very satisfactory, excepting batteries I and L. Knowledge 
of guard duty good, excepting batteries A, B, F, I and L. General 
instruction excellent. Books and papers very satisfactory, except- 
ing Battery I. Cash on hand, $5,931.70. Personnel excellent. 

The armory accommodations of batteries I, B and H were 
unsatisfactory, and the batteries quartered in the Irvington Street 
armory are crowded. 

The regiment performed its annual drill with regular troops from 
August 30 to September 6, and was stationed as follows : — 

Headquarters, band and batteries A, B, C, D, I and K, at Fort 
Rodman, New Bedford, Mass. 

Batteries G, H and L, under command of Major Dyer, at Fort 
Adams, Newport, P.I. 

Batteries E, F and M, with band, under command of Major 
Nutter, at Fort Greble, Jamestown, R.I. 

The attendance of enlisted men was as follows : Battery A, 62| ; 
Battery B, 63 ; Battery C, 54| ; Battery D, 61| ; Battery E, 61 § ; 
Battery F, 61| ; Battery G, 62 ; Battery H, 62f ; Battery I, 60| ; 
Battery K, 59| ; Battery L, 62; Battery M, 62| ; average, 61 f, 
an average gain of 4 men. 

This was the first occasion in times of peace when State troops 
have taken part in manoeuvres with regular troops. The results 
amply justified the experiment. 

The heavy artillery work of the regiment has since been very 
highly commended by the War Department, and regular officers 
on duty with the government troops. 

The manoeuvres were divided into two periods, the period of 
preparation and the period of hostilities, the latter extending from 
midnight of August 31 to noon of Saturday, September 5. 

Fort Rodman. 

Reliefs for all guns were drilled thoroughly both morning and 
afternoon with 1, 6 and 15 bl. R.F. guns, 8 inch B.L.R., and 
gatling guns. 

Signal stations were established, and a most vigilant watch was 
maintained day and night for the approach of a hostile fleet. This 
was discovered at 7.30 on Wednesday morning, and in less than 
four minutes every officer and man was at his assigned station. 
The engagement continued until 11.25 a.m., during which 364 
rounds were fired from guns of all calibres. 

Excellent discipline prevailed, and officers and men were in 
perfect control of the commanding officer, and at all times dis- 



16 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

played a knowledge of their duties which excited favorable com- 
ment from regular officers and inspector. 

Each battery commander furnished rations for his command. 

The health was excellent, no accidents or injuries occurring 
during the week. 

Guard duty fair only. Military courtesy very good ; care of 
quarters good. Ceremonies at first fair only, but improved during 
the week. Discipline fair. 

Orders were issued for no one to leave camp, but on three 
different nights many enlisted men were seen on the streets in New 
Bedford. 

Roll calls and setting up drill unsatisfactory. Lack of uniformity 
in dress was noticeable among the officers and men. 

The band was no credit to the command ; much noise was heard in 
its quarters after taps, and the music furnished was unsatisfactory. 

Fort Adams. 

Details were made for outposts, gun and mortar detachments, 
also for signal and range work. During the week the battalion 
turned out seven times in reply to the " call to arms," and did the 
work in a manner to receive commendation from the district com- 
mander. 

Ceremonies fair. Discipline and military courtesy excellent. 
Policing of camp excellent at all times. 

The attendance of this detachment is especially commended, 192 
officers and men being present, out of an enrollment of 193. 

Fort Greble. 

The batteries assigned to this fort encountered some difficulties 
in pitching camp, owing to the poor transportation facilities. 
Details were made to the 10 inch R.F.G. and 12 inch mortars, 
also for signal and range work. 

The battalion had an active tour of duty, turning out eleven 
times to the " call to arms." 

Discipline, with one exception, excellent. Military courtesy 
very good. Policing of camp excellent, although, from the nature 
of the soil, it was very dusty. 

All the batteries returned to their home stations with a very 
satisfactory tour of duty to their credit. 

Quoting from the inspecting officer: "The artillery work as 
demonstrated by this regiment was just what was looked for. 
After years of study of a carefully outlined schedule of work, the 
brains and energy in the organization developed a result which was 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 17 

most creditable. This result has been attained only by systematic 
and earnest effort, and at no small personal sacrifice on the part 
of many. In its desire to rank high in artillery, the regiment has 
neglected to give that attention to details in other lines for which 
the organization was once noted. It is not believed that this con- 
dition will be allowed to continue for any length of time." 



Second Infantry. 

A marked improvement in discipline and general condition in 
this regiment is noted. The indifference and carelessness reported 
last year having disappeared, military courtesy was excellent. 

The attendance of enlisted men at armory inspection was as 
follows : Company A, 58 ; Company B, 54 ; Company C, 58 ; 
Company D, 52 ; Company E, 51 ; Company F, 54 ; Company G, 
58; Company H, 50 ; Company I, 53; Company K, 50; Com- 
pany L, 48 ; Company M, 46 ; total, 632 out of an enrollment of 
688, or an average of 52 T % out of 60 per company, a gain of 2, 
companies L and M being the only ones to fall below 50, 27 with 
leave, 29 without. 

Cash on hand to the credit of the several companies at the last 
audit, $4,505.39. 

As was the case last year, the inspections showed a marked 
difference in the condition of the companies. The condition of 
property, books and papers was found to be good in companies A, 
C, F and G, fair in companies B, E, H, K, L and M, and poor in 
companies D and I. 

The attendance of enlisted men at camp was as follows : Com- 
pany A, 60 ; Company B, 60 ; Company C, 60 ; Company D, 57 ; 
Company E, 52 ; Company F, 60 ; Company G, 60 ; Company H, 
58 ; Company I, 49 ; Company K, 58 ; Company L, 54 ; Company 
M, 55 ; total, 683 out of an enrollment of 707. Average per com- 
pany, 56^J out of 60, a gain of ^. 

Roll calls well attended. Setting up drills excellent. Policing 
of camp very satisfactory, excepting in band quarters. 

Drills were faithfully performed during the entire tour of duty, 
and gave very satisfactory results. The performance of guard 
duty was a decided improvement over last year, and showed more 
careful armory instructions. 

Discipline and military courtesy, with a few exceptions, excel- 
lent. The discipline in the band of this regiment was very 
unsatisfactory, especially on Friday night after taps, some of its 
members acting in a very unsoldierly manner. 

Observance of taps was much better than usual. 



18 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

At Sunday morning inspection the regiment presented a very 
creditable appearance. 

The condition of the rifles was an improvement over last year, 
yet were not in the condition they should have been. 

The regiment as a whole is in a high state of efficiency. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

Marked improvement has been made in enrollment and efficiency. 
The commanding officer has been exceptionally active and untiring 
in his work, and has been ably supported by his field and staff. 

Enlisted men present at armory inspection : Company A, 58 ; 
Company B, 53 ; Company C, 48 ; Company D, 58 ; Company E, 
58 ; Company F, 44 ; Company G, 48 ; Company H, 41 ; Company 
I, 54 ; Company K, 46 ; Company L, 52 ; Company M, 50 ; an 
average of 50-^f , against 44 for the previous year. Too many 
absentees were reported, however, being 30 with leave and 45 
without. Companies C, F, G, H and K falling below 50. 

The drum corps passed a creditable inspection. 

The armory accommodations in this regiment are poor, especially 
in companies A, C, D, E and H, and the companies are somewhat 
handicapped in consequence. 

Rifles in good condition, excepting in companies B and D. 
State property in good condition, excepting some of the blouses 
were ill fitting and some small articles of equipment missing. 

Drills very good. Guard duty fair only. 

Books and papers neatly but not uniformly kept. Cash balance, 
$4,670.39. 

Companies A, C, E and H were found in the best condition, and 
D and K unsatisfactory. Company K, having fallen below the 
standard of efficiency, was disbanded by General Order, June 24, 
1902. 

Attendance of enlisted men at camp and annual drill : Company 
A, 59 ; Company B, 60 ; Company C, 55 ; Company D, 57 ; Com- 
pany E, 56 ; Company F, 56 ; Company G, 57 ; Company H, 53 ; 
Company I, 60 ; Company L, 60 ; Company M, 55 ; average, 57^. 

Roll calls were not well attended, as a rule ; companies D and M 
were particularly lax. Setting up exercises good, excepting small 
attendance. 

Policing of camp and quarters excellent. Drills and ceremonies 
very satisfactory. Guard duty was unsatisfactory, being marked 
but three for the entire regiment. Discipline and courtesy excel- 
lent. Observance of taps satisfactory. Uniformity in dress needs 
more attention. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 19 



Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

This regiment about held its own during the year. It is handi- 
capped by two or three weak companies, and a very vigorous effort 
should be made to improve their standing. The enrollment is not 
as high as it ought to be. 

The attendance at armory inspection was as follows : Company 
A, 41 ; Company B, 58 ; Company C, 60 ; Company D, 46 ; Com- 
pany E, 50 ; Company F, 48 ; Company G, 50 ; Company H, 54 ; 
Company I, 43 ; Company K, 45 ; Company L, 47 ; Company M, 
46 ; average 49 ; companies A, D, F, I, K, L, and M falling 
below 50. 

Total number of enlisted men, 692; present, 613; absent 79; 
29 being without leave, which shows a lack of energy on the part 
of some captains. Company C of Lowell with full enrollment had 
every man present. 

The arms throughout the regiment were in excellent condition. 
The mess kits were generally in bad condition, the noticeable 
exception being that of Company A of Wakefield. 

Balance of property in satisfactory condition. Books and papers 
very well kept. 

The armories of companies M, L, E and I are not as convenient 
and satisfactory as could be desired. 

Drills as a rule very good. The inspectors called attention to 
some errors, the details of which have been forwarded. 

Guard duty very fair, although companies K and M were below 
the average, and need instruction in this branch of work. General 
instruction good, excepting in companies D, K and M. Knowl- 
edge of arms excellent. Personnel good. Administration satis- 
factory. Finances in excellent condition ; cash on hand $7,165.06. 

Attendance at camp and annual drill averaged less than previous 
year, and was. as follows: Company A, 49| ; Company B, 56|; 
Company C, 55| ; Company D, 56| ; Company E, 56J ; Company 
F, 54j- ; Company G, 55|; Company H, 55| ; Company I, 53| ; 
Company L, 55| ; Company M, 57| ; average, 55^-. 

Owing to the prevalence of small-pox in Southbridge, Company 
K was ordered to remain at its home station during this tour of 
duty, and later it was sent to the camp of the Second Brigade at 
Lakeville, and performed its tour of duty with the Eighth Regi- 
ment, having an attendance of 50 enlisted men out of an enroll- 
ment of 58. 

Attendance at roll calls satisfactory, excepting in companies I 
and M. Setting up exercises could be improved. Guard duty 



20 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

generally satisfactory. Inspection of quarters very good. Polic- 
ing excellent. Drills were promptly and faithfully carried out, 
especially under battalion commanders. 

The regiment performed a satisfactory tour of duty, and both 
officers and men are entitled to credit for the results attained. 



Eighth Regiment Infantry. 

This regiment is in a satisfactory condition, both officers and 
men working faithfully and intelligently to increase the efficiency 
of the command. 

The attendance at armory inspection was equal to that of last 
year, yet was not as large as it should have been : Company A, 
39 ; Company B, 55 ; Company C, 59 ; Company D, 48 ; Company 
E, 54 ; Company F, 41 ; Company G, 48 ; Company H, 43 ; Com- 
pany I, 57 ; Company K, disbanded ; Company L, 56 ; Company 
M, 41 ; average, 49-^-, companies A, D, F, G, H and M falling 
below 50. Seventy men were absent from these inspections, 34 
being with leave and 36 without. Company A, having fallen 
below the standard of efficiency, was disbanded, by General Orders, 
No. 7, 1902. 

Under General Orders, No. 7, dated March 12, a new Company 
K, Captain Whitten, was mustered into the service and attached 
to this regiment. It starts with excellent prospects, and will 
occupy, together with Company M, the new State armory being 
constructed in Somerville. 

State property was in good condition. 

The adjutant's, quartermaster's and medical departments are 
well conducted. Books and papers in excellent condition. Cash 
balance, $2,292.47. 

The headquarters at Salem are unsatisfactory. Lieut. Col. 
Hawkins, A. I. G., made a special report on the unsatisfactory 
heating arrangements of the armory of Company H at Salem. 

The drum corps is in excellent condition, and is a credit to the 
militia. 

Drills very good, although more attention should be given to 
extended order work. 

The companies ranked as follows : excellent, companies I, L 
and C ; very good, companies B, D, F, G, H and M ; satisfactory, 
Company E ; poor, Company, A. 

The attendance of enlisted men at camp and annual drill was as 
follows : Company A, disbanded ; Com pan}' B, 55 ; Company C, 
58 ; Company D, 53 ; Company E, 56 ; Company F, 57 ; Company 
G, 58 ; Company H, 59 ; Company I, 59 ; Company K, 56 ; Com- 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 21 

pany L, 60 ; Company M, 55 ; average, 56^, a gain of 3 T 6 T per 
company. 

Reveille roll calls were well attended and satisfactory, but the 
tattoo roll calls were not up to the standard. Drills and ceremonies 
excellent. Setting up exercises faithfully carried out. Guard 
duty did not come up to the standard expected. 

The camp was a model of neatness, policing of camp and quarters 
practically perfect, and State property well cared for. Military 
courtesy and discipline very fair, but was marred by blanket tossing 
and ball playing on Sunday, and fireworks during the last night in 
camp. 

Ninth Regiment. 

This regiment as a whole has made very satisfactory progress 
during the year. Its officers especially have worked hard, and 
should be commended for their efforts. 

The attendance at armory inspections was as follows : Company 
A, 56 ; Company B, 51 ; Company C, 47 ; Company, E, 56 ; Com- 
pany F, 58 ; Company G, 52 ; Company H, 45 ; Company I, 57 ; 
Company K, 52 ; Company L, 52 ; Company M, 49 ; average, 52^-, 
companies H and M falling below 50, an average gain over last 
year of 2 men per company. There were 5 absentees, however, 
17 being with leave and 41 without. 

At headquarters' inspection everything was found in a satis- 
factory condition, books and papers and State property well kept 
and cared for. 

The drum corps is in an unsatisfactory condition, only 4 drum- 
mers being enlisted, the other musicians playing on brass instru- 
ments, making what might be called a skeleton band. The members 
are mostly professional musicians, who show lack of practice 
together. Clothing and property in poor condition. 

Among the companies the arms were well cared for, excepting 
in companies C, E and H. Propert}^ in good condition, excepting 
many blouses were ill fitting and some canteen stoppers and cap 
devices missing. Drills very good. Knowledge of guard duty fair 
only, some companies bringing down the average. 

Non-commissioned officers need study and instruction. 

The companies passing the best inspection were companies G, 
F, A and B ; the poorest, companies H, K, L and I. 

Under General Orders, No. 7, dated March 12, 1902, a new 
Company D, Capt. John F. Dunn, was mustered into service and 
attached to this regiment ; not being equipped, it was not inspected. 

The attendance of enlisted men at camp and annual drill was as 
follows : Company A, 55| ; Company B, 57| ; Company C, 53^; 



22 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Company D, 56§ ; Company E, 53f ; Company F, 54f ; Company 
G, 53f ; Company H, 56f ; Company I, 59 ; Company K, 50f ; 
Company L, 57f ; Company M, 49f ; average daily strength, in- 
cluding officers, men and band, 716 ; average enlisted men per 
company, 54f . 

The regiment performed one of the best tours of duty in its 
history. 

Roll calls well attended, but not always prompt. Policing of 
quarters excellent. Drills and ceremonies very satisfactory. Dis- 
cipline good. 

The weakest spot found was lack of knowledge shown by 
sentinels. Non-commissioned officers and men need study and 
instruction. 

Uniformity was lacking in arranging contents of quarters. 

Financially, the regiment has lost ground. The total expenses 
were $12,764.70. Last year the several companies had $2,921.75 
on hand; this year, but $1,300.92. 



Naval Brigade. 

The brigade has made satisfactory progress during the year, 
and has been engaged in hard practical work. 

Attendance at armory inspections was as follows : Headquarters, 
38 ; Company A, 49 ; Company B, 52 ; Company C, 56 ; Company 
E, 53 ; Company F, 54 ; Company G, 54 ; Company H, 53 ; Com- 
pany I, 53 ; an average per company of 53, a gain of 5 over last 
year ; 8 absent with leave, 12 without. 

At inspection of headquarters, the absentees were all from the 
Engineer Corps. 

Property was in good condition, excepting a few cutlasses were 
corroded, although clean. 

The work done by the Signal Corps was especially commended 
by the inspector. 

Among the companies, the State property was found in better 
condition than last year, yet there is a chance, for improvement, 
especially in care of clothing. 

Books and papers very satisfactory. Cash on hand, $2,361.01. 
Drills, considering the number of recruits, satisfactory. Armory 
of Company G reported as unsuitable. Not enough attention 
given to details in preparing for armory inspections. Petty officers 
need study and instruction. 

The tour of camp duty and annual drill was performed on vessels 
of the North Atlantic squadron in Long Island Sound and adjacent 
waters, from August 30 to September 6 inclusive. 



1903.*] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 23 

The attendance was as follows : Field and staff, 64 ; Company 
A, 56 ; Company B, 57 ; Company C, 54 ; Company E, 55 ; Com- 
pany F, 48 ; Company G, 57 ; Company H, 55| ; Company I, 57 ; 
average of 8 companies, 54f ; a gain of If. 

The Signal Division with a few details was assigned to coast 
signal work. The rest of the organization was distributed as 
follows : companies A and E, under Lieutenant Commander Dilla- 
way, to U.S.S. " Brooklyn ; " Company B, to U.S.S. " Olympia ; " 
Company C, with part of the Engineer Division, to U.S.S. " Massa- 
chusetts ; " companies F and I, to U.S.S. " Kearsage ; " companies 
G and H, with part of the torpedo division, under Lieutenant 
Commander Edgar, to U.S.S. " Alabama." 

The officers and men were as a rule assigned stations on their 
several ships with the ship's company, giving them exceptional 
advantages in gaining practical instruction. 

The condition of the service during the manoeuvres made im- 
possible a personal inspection of the several detachments ; but 
reports from the army and navy officers, under whose observation 
the brigade came, went to show that its work was well performed 
and the character of it profitable. 

Lieutenant Colonel Denny, A.I.G., reports: "The attendance 
of -the brigade excellent; its progress satisfactory; its defects 
mostly in process of elimination, and that the Commonwealth is 
getting good value for its outlay." 

First Corps of Cadets. 

With the exception of enrollment, the corps is in an excellent 
condition. The personnel is of the highest character, and, while 
many changes have taken place among its officers, the year's 
work has been satisfactory. 

A determined effort should be made to increase the membership 
of the corps. The total enrollment at the time of armory inspection 
was 238, which was increased at tour of camp duty to 252. More 
of our young men should be receiving the excellent military train- 
ing that is obtained in this organization. 

The attendance at armory inspection was as follows : Company 
A, 41 ; Company B, 42 ; Company C, 55 ; Company D, 55 ; average, 
48J ; a gain of 5|- over last year, but 1 man being reported absent 
without leave. 

State property in good condition. Administration very good. 
Books and papers excellently kept, although not in the exact lines 
of other organizations of the militia. Cash on hand at last audit, 
$530.40, which did not include cash on hand to pay interest on 
bonds. 



24 ADJUTANT GEXEBAUS REPORT. [Jan. 

The theatricals given by the corps just prior to these inspections 
no doubt prevented its higher standing in drill and general knowl- 
edge, jet, under the conditions, this part of their duties was very 
good. 

Guard work very good. Knowledge of the sentinels' general 
orders was especially commended by the inspector. 

Attendance at camp and annual drill at Hingham, July 12 to 19, 
was as follows: Company A, 38f ; Company B, 50|; Company 
C, 67|; Company D, 57# ; average, 53f ; a gain of 6 J- over last 
year. There was, however, too large a percentage of absentees, 
especially in company A. 

The tour of duty was very satisfactory. The inspecting officer 
made some minor criticisms, also some recommendations, which 
have been duly forwarded. 

Guard duty and drills very satisfactory. Policing of camp and 
care of quarters excellent. Military courtesy and discipline was 
of the highest order. Rifle practice satisfactory. 

The work of the quartermaster and commissary departments was 
deserving of special praise. 

The corps spent one day and night away from the main camp in 
practical field work, using shelter tents and the buzzacott oven, 
Much practical knowledge was obtained. 

Second Corps of Cadets. 

The organization has not made satisfactory progress during the 
year. Enrollment remained small, and measures should be taken 
at once to recruit the several companies to a proper strength. 

Present at armory inspections: Company A, 27; Company B, 
27; Company C, 34; Company D, 44; average, 33. Out of an 
enrollment of 179 men, 31 were absent from armory inspection, 10 
without leave. 

State property was in satisfactory condition, excepting over- 
coats and arms of companies B and D. The poor condition of 
overcoats was reported by the inspector last year, but no apparent 
effort has been made to improve it. 

The drills were fair only, and the inspector criticised the military 
knowledge shown by the line officers and the irregularity of drills 
and attendance. 

Cash balance on hand, 8729.85. 

The tour of camp duty and annual drill was performed at Box- 
ford, July 19 to 26 inclusive. 

Present for duty: Company A, 41 : Company B, 29 ; Company 
C, 35 ; Company D, 42 ; average, 36 J . Company D having every 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 25 

officer and man present. With a total enrollment of 184 officers 
and men, an average of 162J were present for duty. 

Weather conditions very poor. Drills fair only. Ceremonies 
very good. Policing of camp excellent. Discipline very lax in 
many ways, camp being very noisy after taps. Guard duty 
throughout the tour was fair only. 

Administration of the several staff departments very satisfactory. 

More discipline, study and attention to details is needed to bring 
the corps up to the standard expected of it, and it is imperative 
that the officers make a determined effort to bring about such 
results. 

First Battalion Light Artillery. 

Headquarters' inspection was creditable. Books and papers 
neatly and well kept, which was a decided improvement over last 
year. State property in good condition and well cared for. 

At armory inspection Battery B was in a very poor condition, 
but improved rapidly before camp. 

Attendance of enlisted men, 54, 21 being absent without leave ; 
of this number 8 were in process of discharges. 

Battery drill good. Knowledge of guard duty poor. Nomen- 
clature of the piece unsatisfactory. Drivers' examinations poor. 
Much of the State property was in poor condition, as were books 
and papers, and the general condition unsatisfactory, for which the 
captain was mainly responsible. Assurance was given the inspect- 
ing officer that immediate attention would be given to correct the 
existing unsatisfactory conditions. Cash on hand, $1,058.49. 

Battery C passed a very satisfactory inspection. Attendance of 
enlisted men 79, 2 being absent without leave, but reported as sick. 

Battery drill very good. Drivers' examinations very fair. Caps 
out of shape. State property well cared for, but sabres and over- 
coats were old and worn, and should be condemned. 

Administration and personnel good. Books and papers satis- 
factory. Cash on hand, $274.30. 

The gun and harness room is damp and musty, and should 
receive early attention. 

Average attendance of enlisted men at camp and annual drill as 
follows: Battery B, 64; absent, 15 ; a loss of 8 from last year. 
Battery C, 84; absent, none ; a gain of 6, which was an excellent 
showing. 

The general appearance of the men of both batteries at Sunday 
morning inspection was unsatisfactory. 

During the week both batteries were drilled hard and faithfully, 
which gave excellent results. 



26 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Ceremonies well performed. Roll calls were not well attended 
early in the week, but improved later. Military courtesy good. 
Guard duty poor. 

The canvas uniforms of both batteries were ill fitting and dirty. 

Headquarters' stable was well kept ; battery stables fair. 

The battalion was greatly benefited by the tour of duty, and I 
confidently expect a better report can be made the coming year, 
especially of Battery B. 

Light Battery A. 

This battery is in the same high state of efficiency as was reported 
last year. 

The personnel of officers and men is excellent. Untiring zeal 
has marked the year's work, and the results must be very satis- 
factory to the members of the battery, as it is to the State. 

With a total strength of 5 officers and 85 men, 4 officers and 
76 men were present at the inspection. There were too many 
absentees, although all but 2 were with leave. The principal cause 
for the small attendance was the fact that the inspection did not 
take place on the regular drill night. 

State property was in good condition. The 3-^- inch rifles 
showed careful oversight, as did the harnesses and other equip- 
ments. The carriages would be improved by painting. 

Formations excellent. Drills very good. Knowledge of guard 
duty fair. Administration excellent. Cash on hand, $9,189.54. 
The battery also owns two artillery baggage wagons and harnesses, 
five large conical tents, mattresses, cots, blankets and ponchos. 

Repairs on gun carriages to the amount of $79, and $400 paid 
for instruction in riding, 'above the amount allowed by the State. 

The organization should also be given credit for its proficiency in 
revolver shooting. A team was sent to Sea Girt in 1900 and 1901, 
at an expense of $600, which was paid from the battery treasury. 

The tour of camp duty and annual drill was held at Lakeville 
and Sagamore, and everything was perfectly satisfactory but the 
attendance. With an enrollment of 90, 11 men were absent. 

The battery was ordered to report at Lakeville by 6 o'clock p.m. 
July 12, but was, however, assembled on the day previous at 
2 p.m., performing an extra day's duty without pay. 

The battery went down over the road, and Captain Parker, men 
and horses rode into camp in excellent condition. Four days were 
spent in camp with the Second Brigade, and all duties were per- 
formed in a satisfactory manner. On the 17th the battery, by 
permission of the brigade commander, left Middleborough by 
special train for Sagamore, where an excellent camp was laid out. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 27 

Target practice at a range of 1,300 yards gave good results. 
Firing was done by battery, platoon and sections. Cross-country 
drill was indulged in, giving the drivers valuable experience in 
handling their horses over rough ground. 

The battery returned to Boston by train on Saturday, and gave 
a short street parade from the station to its armory. 

Battery A is a credit to the Commonwealth. 

First Battalion Cavalry. 

The battalion is in a fair condition. Administration excellent. 
Books and papers carefully and well kept. The commander is 
efficient, and has a capable staff, but there are some conditions 
existing which makes it almost impossible to get the results desired. 

The battalion has suffered from lack of proper equipment, but 
since camp new horse equipments have been issued, and the sabres 
put in good repair. 

Attendance at armory inspection as follows : Troop A, 54 ; 
Troop D, 58 ; average, 56, a loss of 4| from last year. One officer 
and 14 men were absent in Troop A, being without leave, and 15 
men in Troop D, 5 without leave, — surely, an unsatisfactory 
showing. 

All State property, not obsolete, was in good condition. Per- 
sonnel very good. Drill and general instruction very satisfactory, 
Troop D passing the best inspection. 

Both troops are in excellent condition financially, and have 
spent large sums during the year. Cash on hand : Troop A, 
$1,356.08; Troop D, $1,069.53. 

Troop A is dominated by its veteran organization, and the social 
spirit is more prominent than the military spirit; in consequence, 
I believe the active troop should be more independent of the 
veterans. 

Attendance at camp and annual drill as follows : Troop A, 61 ; 
Troop D, 76 ; average, 68-|, 13 being absent from Troop A and 2 
from troop D. 

The battalion went to Lakeville over the road, a distance of 41 
miles, camping in Brockton (22 miles) the first night. Both men 
and horses arrived in excellent condition. The road march was 
very satisfactory, not only in discipline and drill, but to the com- 
missary and quartermaster's department. At Lakeville, however, 
the camp conditions were not as satisfactory ; sinks and cook 
houses were not in proper condition early in the week. 

Discipline, especially in Troop A, not up to the standard 
expected. Drills and ceremonies excellent. Guard duty very fair. 

The battalion marched back to Boston over the same route, leav- 



28 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

ing their camp at Lakeville in a very unsatisfactory condition. It 
took two battalions of the Eighth Infantry several hours to properly 
clean up the ground. I was informed that Major Perrin gave 
proper orders to have the abandoned camp properly policed, but 
through carelessness or misunderstanding they were not carried 
out. 

I am confident this battalion will increase in efficiency the com- 
ing year. 

Troop F, Cavalry. 

This command has greatly improved during year. Administra- 
tion excellent. Officers and men are working systematically to 
advance the efficiency of the troop, which is harder to maintain 
than in city troops, owing to the local conditions. 

Attendance at armory inspection, 58 ; loss of 2 from last year, 
5 being absent with leave, 4 without. 

Condition of arms and clothing satisfactory. Books and papers 
excellent. Cash on hand, $749.09. Equipments unsatisfactory. 
(New ones have since been issued.) 

Personnel satisfactory. Drill and general instruction very good. 

The attendance of enlisted men at camp and annual drill was 
76}, a loss of 2f . 

The troop performed its annual drill by a road march from its 
home station to the camp at Framingham, and was satisfactory. 

The work of the troop in camp was earnest and painstaking. 
Roll calls well attended. Military courtesy good. Guard duty 
poor, sentries as a rule needing instruction in drill and setting up. 
Stables fair. Some lack of uniformity in dress was noticed. Camp 
was somewhat noisy after taps early in the week. 

Signal Corps. 

Attendance of enlisted men at armory inspection : First Brigade 
Corps, 20, 5 being absent, 2 without leave ; Second Brigade Corps, 
18, 4 absent, 2 without leave; average, 19, a loss of 5-J from last 
year. 

Owing to the lack of proper equipments for this special line of 
work, the inspections were necessarily limited. 

First Brigade Corps. 
State property is in fair condition, excepting belts are old and 
not properly cared for, canteens stained and dented, blouses ill 
fitting. Books and papers not properly kept Cash on hand, 
$450.75. Formation slow, marching and manual of kit satis- 
factory. But 5 privates could " wig-wag " the alphabet correctly. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 29 



Second Brigade Corps. 

State property in very fair condition. Cash on hand, $37.96. 
Personnel excellent. Drill as a whole satisfactory, a few new 
men not familiar with the code. Messages were sent with reason- 
able speed and accuracy. Administration excellent. 

Average attendance of enlisted men at camp and annual drill as 
follows : First Brigade Corps, 201, absent, 5$ ; Second Brigade 
Corps, 23 ; absent, 2. 

A new and up-to-date equipment, consisting of 2 sets of helio- 
graphs, 20 3-joint bamboo staves, 20 sets of 4-foot flags, 10 sets 
of 6-foot flags, 5 pairs of field glasses and 4 sets of Graham and 
Meyer torches, were issued to each corps. Marked improvement 
was noted immediately. 

In my opinion, both corps are in a much higher state of efficiency 
than ever before. Much credit is due First Lieut. Walter C. 
Stevens of the Second Brigade Corps, who was also detailed to 
command that of the First Brigade. 

Hard work, morning, afternoon and evening, characterized the 
tour of duty, and excellent results were obtained. 

. Discipline and military courtesy excellent. Inspection of quar- 
ters fair. Policing of camp excellent. Attendance at roll call 
very good. 

Ambulance Corps. 

Attendance at the armory inspections, 46 men, 7 absent, 2 with- 
out leave. 

State property was found to be in good condition. The duty 
pouches are too small for the required contents. Policing of 
quarters not thorough. While formations were slow, drills were 
well performed. Litter drill well executed. Bandaging and the 
application of emergency and improvised splints for a large variety 
of injuries was shown. 

Administration very good. Personnel satisfactory. Some diffi- 
culty is experienced in getting the right kind of men to enlist. 
Books and papers very good. Cash on hand, $95.78. 

One-half of the corps was detailed for duty at each brigade, and 
the average attendance was as follows : at First Brigade, 3 If, 
absent, If; at Second Brigade, 31|, absent, 1|. 

The tour of duty performed by the detachment detailed to the 
First Brigade was the most satisfactory. 

More attention to military courtesy and promptness at roll calls 
is desirable, also set up of the men. 

As prescribed by paragraph 566 of the regulations, the following 



30 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

suggestions for the improvement of the militia are respectfully 
submitted : — 

I. That regimental and battalion camps be held every other 
year, or at least once in three years. 

II. The issue of the dress uniform to all troops. 

III. That the armory act be so amended that it may embrace 
cities and towns where only one company is located, at the dis- 
cretion of the Adjutant General. 

It is an injustice to require all companies to come up to the 
standard under such varying conditions as now exists in facilities 
for work. 

A standard plan of an armory, serviceable and practical, could 
be adopted, subject to certain modification as to expense, but 
practically giving equal facilities to all. 

IV. The arming of all infantry troops with the latest service 
rifle. 

V. Systematic instruction of officers in the preparation of 
military papers, and a sample set of same to be issued to each 
headquarters and company. 

VI. That all enlisted men care for their own rifles, and become 
familiar with the mechanism. 

VII. That every man entitled to wear marksman button, do so. 
If this is not done, discontinue awarding them. They possess no 
significance at present, and are a needless expense ; not one man 
in five wears them. 

VIII. That the rank of Assistant Inspector General be raised 
to that of colonel. 

IX. That the two SignaL Corps be consolidated under the com- 
mand of a captain. 

X. That field officers exercise more careful supervision over 
companies in the armory, reporting promptly everything requiring 
correction. 

XL More attention to instruction in guard duty. 

XII. Greater attention to military courtesy and knowledge, 
and, as a help to bring about the desired result, that there shall be 
issued to every non-commissioned officer in the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia a copy of the United States Drill Regulations, 
and a Guard Manual to every enlisted man liable to such duty. 

That the Adjutant General's report be kept in all headquarters 
and companies ; also that all headquarters and companies be fur- 
nished with books of instruction, such as the United States Drill 
Regulations, Wagner's Security and Information, Army Examiner, 
Customs of the Service, Manual of Field Engineering, Manual of 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 31 

Court Martial, Quartermaster, Paymaster and Subsistence Manuals, 
and such others as may be deemed advisable. 

XIII. That the habit of criticising one another, which is alto- 
gether too prevalent among officers of the several grades, be 
stopped. It is not only unsoldierly, but it is unmanly. 

Some of these recommendations were made last year, and I 
respectfully and earnestly urge consideration. 

In conclusion, permit me to express my appreciation to you 
personally for the assistance you have given me, also to the officers 
of this department, who have given faithful and conscientious 
service, which I am sure has been a benefit to the militia of the 
Commonwealth. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WILLIAM H. BRIGHAM, 

Inspector General. 



32 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OE THE SURGEON GENERAL. 



Surgeox General's Office, Bostox, Jan. 9, 1903. 

To the Adjutant General, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, State House, 

Boston. 

Sir : — I have the honor to forward my report for the year 1902. 

His Excellency W. Murray Crane, Governor of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — The work to be done in the Surgeon General's office has 
much increased during the last four or five years. To the usual 
routine duties has been added the work of paying the medical 
officers for the examination of recruits and re-enlistments. There 
were 2,749 men examined, at the expense of 90 cents per man ; 
this is 4 cents less per man than in 1901. This necessitates the 
keeping of an extra set of books. It is now necessary to keep a 
clerk in the office constantly. 

The first of the year, as usual, the medical chests were called in 
and refitted, and at the proper time returned to the various com- 
mands. 

There have been more examinations this year of veterans for 
military aid than last year. Veterans of the civil war who present 
themselves for examination are usually men who have some chronic 
ailment, such as heart difficulties, kidney derangements and the 
like, which incapacitates them for manual labor. Most of these 
men saw long service in the war of the rebellion, and, as far as I 
can learn, are worthy, respectable men (of course there are excep- 
tions, but this is the rule). I feel that the State, although very 
generous in the past, should be even more so in the future, as 
these men are fast growing old, and it is only for a short time that 
they will need help. I have been in my examinations rather 
liberal, giving the soldier the benefit of doubts, if there were any. 
I shall continue to do this as long as I hold the position of Surgeon 
General. I am fully convinced that the time has come when the 
State and nation should liberally provide for these veterans. The 
wealth of the country is enormous, and there is no reason why the 
pittance that is now dealt out to these men should not be increased. 
I should advocate this very strongly. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 33 

Inspections of the various commands of the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia were attended to in their course, and my report 
on the condition of those camps, in general, is very favorable. 
The First Brigade camp, from a sanitary point of view, was first 
class. In the eight years that I have been annually visiting this 
camp I don't remember of having seen so clean and well-policed 
ground, so thoroughly clean cook houses and sanitary arrangements 
of all kinds as obtained in this, their last muster. The surgeons 
deserve a great deal of credit for this condition of things. This 
condition was made possible by reason of improvements in ground 
around cook houses and sinks. I would congratulate the com- 
manding general of this brigade on having so efficient a medical 
staff. I am convinced, however, that the commanding general 
had much to do with this very satisfactory condition. It shows 
good discipline obtains in the brigade. 

The Second Brigade camp was to a certain extent a new 
departure, and, as far as the sanitary condition of this muster 
goes, it was in the line of my recommendations last year. I myself 
believe this to be one of the most satisfactory military outings that 
we have had since I joined the militia. In any case, this came 
nearer being like the real soldiering. For the first time in our 
department all of our camp utensils, bedding, tents, etc., were put 
in boxes and bags, so they could be safely transported, and every- 
thing was very carefully looked after to see that it was started from 
Framingham in season and arrived at the camp in season, and was 
there properly cared for till turned over to the proper officers, that 
there might be no loss. The extra experience in the quarter- 
master's department must have been of direct benefit to the officers 
of that department. The sinks at this camp were kept in a most 
admirable manner. This was at the expense of much lime and 
other disinfectants. The water supply was taken care of and 
watched with the greatest care by Medical Director Devine, and, 
on the whole, as far as our department goes, this campaign was 
extremely satisfactory. My clerk, Mr. Bradford, was on the 
ground in season to see that the medical supplies arrived in good 
condition, and that they were delivered to each command promptly. 
He stayed throughout the whole encampment, and returned after 
the supplies were packed and sent away. The care of all the 
medical supplies has been turned over to this department by the 
Adjutant General. A building was constructed to receive such 
supplies, and the care of all medical property is now under this 
department. In away this makes work for this office, but is more 
satisfactory, for the reason that the property can be more carefully 
looked after and the losses noted and traced. 



34 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The First Corps of Cadets camp was, from a medical officer's 
stand-point, as usual, a model one. This corps needs no praise 
from me. The camp praises itself. It is always found in a most 
admirable condition. 

The Second Corps of Cadets, likewise, was a very clean, well- 
appointed camp. I never have found much to criticise in this 
command. 

Owing to illness, I did not have the honor to inspect the First 
Regiment of Heavy Artillery or the Naval Brigade. 

On the last of May I received from Your Excellency instructions 
to visit Washington and attend the tenth annual meeting of the 
Association of Military Surgeons, which was held in that city on 
May 31, June 1 and 2, inclusive. I respectfully requested that 
Colonel Marion and Colonel Devine, medical directors of the First 
and Second Brigades, be appointed to attend this association 
meeting with me. Colonel Marion was present. This meeting 
was one of the best the association has held since I have been a 
member, Washington being a very desirable place for such a meet- 
ing, and the citizens, representatives of the government, surgeons 
of the army and navy, vieing with each other in their efforts to 
show hospitality of the most generous kind, made this meeting not 
only a very instructive one, but a very pleasant outing. The 
papers read, as usual, were worthy of much praise. 

I feel that at the present time this association is doing a splendid 
work. Of the amount of scientific work done in Cuba during the 
Spanish war and subsequently by members of this association very 
little is known outside of official circles. That there was splendid 
work done by our surgeons in that, at the time, pest-house of a 
country is well known to members of the association. The work 
was simply magnificent, and should be known throughout the 
country. The amount of good that must result from this cleaning 
up and stamping out of disease in Cuba and the Philippine Islands 
cannot now be estimated, but it must be enormous. General Wood 
made the remark to me, when at our camp at Framingham last 
summer, that when he sailed out of Havana harbor he left Cuba 
as healthy as any part of New England. That statement seemed 
almost beyond belief to me. It was astonishing, and I am told 
upon good authority that there hasn't been a case of yellow fever 
in Cuba for twelve months. The Association of Military Surgeons 
is well aware of this work, as all or nearly all the men who have 
made names for themselves are now members. As the official 
head of the association for the time, I desire here and now to 
thank all medical officers who have been in any way connected 
with the army, navy, Marine Corps and volunteer service during 
the war for the splendid work done. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 35 

The Association of Military Surgeons meets in Boston May 19, 
20 and 21, 1903. The committee of arrangements are very anxious 
that this should be made one of the best meetings ever held by this 
association, from every point of view. Of course, to do ourselves 
credit we will have to raise considerable money for expenses, — 
$4,000 or $5,000 at least. This can be done partly by subscription, 
but as this is a national affair, and as the association is made up 
of regular army and navy surgeons, surgeons of the Marine Corps 
and National Guard, with representatives from all the superior 
powers, Canada, Japan and Mexico, and as the benefit derived 
from this meeting by the surgeons of the Massachusetts militia 
will be great, it should induce the State to furnish us part of the 
money, at least, which will be required to entertain the association 
while here in Boston. I recommend that an appropriation be 
passed, allowing the Surgeon General, as chairman of the financial 
committee of the association, not less than $1,000 towards the 
expense of this meeting. 

I feel I can say with truthfulness that the medical department 
of the Massachusetts militia has made a fair share of improvement 
during the year, but that we are still far from perfect is evident 
to all. 

All medical supplies not expendable should be thoroughly cared 
for by surgeons and assistant surgeons ; they should be very par- 
ticular in the care of surgical instruments ; in fact, everything 
liable to deteriorate from rust or other ways should be looked 
after. Surgeons will be held responsible for the unnecessary loss 
of instruments or medical supplies of any kind. 

During the coming year it will be necessary to furnish the 
Ambulance Corps with a complete outfit of duty pouches, and also 
make some changes in the ambulance. I believe the State militia 
should be furnished with an extra ambulance and one or two express 
wagons that could be used in case the brigades were out for a 
practice drill. 

Your Excellency, in closing this my third annual report, I desire 
to express my thanks to you for the universal kindness you have 
shown me while a member of your staff. The duties of my office 
have always been pleasant. It has been a great honor to have 
served with you and the gentlemen of your staff for three years. 
I shall always remember this service with pleasure. 

In closing, I desire to thank all the medical officers of the Massa- 
chusetts militia for the faithful and intelligent manner in which 
they have performed their duties. 

I would especially commend the good work of the Medical 
Examining Board. The number of officers examined by this Board 
for the year was 87. These examinations require much valuable 



36 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

time, and, in my judgment, the compensation is not sufficient. 
I recommend the pay for this work be increased. 

I desire again to thank General Dalton for many favors. The 
State is very fortunate to be able to still retain his services. 

I am much indebted to Colonel Capelle for advice and for many 
little favors he has so willingly rendered to me during the past 
year and for all the years I have occupied this office. May he live 
long and continue to fill the position he now holds with much 
credit, as he has done in the past. 

Mr. Bradford has rendered good service ; he is a valuable man 
for this office. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ROBERT A. BLOOD, 

Surgeon General. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 37 



EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSAKY GENERAL. 



Commissary General's Office, 

Boston, Dec. 14, 1902. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General, Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit my annual report as Com- 
missary General for the year 1902. 

With the exception of one new blank (form No. 11), the same 
blank forms adopted for the year 1901 were used. 

The First Brigade, excepting the First Regiment Heavy Artillery, 
was in camp at Framingham June 7 to 14 inclusive. The same 
methods as last year were adopted, with satisfaction to officers and 
men. Meals were ready promptly when u mess call" sounded. 
The expense for the brigade was 36 cents per ration. 

The First Regiment Heavy Artillery, being detailed for special 
duty with United States troops, was rationed independently from 
this department. 

The Second Brigade was in camp at Lakeville, July 12 to 19 
inclusive, at old camp "Joe Hooker," which is about three miles 
from Middleborough, Mass. It was necessary to transport all 
supplies by wagons this distance. The milk supply was sent from 
Boston packed in ice, as it was not obtainable at Lakeville. Meats, 
etc., were delivered to cook houses at camp fresh each day. The 
cost per ration was 38 cents, which sum included all charges for 
teaming. 

The First Corps Cadets, in camp at Hingham, July 12 to 19, 
purchased supplies and rationed itself under direction from this 
department. In accordance with General Orders, all bills were 
paid by the Commissary General, as per report forwarded to this 
department. The cost per ration was 42 cents. 

The Second Corps Cadets rationed itself in camp at Boxford, 
Mass., July 19 to 26 inclusive, and forwarded report of same to 
this department, as directed. The cost per ration to this corps 
was 52-J cents. 



38 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

By the adoption of blank form No. 11, used this year for the 
first time, the paymasters of the different commands composing 
each brigade were enabled to leave the camp ground on Saturday 
with an itemized account for all supplies receipted, and a check in 
their possession for the balance due them, all bills for rations 
being paid in full. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FRED. W. WELLINGTON, 

Brigadier General, Commissary General, M. V. M. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 39 



REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL. 



Judge Advocate General's Office, 
Boston, Dec. 15, 1902. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General, Boston. 

Sir : — I have the honor to make my report for the current year. 

The proceedings of regimental courts martial in twenty-eight 
cases have been referred to me for review during the }'ear, and 
my reports in writing upon these several cases have been made. 
During this period of time no general court martial was held. 
Upon the several matters pertaining to the government of the 
militia that have been referred to me for advice, my opinions in 
writing have been given. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

HENRY S. DEWEY, 

Brigadier General and Judge Advocate General. 



40 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF BOARD OF MILITARY EXAMINEES. 



Office of the Examining Board for 

Officers of the Volunteer Militia, 

State House, Boston, Jan. 1, 1903. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit, in behalf of the Examining 
Board, the following report : — 

During the year of 1902, the Board held 24 meetings and 
examined 89 officers; passed 31 as competent, rejected 8 as 
incompetent. 

Of the officers examined, .08989 per cent, failed to pass, while 
during the years 1899-1900 12.095 per cent., and 1900-1901 .039 
per cent., failed. 

All the necessary records and papers have been completed for 
the year. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WM. A. BANCROFT, 

Major General (retired) , President 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 41 



REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OF RIFLE 

PRACTICE. 



Office of the Inspector General of Rifle Practice, 
State House, Boston, Dec. 31, 1902. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the report of this department 
for the year ending Dec. 31, 1902. 

Orders and Circulars. 

The following orders and circulars relating to the department 
have been issued from the office of the Adjutant General during 
the year : — 

General Orders, No. 5, March 1, publishing rules and regulations 
for the government of rifle, carbine and revolver practice and com- 
petitions. 

Circular, April 19, publishing target assignments at Walnut Hill 
range. 

General Orders, No. 17, August 8, announcing names of officers 
and men selected to represent the Commonwealth in the interstate 
competitions at Sea Girt, N. J. 

Circular, August 9, containing instructions to the Sea Girt team, 
issued by the Inspector General of Rifle Practice. 

General Orders, No. 19, September 20, publishing special duty 
details and final regulations for State rifle and carbine competitions. 

Efficiency. 

The percentage of efficients is 94.98 per cent., — a gain over 
1901 of 4.36 per cent. This establishes the highest record ever 
attained. 

The following table is a summary of the year's work : — 



Original qualifications, 
Requalifications, 
Efficients not requalifying, 

Total, .... 



Marksmen of record in service Nov. 1, 1902, 
Unqualified men in service Nov. 1, 1902, . 

Aggregate strength subject to range work, 



2,988 

1,967 

326 

5,281 

5,281 
279 

5,560 



42 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



Of the 279 unqualified men : — 

The general staff returns . 
The First Brigade returns 
The Second Brigade returns 
The Naval Brigade returns 
The Second Corps Cadets returns 



4 

26. 

177 

45 

27 



The 26 unqualified in the First Brigade is made up of : — 

Headquarters, 

Second Infantry, . „ 

Sixth Infantry, . . . 

Troop F, 



Of the Second Brigade the unqualified ones are : — 



1 

17 

5 

3 



From the Fifth Infantry, .... 
From the Eighth Infantry, 
From the Ninth Infantry, .... 
From the First Battalion Cavalry, . 

Aggregate strength subject to range work, 
Unqualified men, ..... 



3 
71 
71 
32 



1901. 1902. 

5,523 5,560 
518 279 



Unsatisfactory showing is made by Company E of the Eighth 
Infantry, which, with an enrolment of 58 officers and men, returns 
but 35 efficients, and has qualified and requalified only 21 ; also 
Company A, Second Corps Cadets, with an enrolment of 42 officers 
and men, and but 29 efficients, only qualified and requalified 16. 

The companies in each organization having the largest number 
of unqualified men are as follows : — 



Second Regiment Infantry, Company B, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company L, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, Company L, 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, Company K, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company E, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company M, 
p]ighth Regiment Infantry, Company G, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company D, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company M, 
Second Corps Cadets, Company A, 
Naval Brigade, Company A, 
Naval Brigade, Company B, 
First Battalion Cavalry, Troop D, 
First Battalion Cavalry, Troop A, 
Troop F, unattached, . 



10 

3 

3 

3 

23 

15 

12 

10 

14 

12 

11 

13 

12 

11 

20 

11 

3 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 43 

It is to be regretted that Troop D, although it has again won 
the trophy in the cavalry competition, returns 20 non-marksmen, 
— exactly the same number returned last year, — 25 per cent, of 
its total enrolment. 

Attention is called to the fact that, out of 473 officers allowed 
by law, 72 (over 15 per cent.) failed to realize the importance of 
setting an example to their men, and neglected to requalify. 



Honorable Mention. 

The field and staff of the Second Brigade, the First Regiment 
Heavy Artillery and the First Corps Cadets returned 100 per cent, 
efficients. 

The Fifth Regiment Infantry has made a remarkable improve- 
ment over last year, when it reported 125 unqualified men. This 
year it returns only 3 unqualified. Only 4 efficients failed to 
requalify. 

The following companies, having the maximum legal enrolment, 
have qualified every officer and man : — 

First Heavy Artillery, batteries A and E. 
Second Regiment Infantry, companies A, C, G and H. 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, companies A, F and G. 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, companies B, C and E. ' 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, companies C and I 

The following companies, having less than the maximum legal 
enrolment, have qualified every officer and man : — 

First Heavy Artillery, batteries D, I and M. 

Second Regiment Infantry, Company D. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry, companies B, C, D, E, H, I and M. 

Sixth Regiment Infantry, companies A, F and M. 

Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company K. 

Ninth Regiment Infantry, companies F and K. 

Companies A, C and D of the First Corps Cadets have qualified 
every officer and man. 

Thirty-four companies have qualified or requalified every officer 
and man. 

Fifty companies report 100 per cent, efficients. 



44 



ADJUTANT GENERAI/S EEPOKT. 



[Jan. 



Qualification Requirements. 
A new class, under the title of " expert marksman," was created 
this year, the prescribed qualification scores for which were as 

follows : — 

2 scores of 46 at 200 yards. 
2 scores of 47 at 500 yards. 
2 scores of 45 at 600 yards. 

An allowance was made of two points on each score for carbines ; 
scores to consist of 10 consecutive shots, with a possible total of 
50 points. 

The requirement adopted in 1901, that " requalification should 
mean requalifying in the highest class previously attained," was 
continued, and the results have justified the continuance of this 
rule. 

Figure of Merit. 

Ten points were allowed for each qualification in the new expert 
class, and one point for four scores fired without qualification or 
requalification ; otherwise, the allowance has been on the same 
basis as last year. 

The following table will show the increase in the figure of merit 
over last year, on a percentage basis : — 





Percentage, 
1901. 


Percentage, 
1902. 


Increase 


First Regiment, 


60.80 


63.55 


2.75 


Second Regiment, 






61.08 


65.81 


4.73 


Fifth Regiment, . 






48.93 


60.58 


11.65 


Sixth Regiment, . 






62.31 


66.06 


3.75 


Eighth Regiment, 






48.51 


51.60 


3.09 


Ninth Regiment, 






47.21 


50.26 


3.05 


First Corps Cadets, . 






72.89 


83.50 


10.61 


Second Corps Cadets, . 






48.85 


38.60 


10.25* 


Naval Brigade, . 






57.37 


53.18 


4.19* 


First Battalion Cavalry, 






43.35 


44.61 


1.26 


Troop F, 






52.59 


59.73 


7.14 


General staff, 






13.69 


10.52 


3.17* 


First Brigade staff, 






25.55 


37.50 


11.95 


Second Brigade staff, . 




36.66 


35.29 


1.37* 



* Decrease. 



The fact that the range at Marblehead, used by the Second Corps 
Cadets, was closed by the Salem authorities from the latter part of 
August to the close of the shooting season, will account in some 
measure for the poor showing made by this organization. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



45 



The second table shows the increase on account of additional 
points allowed in the expert class : — 





Percentage, 
1901. 


Percentage, 
1902. 


Increase. 


First Regiment, 


60.80 


67.30 


6.50 


Second Regiment, 






61.08 


70.70 


9.62 


Fifth Regiment, . 






48.93 


63.33 


14.40 


Sixth Regiment, . 






62.31 


69.54 


7.23 


Eighth Regiment, 






48.51 


54.99 


6.48 


Ninth Regiment, 






47.21 


50.53 


3.32 


First Corps Cadets, . 






72.89 


89.59 


16.70 


Second Corps Cadets, 






48.85 


39.76 


9.09* 


Naval Brigade, . 






57.37 


56.77 


.60* 


First Battalion Cavalry, 






43.35 


•48.85 


5.50 


Troop F, . 






52.59 


65.00 


12.41 


General staff, 






13.69 


10.52 


3.17* 


First Brigade staff, 






25.55 


52.50 


26.95 


Second Brigade staff, . 






36.66 


35.29 


- 1.35* 



* Decrease. 

The possible points (rifle only) of all these organizations, 
including general and headquarter staffs, were 27,800. 

The points actually made without extra allowance for expert 
qualifications were 16,360, — 58.85 per cent., a gain over 1901 of 
3.76 per cent. 

Adding 900 points earned by the expert qualifications gives a 
total of 17,260 points earned (as against 15,215 earned in 1901), 
or 62.08 per cent., — a gain over 1901 of 6.99 per cent. 



Money and Money Allowances. 

The scale of compensation adopted in 1901 was continued, with 
the addition of $3.50 for each qualification as expert marksman. 

Money allowance for revolver qualification or requalification was 
the same as last year. 

In addition to these allowances, sharpshooters failing to requalify, 
but having made the prescribed score at two distances, were allowed 
$1.50. First-class marksmen failing to requalify, but having made 
the prescribed score at either distance, were allowed $1. 

Provision was also made for enlisted men who left on account 
of expiration of term of service, money allowance in this case being 
made according to the class which they had attained. 

The money allowances have been as follows : — 



46 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



First Heavy Artillery, 

Second Regiment Infantry, 

Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 

Sixth Regiment Infantry, . 

Eighth Regiment Infantry, 

Ninth Regiment Infantry, 

First Corps Cadets, . 

Second Corps Cadets, 

Naval Brigade, . 

First Battalion Cavalry, 

Troop F, 

First Brigade, headquarters, 

Second Brigade, headquarters, 

Field and staff, First Battalion Light Artillery 

Battery B, First Battalion Light Artillery, 

Battery C, First Battalion Light Artillery, 

Battery A, unattached, .... 

Money allowance made in 1901, 
Increase in 1902, .... 



$1,284 50 

1,348 00 

1,104 00 

1,317 00 

908 50 

986 50 

544 50 

188 00 

715 50 

215 50 

126 50 

26 00 

15 50 

1 00 
12 50 

2 00 
17 00 

^8,812 50 
7,651 00 

^1,161 50 



It will be seen that the money allowance has been $1,161.50 more 
than in 1901, — an increase of $2,722.50 over 1900; but this 
increased expenditure has been amply justified by the results. 
The new expert class has stimulated great activity in rifle work, 
but of necessity has increased the expense very materially. 

The work of the year has been extremely satisfactory, but it is 
evident that more money will be required in order to maintain the 
present high standard. 

Decorations and Trophies. 
The usual military engravings with inscription plates have been 
issued to the winning teams in the corps competitions, also medals 
and cups to individual prize winners. There were 7,789 decora- 
tions issued, — 581 more than in 1901. 



Revolver Practice. 

Two hundred and sixty-eight officers and 156 enlisted men, 424 
in all, have qualified with the revolver, as against 328 in 1901, — 
a gain of 96. 

Every officer should own a revolver, and be able to make quali- 
fying scores with it. 

Enlisted men, who are entitled to be armed with these weapons, 
should be supplied with them at the State's expense. At present, 
396 officers and men own their revolvers. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



47 



Recapitulation. 



Enrolment, . 

Efficients, 

Unqualified members, 

Qualifications made, 

Money allowances, 

Marksmen of record who failed to requalify, 

Revolver qualifications, .... 

Decorations awarded, 



Number and*class of marksmen : — 
Distinguished marksmen, 
Sharpshooters, 
First class, . 
Second class, 
Third class, . 



1901. 


1903. 


5,523 


5,560 


5,005 


5,281 


518 


279 


4,592 


4,955 


£7,651 00 


$8,812 50 


413 


326 


328 


424 


7,208 


7,789 


98 


181* 


801 


854 


643 


671 


2,214 


2,302 


1,249 


1,273 



5,005 



5,281 



The State General Competitions. 

The State general rifle competition was held at Walnut Hill, 
Woburn, Wednesday, October 1 ; and the carbine competition at 
the same place, Wednesday, October 8. The weather conditions 
for the rifle competition were the worst possible ; the rain fell in 
torrents, and many of the men were drenched to the skin. The 
weather was very favorable for the carbine competition, with the 
exception of a puffy wind. 

For the first time the 200-yard range was eliminated from a 
State general rifle competition, and the match was shot at 500 and 
600 yards. 

It is gratifying to record that, in spite of the new conditions 
under which this match was shot, and the inclemency of the 
weather, 304 more points were made than last year at 500 yards, 
and 544 more than in 1899. Every organization shows an increase. 

The Walnut Hill range is poorly equipped for a competition of 
this size over long ranges, and the best results can never be attained 
until a range is provided having suitable accommodation for the 
large number of men who participate. 

The following officers detailed at the rifle competition are entitled 
to special mention : — 

Maj. John P. Lombard, surgeon, Ninth Regiment Infantry, 
Maj. Herbert A. Clark, A.I.G.R.P., Second Brigade. 
Maj. Frederick B. Carpenter, A.T.G.R.P., First Brigade. 



* " Expert marksmen." 



48 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Capt. Hugh Bancroft (who reported in place of Capt. Walter C. Ward- 
well), Second Brigade staff. 

Capt. Walter L. Sanborn; First Brigade staff. 

Capt. Charles T. Dukelow, paymaster, Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

Lieut. Jesse F. Stevens (who reported in place of Maj. Thomas Talbot), 
First Corps Cadets, statistical officer. 

Lieut. Walter C. Stevens, signal officer. 

The Second Regiment Infantry won the tri-color, with a score 
of 1,239 out of a possible 1,500 points, at 500 and 600 yards. 

The First Regiment Heavy Artillery was second, with a score 
of 1,237 points. 

The First Regiment Heavy Artillery, the Second, Sixth and 
Eighth Regiments of Infantry, and the First Corps Cadets, made 
over 80 per cent, of the possible score at the two ranges. 

The Fifth Regiment score is within 6 points of this percentage. 

In the cavalry competition, the guidon trophy was won by 
Troop D of Boston, with a score of 685 out of a possible 1,000 
points, at 200 and 500 yards. 

Troop A was second, with a score of 679. 

The following officers detailed for this competition are entitled 
to special mention : — 

Lieut. Arthur C. Scoboria, assistant surgeon, Troop F. 
Lieut. John M. Portal, I.R.P., First Heavy Artillery. 
Lieut. John T. Golden, I.R.P., Ninth Regiment Infantry. 
Lieut. John W. Hall, paymaster, First Battalron Cavalry. 
Lieut. Archibald McMillan, I.R.P., Sixth Regiment Infantry, statistical 
officer. 

Corps Competitions. 
The annual regimental and corps competitions of company teams 
were held as follows : — 

First Regiment Heavy Artillery, at Walnut Hill, October 14. 
Second Regiment Infantry, at Holyoke, August 27. 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, at Walnut Hill, October 13. 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, at Walnut Hill, September 22. 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, at Walnut Hill, October 8. 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, at Walnut Hill, October 17. 
First Corps Cadets, at Walnut Hill, October 18. 
Second Corps Cadets, at Indian Hill range, Lynn, October 16. 
Naval Brigade, at Walnut Hill, October 27. 

1 

The company teams consisted of 15 men, firing 10 shots each. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 49 



Interstate Competition. 

For the first time since 1889, a rifle team, representing the entire 
infantry arm, participated in the interstate competitions, which 
were held at Sea Girt, N. J , August 29 to September 26 inclusive. 

A special appropriation of $2,000 for the purpose was made by 
the Legislature, under chapter 91, Acts and Resolves of 1902. 

A team from Light Battery A was given permission to go to Sea 
Girt at its own expense, to compete for prizes offered in revolver 
competitions. 

The rifle team of 12 and 5 substitutes were selected from 43 
competitors (nominated by the commanding officers of six infantry 
regiments, two corps cadets and the Naval Brigade), after three 
preliminary matches had been shot with the Springfield rifle and 
three with the United States army service rifle. 

The following officers and men composed the team : — 

Maj. Warren E. Sweetser, Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

Capt. C. E. Hamilton, Company F, Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

Lieut. F. S. Perkins, Second Corps Cadets. 

Sergt. Maj. W. D. Huddleson, headquarters, First Regiment Heavy 

Artillery. 
Q. M. Sergt. S. G. Smith, headquarters, First Regiment Heavy Artillery. 
Col Sergt. A. T. Tornrose, headquarters, First Regiment Heavy Artillery. 
Sergt. C. D. Berg, Company L, Fifth Regiment Infantry. 
Sergt. James H. Keough, Company A, Sixth Regiment Infantry. 
Sergt. J. D. Upton, Company D, First Corps Cadets. 
Sergt. Stuart W. Wise, Company C, First Corps Cadets. 
Sergt. Freeman Hinckley, Company C, First Corps Cadets. 
Ord. A. R. Schulze, headquarters, First Regiment Heavy Artillery. 
Private W. T. Abbott, Company I, Eighth Regiment Infantry. 
Private J. W. Blake, Battery B, First Regiment Heavy Artillery. 
Private James C. Cadigon, Company M, Second Regiment Infantry. 
Private George M. Jefts, Company A, Sixth Regiment Infantry. 
Private M. W. Parker, First Corps Cadets. 

The officers of the team were : — 

Inspector General of Rifle Practice, team captain. 

Lieut. Col. Wm. H. Devine, medical director, Second Brigade, surgeon. 

Maj. Herbert A. Clark, A.LG.R.P., Second Brigade, adjutant. 

Maj. Frederick B. Carpenter, A.LG.R.P., First Brigade, quartermaster. 

Lieut. John M. Portal, I.R.P., First Heavy Artillery, team coach. 

The competitions at Sea Girt in which the team was entered 
were the " Hilton trophy " and the " Interstate." The other com- 
peting teams were from New York, New Jersey, District of 



50 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Columbia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, and the United States 
Army and United States Marine Corps. 

Massachusetts won fourth place in both matches. 



Scores. 
" Hilton trophy," 7 rounds, at 200, 500 and 600 yards 



New York, . 


. 1,137 


United States Marine Corps, 


1,073 


New Jersey, 


. 1,123 


Ohio, 


995 


District of Columbia, . 


. 1,100 


United States Army, . 


984 


Massachusetts, . 


. 1,076 


Maryland, .... 


974 


Pennsylvania, 


. 1,076 






" Interstate, 11 10 round 


3, at 200 and 500 yards : - 




New Jersey, 


. 1,082 


United States Marine Corps, 


1,044 


District of Columbia, . 


. 1,074 


Ohio, . . . . . 


1,017 


New York, . 


. 1,074 


United States Army, . 


1,006 


Massachusetts, . 


. 1,062 


Maryland, .' 


936 


Pennsylvania, 


. 1,051 







The Massachusetts men had never before used the Krag- 
Jorgensen rifle ; and the appropriation which made it possible for 
the team to be organized was passed by the Legislature so late in 
the season as to leave little time for the practice necessary to 
familiarize them with these rifles. 

The Sea Girt range was new to all but one or two of the men, 
and the unfamiliar surroundings and conditions militated somewhat 
against the attainment of the best results ; but, taking everything 
into consideration, the team did commendable work and should be 
highly praised, not only for its creditable shooting, but also for 
the excellent discipline maintained throughout the trip. v 

I wish to especially thank the officers of the team for their 
courtesy and able assistance. 

The benefit to the militia in the organization of this team was 
the great stimulus it gave to general rifle work. It could not but 
be helpful, and I hope the State will again be represented at Sea 
Girt in 1903. 

The team from Battery A, Light Artillery, won the revolver 
match for the third consecutive year, thereby securing permanent 
possession of the championship cup. This team has a remarkable 
record : organized in January, 1899, it has defeated 25 military 
teams and been defeated by none, besides winning the cup three 
years in succession. The team has led each year at the 25, 50 and 
75 yard ranges. 

The other revolver teams entered were from Squadron A, New 
York; Troop A, Maryland (two teams) ; City Troop of Phila- 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 51 

delphia ; Essex Troop, New Jersey ; and Fourth Regiment of New 
Jersey. 

Battery A's score was 540 out of a possible 750. 

The weather conditions could hardly have been worse, as the 
match was shot in a high wind. 

The team consisted of the following officers and men, — those 
whose names are marked with an asterisk shot at Sea Girt : — 



* Lieut. William Amory, 2d. 
Sergt. A. Blake. 

* Corp, R. S. Hale (team captain). 

* Priv. J. I. Chamberlain. 

* Priv. J. C. Cobb, Jr. 



Priv. B. S. Clark. 
* Priv Charles Walcott. 
Priv. Gardner Rogers. 
Priv. W. E. Putnam, Jr. 



Range Facilities. 

During the year new ranges have been constructed at Lawrence 
and Wakefield. One is now nearing completion at Waltham. 

The land which was bought last year by the city of Boston has 
not yet been fitted up as a rifle range, but it is to be hoped that 
the present city government will make the necessary appropriation 
for this purpose during 1903. 

No serious accidents have occurred during the year. 

Owing to reckless shooting by some members of Company H, 
Eighth Regiment, the range at Marblehead, used by the Second 
Corps Cadets and Company H, Eighth Regiment, was closed the 
latter part of August, and will not be reopened until proper safe- 
guards have been erected. 

Appropriations. 
For several years this department has struggled to keep within 
the bounds of an appropriation of $18,000 ; but, with the great 
interest which has developed in the last two years in rifle and 
revolver shooting, making a large increase in the number of decora- 
tions awarded and also in money allowances, besides the fact that 
pay and transportation for regimental and corps competitions are 
charged against the appropriation, this sum is entirely inadequate, 
and consequently the expense of conducting the department has 
exceeded the appropriation this year by $1,392.24. 

Recommendations . 
1. I most emphatically renew my recommendation of last year, 
that land be acquired by the Commonwealth, having area enough 
for extreme range and skirmish firing. There is no range at 
present sufficiently commodious for holding the State rifle com- 
petitions. 



52 ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S EEPOET. [Jan. 

2. I also renew my recommendation that regimental inspectors 
of rifle practice be given the rank of captain. The inspector of 
rifle practice who performs his full duty works fully as hard as 
a company commander, or a regimental adjutant, paymaster or 
quartermaster. 

3. I again recommend that the sum of $2,000 be appropriated 
to cover the expenses of a team of representative marksmen, who 
shall participate in the interstate competitions at Sea Girt, N. J., 
in 1903. 

4. That the appropriation for the use of this department for 
1903 be $20,000. 

5. That the office of major and Assistant Inspector General of 
Eifle Practice on the brigade staffs be abolished, and that there 
be added to the staff of the Commander-in-Chief two Assistant 
Inspectors General of Eifle Practice, with the rank of lieutenant 
colonel. 

6. That the Inspector General of Eifle Practice and his assist- 
ants be given authority to attend, with pay and transportation, 
regimental competitions, and to visit companies at their home 
stations at the discretion of the chief of the rifle department. 

7. That all enlisted men, required by law to be armed with 
revolvers, shall be immediately equipped with them at the expense 
of the State. 

The appendix to this report contains the records and statistics 
of the work of this department for the year. I again wish to 
commend Sergt. George E. Eussell, N.C.S., First Eegiment Heavy 
Artillery, for his efficient work in compiling these records. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JAS. G. WHITE, 

Colonel, Inspector General Rifle Practice. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 53 



REPORT ON JOINT MANOEUVRES AT FORT RILEY. 



Boston, Dec. 1, 1902. 
To the Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir:— By Special Orders, No. 108, A. G. O., Sept. 11, 1902, 
in response to the invitation of the War Department, the under- 
signed were detailed to observe and report upon the joint ma- 
noeuvres held Sept. 29 to Oct. 8, 1902, at Fort Riley, Kan. 

In pursuance of these orders, we left Boston on Thursday, 
September 25, arriving at Camp Root, Fort Riley, on Saturday, 
September 27, and reported to Maj. Gen. John C. Bates, U. S. A., 
commanding the manoeuvre division. We were assigned tents, 
furnished with mounts, and every facility afforded us, together 
with the representatives of twenty-four other States and Territories, 
for witnessing the operations. The usual method was to go out 
as an observation party under the guidance of a regular officer, 
but, as was frequently the case, visiting officers were invited by 
umpires to accompany them, thus affording opportunity for closer 
inspection of detachments of troops. 

Fort Riley and Composition of the Manoeuvre Division. 

The Fort Riley reservation lies in the Smoky Hill region, and 
covers an area of about thirty-five square miles. It is crossed 
from north-east to south-west by the Union Pacific Railroad, and 
within its bounds the Republican and Smoky Hill rivers converge 
into the Kansas River. The reservation has within its limits the 
unroofed but well-preserved walls of the first capitol- of Kansas, 
and a monument marking the (presumed former) geographical 
centre of the United States. The Fort Riley post is of modern 
construction, with all its numerous officers' quarters, barracks, 
stables, immense riding hall and beautiful chapel built of cream- 
colored stone, mostly rough-hewn. Occupying but a small portion 
of the reservation, its well-shaded drives and avenues, bordered 
by well-kept lawns, afford a striking contrast to the surrounding 
country. The terrain is admirably suited to the purpose for which 
the troops were assembled, except possibly for the fact that the 
hills are bare, the natural timber growth being wholly confined to 
the river and creek bottoms. The great height of the grass, 



54 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

however, in some parts of the reservation fully six feet, and the 
broken country, enabled troops to secure a good degree of shelter. 
The manoeuvre division was organized as follows : First Bat- 
talion of Engineers ; headquarters, band, First and Second squad- 
rons, Fourth Cavalry ; Third Squadron, Eighth Cavalry ; Sixth, 
Seventh, Nineteenth, Twentieth and Twenty-eighth batteries, 
Field Artillery ; headquarters, band, and twelve companies Sixth 
U. S. Infantry ; headquarters, band, and twelve companies Twenty- 
second U. S. Infantry ; headquarters, band, and Eighteenth U. S. 
Infantry, excepting Company L ; detachment Signal Corps ; de- 
tachment Hospital Corps ; two Regiments of Infantry and two 
batteries of Field artillery, Kansas National Guard ; Provisional 
Battalion, Colorado National Guard. The total number of troops 
assembled was between six and seven thousand. 

The Exercises and Problems. 

The problems had been carefully prepared by a board of officers, 
of which Col. Arthur L. Wagner, Assistant Adjutant General, 
U. S. A., was the chairman, and consisted of the following: 
" contact of opposing forces of all arms ; " " attack and defence 
of a convoy;" " outpost exercise, involving attack on outpost 
position ;" " advance and rear guard, with simulation of attack ; " 
" attack and defence of a position. " 

In addition to these, there were regimental and brigade drills of 
the National Guard troops. 

The schedule of exercises was seriously interfered with by the 
inclemency of the weather, a heavy rain storm raging during 
several days, which made it impracticable to order the troops into 
the open. 

There were talks on entrenchments, commissary, quartermaster 
and medical departments, and an especially notable lecture by 
Colonel Wagner, on " Strategy." The different types of field 
entrenchments were constructed by the Battalion of Engineers, 
which organization also constructed a modern field bridge, and 
threw a pontoon bridge, four hundred and fifty feet in length, 
across the Kansas River. 

The Camp. 

The- camp was carefully laid out about one mile from the post 
on well-selected ground, an abundance of water being furnished 
by pipes specially laid. Except, however, so far as superior 
equipment made it possible, it was felt that very little advance 
over the castramentation of our own troops was to be noted. The 
regulation allowance of wall tents was furnished for officers, and 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 55 

conical wall tents for enlisted men, at the rate of, for cavalry, ten 
men per tent, for field artillery, twelve men per tent, for infantry, 
twelve men per tent. The sinks were well located, and dug to a 
depth of about ten feet. They were burned out twice a day with 
hay saturated with petroleum, and following the burning a quantity 
of slack lime was thrown in. 

The Troops. 

The hospital corps pitched a model field hospital, and throughout 
the manoeuvres was very active, a relief station being always 
found directly in the rear of the reserves on the firing line, and, 
some distance in the rear, a dressing station. The field hospital 
was maintained in the encampment proper, the base hospital being 
in the post of Fort Riley. The health of the command was 
excellent during the entire tour of duty, which, for the regular 
troops, began September 20, after some of the units had marched 
several hundred miles to the reservation. 

The Signal Corps had the latest equipment in the line of 
heliographs, telephones, telegraph instruments, field search light, 
etc. Use was made in the manoeuvres of a non-insulated wire, 
which was rapidly laid along the ground, and made possible com- 
munication over widely separated portions of the field. 

The Engineer Battalion, under command of Maj. Smith S. 
Leach, presented a well-nigh complete organization in itself, 
having out of its four companies a large mounted detachment and 
very full equipment. The camp of this battalion was in every 
respect a model one. 

It is believed that, notwithstanding the large number of recruits 
and an unusual percentage of remounts, the smartness and efficiency 
of the mounted arms of the service, with its troops and batteries 
under command of young officers, has not been excelled. There 
was no point seemingly on the reservation not accessible by the 
cavalry and artillery. 

The infantry was solid and substantial, and performed its 
wonted duty of long marches, guard, etc., with most commend- 
able spirit. 

By reason of the rainy weather, the suffering of the public 
animals, wholly unprotected from the driving rain, must have been 
considerable. 

The Manoeuvres. 

The manoeuvres began on Monday, September 29, and continued 
daily, with the exception of such days as the rain prevented, until 
Wednesday, October 8. It was in these that a great advance over 
anything attempted by our forces, and for that matter heretofore 



56 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

by the army, was seen. The manoeuvre duties as far as practicable 
were performed precisely as if the assumed conditions actually 
existed. In the carrying out of the exercises the following were 
among the general rules observed : — 

The opposing forces were designated as the "Blue" and the 
" Brown," the former wearing blue uniform with campaign hats, 
the latter wearing khaki or brown canvas fatigue suits. All 
troops marched fully armed and equipped, and carried ten blank 
revolver and twenty blank carbine or rifle cartridges, unless 
otherwise ordered from headquarters. All reports, itineraries and 
sketches, the latter usually on a scale of three inches to the mile, 
were submitted as prescribed by Army Regulations for time of 
war. Great care was taken before leaving camp to have cartridge 
belts inspected, and a second inspection took place when the units 
arrived at the designated position for the beginning of the ex- 
ercises. There was no case of wounding by ball ammunition during 
the manoeuvres, although a large amount of such ammunition was 
in the possession of soldiers for the performance of guard duty, 
etc. 

Commanding officers designated in general terms the object of 
the artillery fire and the force to be used ; but the exact position 
and manner of using the guns were left to the battery commanders, 
thus placing upon them the responsibility for the proper handling 
of batteries and for the violation of proper principles. The range 
of the fire of all arms was indicated and made a matter of record 
by the umpires. 

During the exercises, artillery firing on cavalry displayed the 
yellow flag ; when firing on dismounted cavalry or infantry, a white 
flag ; when firing on the enemies' artillery, a red flag. 

The Umpires. 

There were numerous umpires accompanying the troops, and 
they were easily distinguishable by a white band on the left arm. 
Their instructions were in brief these : — 

That firing by opposing parties would be discontinued at one 
hundred yards. 

That they should be early on the scene, especially in cases of 
cavalry attack, as otherwise it might be difficult to judge. In 
adjudging the result, the situation of the enemy, the execution of 
the attack and the consideration of the respective strengths were 
important. 

That whenever the phases of the exercises required suspension 
in the movement, the umpire, recognizing the necessity, would 
cause a trumpeter to sound " Cease firing," " Halt," " Attention ; " 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 57 

and the signal should be taken up by the other trumpeters, and all 
concerned should cease firing, halt, and remain in their positions 
until the signal "Commence Firing," " Forward, " was given; 
and that these signals for suspension and resumption of move- 
ments would be sounded whether there be any firing or not. 

It was further laid down that umpires, while endeavoring to 
give correct decisions, should give them promptly, and that they 
must immediately be accepted without remark, but, should an. 
officer deem them erroneous or unfair, he could appeal in writing, 
giving his reasons, after the completion of the exercises. 

The umpires were assembled during the afternoon of the day of 
an exercise, and the chief umpires submitted written reports to 
the Adjutant General before 9 a.m. on the following day. 

Meetings of the officers were held in the large mess tent in the 
evening, and at these meetings reports of the commanders of the 
opposing forces, reports of the chief umpires, and criticisms upon 
the operations, were read. Any officer having filed a protest 
against the decision of an umpire was also heard at this time, and 
a general discussion, under proper restrictions, was permitted. 

Further Conditions controlling the Exercises. 

The great range of the modern arms became at once a con- 
spicuous feature of the manoeuvres. It was ruled that cavalry 
could not move at a walk when exposed to the fire of artillery at 
less than twenty-five hundred yards, and that a column fired upon 
by artillery at less than that distance must at once deploy or move 
at rapid gait; that artillery cannot come into action against 
infantry, or dismounted cavalry fire, within eight hundred yards, 
excepting under favorable circumstances, as, for instance, those 
afforded by effectual cover ; this, however, would not prevent it 
from accompanying advancing lines under cover of their fire to a 
decisive attack, but it should not be able to unlimber at all within 
six hundred yards of the enemy. 

That at ranges of one thousand yards artillery can hold out 
against dismounted skirmish fire, but should strong skirmish lines 
succeed in approaching to within six hundred yards of the guns 
without the latter being sufficiently protected by infantry or 
dismounted cavalry and proper cover, the artillery must retire 
promptly or be adjudged unfit to move ; and that artillery cannot 
move into action against artillery already in action at less than 
twelve hundred yards, unless enabled so to do by effectual infantry 
or dismounted cavalry fire, or by ample cover. 

That infantry or dismounted cavalry when exposed to the fire 
of similar arms can appear in attack formation only within less 



58 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

than eight hundred yards ; and that any flank movement made in 
the open without cover, when so exposed, must be decided to the 
disadvantage of the troops thus moving. 

That over a zone swept by dismounted fire at this distance 
troops can move backward and forward and in attack formations 
only. An uncovered halt made for any length of time within this 
zone would necessitate an umpire's decision. 

Whenever in the manoeuvres an approach was gained without 
discovery to within less than one hundred yards, capture was made 
by giving the command " Halt," "Surrender," and no shots were 
permitted at such short ranges. 

Results. 

The exercises made evident the advantage of wearing a non- 
conspicuous uniform by the troops, and the value of seeking 
cover, — something not always done when the element of danger 
is lacking. Frequently the first discovery of the enemy came 
about by the flashing of the sun upon a sword scabbard or waist 
belt, which would seem to be good cause for the adoption of dull 
metal for these and other portions of the field equipment. 

The lack of easy communication with and control of the two 
wings of even a single regiment, and that in open country, early 
became apparent ; and it was the unanimous opinion that the 
commander of an infantry regiment should have at least eighteen 
mounted staff officers and orderlies to carry orders to different 
points of the line. This would also obviate the necessity of heavy 
details from the cavalry. 

As may be surmised, there was very little of the " sham battle " 
in the exercises, no actual collision of opposing forces, frequent 
suspension of hostilities, and in parts of the theatre of operations 
no enemy seen and no ammunition expended. The careful prepara- 
tion, generally ample terrain, intelligent orders, fire control, suffi- 
cient umpires clothed with proper authority, reports of the 
operations and the able criticisms thereon, — all contributed to 
place the work upon the highest plane of excellence. It is 
believed that in the model thus furnished, for the State forces at 
least, the greatest value of this year's work is to be found. 

Should legislation enable our State troops to participate with 
the army in manoeuvres of this sort, it could not fail to be of great 
benefit to both organizations. 

Not the least enjoyable and profitable experience was had in the 
interchange of views with the representatives of other States, 
bringing more vividly to our attention the present great disparity 
in the support accorded the different military establishments. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 59 

Our own Commonwealth being rightly considered one of the most 
liberal and progressive, its representatives were called upon often 
to give detailed information concerning the organization and 
equipment of its forces. 

Resolutions adopted by Visiting Officers. 

As voicing the sentiment of the assembled officers, the following 
resolutions were adopted at the close of the manoeuvres : — 

Whereas, We, the undersigned, officers of the National Guard of the 
various States of the Union, detailed by the government of the respective 
States, twenty-two States and two Territories being here represented, in 
compliance with the request of the Honorable Secretary of War, to 
witness the manoeuvres of the Regular Army and National Guard 
forces, assembled in camp of instruction at Camp Root, Fort Riley, Kan., 
having observed the different military problems ; therefore be it 

Resolved, First, that we desire to thank the Honorable Secretary of 
War for permitting us to witness the manoeuvres, from which we have 
derived so much benefit. 

Second, that we desire to express our thanks to Maj. Gen. John C. 
Bates, U. S. A., commander of the manoeuvre division, and his staff, for 
their unfailing courtesies to us at all times, thus enabling us to perform 
our tours of duty most satisfactorily. 

Third, that we desire to thank Col. Arthur L. Wagner, Assistant 
Adjutant General, U. S. A., chief umpire, for the instruction he has 
given us, for his able discussion of the various problems, and for his 
most practical and brilliant lecture on military strategy. 

Fourth, we desire further to commend the policy of the national 
government, as indicated by this camp of instruction, and for its efforts 
to bring in closer contact the Regular Army and National Guard force ; 
and we trust that these joint manoeuvres may be continued annually. 

Fifth, that these resolutions be engrossed, one copy to be forwarded 
to the Honorable Secretary of War, one to Maj. Gen. John C. Bates, 
U. S. A., and one to Col. Arthur L. Wagner, Assistant Adjutant General, 
U.S.A. 

Personal Acknowledgments. 
To General Bates and every officer of his staff the representatives 
from this State are indebted for numberless acts of courtesy ; and 
they also found the readiest and most hearty fulfilment of the 
verbal statement made by the commanding officer, — that every 
facility would be given by officers generally to enable us to obtain 
information concerning the work in hand. With the representa- 
tives from other States and Territories, an earnest and enthusiastic 
body of officers of much experience and long service, our relations 
were uniformly most pleasant. It is deemed a high privilege to 
have been permitted, with them, to attend these initial manoeuvres. 



60 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPOKT. [Jan. 



Inclosures. 

Accompanying this report is a map of Fort Riley reservation, 
and Circular No. 1, headquarters manoeuvre division, containing 
conditions governing the exercises, and of which extensive use has 
been made in preparing our report; also Circular No. 2, instruc- 
tions for framing detachment orders, compiled mainly from those 
formerly prepared at the cavalry and light artillery school at Fort 
Riley, and the problems in detail, together with the report of the 
chief umpire. 

Very respectfully, 

JOPHANUS H. WHITNEY, 

Brigadier General, Second Brigade, M. V. M. 

CHAS. K. DARLING, 

Colonel, Sixth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 61 



REPORTS OF COMMANDING OFFICERS, 



Headquarters First Brigade, M. V. M., 
Boston, Mass., Dec. 4, 1902. 

The Adjutant General, State of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that, in compliance with 
General Orders No. 9, current series, A. G. O., the organizations 
making up this brigade, with the exception of the First Regiment 
Heavy Artillery, held their annual encampment at South Framing- 
ham, June 7 to 14, inclusive, the first day, June 7, being con- 
sidered as the annual drill. The First Regiment Heavy Artillery, 
by permission of the United States government, performed its 
tour of State duty at Fort Rodman, New Bedford, Mass., and 
Newport, R. I. 

The weather conditions at South Framingham were good, the 
camp ground in excellent condition, the water supply abundant; 
and the health of the brigade, as shown by the medical director's 
report, was remarkably good. 

The routine of duty, as prescribed by General Orders Nos. 2 and 
3 from these headquarters, was faithfully carried out. Col. 
Embury P. Clark, commanding the Second Regiment Infantry, 
with Col. Charles K. Darling, commanding the Sixth Regiment 
Infantry, with the permission of the brigade commander performed 
the larger part of their duty outside the reservation, in the open 
country on an extensive piece of rough land within three miles of 
the camp ground ; the work done by them was in extended order, 
and of the most practical character. 

His Excellency the Governor Hon. Winthrop Murray Crane, 
honored the camp by a visit Friday, June 13, accompanied by his 
staff, members of the council and other distinguished visitors. 
The day was designated as a general visiting day, the public gain- 
ing admission by means of a special pass. A review was tendered 
the Commander-in-Chief by the brigade commander, which passed 
off in an acceptable manner, and was witnessed by an immense 
number of people. 



62 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [elan. 

Sunday, as usual, was considered as a day of rest in camp ; 
drills were suspended and visitors excluded ; an inspection was 
made by the commanding officers of the various sub-divisions of 
the brigade, followed by the usual religious services conducted by 
the regimental chaplains. In this connection I desire to endorse 
officially the methods adopted by the Young Men's Christian 
Association at this encampment for the social and religious im- 
provement of the men. A large tent was provided at the associa- 
tion's expense, which was open at all times from sunrise until 
tattoo, and every facility for social intercourse and amusement 
furnished without expense to any and all who desired to avail 
themselves of the privilege. I trust the custom may be continued 
from year to year, for the good influence it has on the encampment. 

The rations provided by the State were abundant in quantity 
and excellent in quality. The system, inaugurated three years 
since, perfected as it has been by the Commissary General, Gen. 
F. W. Wellington, I do not think can be improved upon, and I 
trust it may be continued in the future. 

There was a marked improvement in the personal appearance 
both of officers and men over the encampment of last year, a much 
greater uniformity in dress prevailing ; the instructions as laid 
down by brigade orders as a rule were carefully followed. 

Military courtesy was fair only, but an improvement over that 
of the last encampment. A very great improvement was made in 
the manner in which guard duty was performed. The constant 
supervision by Maj. Fred B. Carpenter, Assistant Inspector 
General of Rifle Practice, seconded by the efforts of regimental, 
battalion and company officers, produced a most excellent effect. 
The result was that guard duty as a whole was performed in a 
more soldierly manner than I have ever seen it at any previous 
brigade encampment. 

The quarters of both the officers and men were not kept in the 
condition they should have been ; they did not present a military 
appearance, too much furniture and needless personal baggage 
being very much in evidence. 

Very respectfully yours, 

Thos. R. Mathews, 

Brigadier General. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 63 

Headquarters First Regiment Heavy Artillery, M. V. M., 
Boston, Dec. 15, 1902. 

The Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor herewith to submit my report on the 
operations of this command at Fort Rodman, Mass., and forts 
Adams and Greble, R. I., in connection with the combined army 
and navy manoeuvres, Aug. 30 to Sept. 6, 1902, inclusive, in which 
the regiment participated on the recommendation of the Chief of 
Artillery, and by request of the Honorable Secretary of War, 
approved by His Excellency the Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief. The tour was governed by General Orders, No. 9, and 
Special Orders, No. 88, A. G. O., Massachusetts ; General Orders, 
No. 1, headquarters Artillery District of Narragansett ; and 
General Orders, Nos. 4 and 5, regimental headquarters, — all of 
the current series. Copies of the two last-named orders are 
incorporated with this report as enclosures. I regret that the 
limitation of space compels me merely to summarize herein the 
comprehensive reports of majors Dyar and Nutter, commanding 
respectively the detachments of the regiment stationed at forts 
Adams and Greble. 

It gives me much satisfaction to report that active interest in 
the work of the command was shown by Secretary Root ; by 
Assistant Secretary Sanger, who inspected and reviewed the bat- 
teries of the regiment stationed at Fort Rodman, and visited Major 
Dyar's command at Fort Adams ; by Major General MacArthur, 
commanding the Department of the East, Brigadier General 
Crozier, Chief of Ordnance, Colonel Randolph, Chief of Artillery, 
and Colonel Hasbrouck, commanding the Artillery District of 
Narragansett, under whose immediate command the regiment 
served during the manoeuvres. An official letter from the last- 
named officer is appended to this report. The regiment is indebted 
to all of these gentlemen for substantial encouragement and 
assistance, and their commendation of its performance of the duty 
assigned to it will exert a marked influence on its work in the 
immediate future. 

1. Preliminary Training. — From lack of early and definite in- 
formation as to the precise sort of duty to be- required from the 
command, it was found impossible to prescribe, in advance of the 
manoeuvres, the detailed course of training which would have been 
desirable. The order detaching the regiment for the manoeuvres 
was issued on July 24, and definite assignments to gun stations 
and other garrison duties could not be made until August 7. 
Under these conditions, the work at home stations necessarily 



64 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

adhered to the lines laid down in the year preceding, save that the 
issue to each battery of a comprehensive artillery library, with 
other artillery equipment purchased under the appropriation made 
by chapter 43, Resolves of 1902, enabled the officers and non- 
commissioned officers of the several 'batteries to acquire a general 
working knowledge of the duties of the coast artillery, prior to 
reporting at their respective posts. As a matter of record, it 
should be stated that seven distinct types of gun — the 8 and 10 
inch B. L. rifle, 12 inch B. L. mortar, 1, 6 and 15 pounder R. F. 
gun and .45 gatling — were served intelligently and effectively, 
during the manoeuvres, by the men of this regiment. Range 
finders and signalmen also were furnished by the command, 
together with details for post guards and patrols ; while the 
exigencies of the service required the performance of a consider- 
able amount of infantry duty, in meeting threatened or actual 
attacks by landing parties from the fleet. 

2. Mobilization. — Headquarters, batteries A, B, C, D, G, H, 
K and L, left Boston by special troop train at 9.30 a.m., Satur- 
day, August 30, being joined en route by batteries E, F, I and M. 
The detachment for Fort Rodman reached its post at 12.15 p.m., 
that for Fort Adams at 12.45 p.m., and that for Fort Greble at 
2 p.m. Though by orders the baggage allowance was reduced to 
the minimum the absence of any knapsack or pack for the effects 
of the enlisted men rendered necessary the transportation of the 
garrison lockers belonging to each battery, — a formidable bulk of 
material in the aggregate. 

3. Strength Present. — The manoeuvres were ordered for a most 
inopportune time of the year for militia troops, coming at the close 
of the vacation and opening of the fall business seasons. In 
spite of this fact, the strength reporting for duty was unprecedent- 
edly large, as indicated by the appended return, in which are 
included 7 officers and men detached for duty at Sea Girt, N. J., 
during the period. Of the strength below returned, 172 officers 
and enlisted men (20 per cent.) were in the regular or volunteer 
service in 1898, and thus were familiar with the routine of an 
artillery post under war conditions. To this seasoned nucleus 
should be attributed the undoubted efficiency developed by the 
command during its operations. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



65 



First Heavy Artillery, M. V. M. (Strength present, by Days, at 
Manoeuvres, Aug. 30 to Sept. 6, 1902.) 





1st. 


2<A. 


3d. 


4th. 


5th. 


6th. 


7th. 


8th. 


Headquarters, 


70 


70 


69 


71 


71 


71 


71 


71 


Battery A, 


62 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


62 


Battery B, 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


Battery C, ' . 


52 


53 


54 


54 


55 


55 


55 


55 


Battery D, 


59 


63 


63 


62 


61 


61 


61 


61 


Battery E, 


61 


61 


61 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


Battery F, 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


60 


61 


60 


Battery G, 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


Battery H, . . 


59 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


61 


Battery I, 


56 


61 


61 


62 


62 


61 


62 


62 


Battery K, . 


56 


58 


60 


61 


61 


59 


59 


59 


Battery L, 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


Battery M, . 


61 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


62 


61 


Present,. 


785 


804 


806 


810 


810 


805 


806 


801 


Absent, .... 


33 


21 


19 


14 


13 


20 


19 


24 


Present and absent, 


818 


825 


825 


824 


823 


825 


825 


825 


Per cent, present, . 


95.9 


97.4 


97.7 


98.3 


98.4 


97.6 


97.7 


97.1 



There also were present for duty with the command, though 
not included in the preceding return, the following officers: At 
Fort Rodman, Lieut. Col. George H. Benyon, A. I. C, Mass., 
Capt. John S. Keenan, retired list, M. V. M., and Second Lieut. 
Charles H. Keene, Ambulance Corps, M. V. M. ; at Fort Adams, 
First Lieut. John S. Hart, assistant surgeon, Sixth Infantry, 
M. V. M. Capt. William O. Webber, engineer officer, First 
Brigade, M. V. M., was originally assigned to duty with regi- 
mental headquarters at Fort Rodman, but on his own request was 
transferred to Fort H. G-. Wright, at which post he served 
throughout the manoeuvres. His excellent report on the opera- 
tions coming under his immediate observation has doubtless been 
forwarded to your office through brigade headquarters. 

4. Operations at Fort Rodman. — The detachment for duty at 
this post consisted of headquarters, band, and batteries A, B, C, 
D, I and K. On arrival at the post I immediately assumed 
the tactical command, relieving First Lieut. John S. Johnston, 
Artillery Corps, U. S. A., there stationed with a detachment 
made up from the seventy-second and one hundred and ninth 
companies, U. S. Coast Artillery. Lieutenant Johnston was 



66 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

assigned to duty as assistant ordnance and range officer, while the 
men of his command were relieved from post guard duty, and 
distributed among the men of the militia batteries, at the several 
emplacements. Lieutenants Clark, U. S. N., -and Tschappat, 
Ordnance Department, U. S. A., reported to me as naval and 
military umpires respectively for the post, and were assigned to 
quarters with my staff. 

Much had been done towards placing the post in a condition of 
defence, and the equipment was fairly satisfactory. There were 
available thirteen guns, of all types and calibres, with a reasonable 
ammunition supply in store in the service magazines. The fire 
commander's station was equipped with a Lewis depression range 
finder (type A), and was in communication by long-distance 
telephone with the district commander's headquarters at Fort 
Adams. The local communications, connecting the fire com- 
mander's station with the several emplacements, consisted of the 
telephone, telautograph and megaphone. Two search lights (36 
and 30 inch) had been installed, with the controlling mechanism 
in the fire commander's station. Theoretical channel obstructions 
had been plotted by the U. S. Engineers, of which charts were 
provided for the information of the post commander. 

The augmented garrison immediately entered upon the routine 
duty prescribed by G. O., No. 5, regimental headquarters, to which 
particular attention is invited. On Sunday, August 31, the entire 
day was devoted to drill and other necessary preparatory work ; 
and such satisfactory progress was made that I was enabled at 
midnight to report by wire to the district commander that range 
and signal stations had been established, salvo points for night 
firing had been plotted, and that all guns were manned, loaded 
and ready for immediate action. In this connection I desire to 
mention by name the field officers and battery commanders whose 
earnest and systematic work made possible this result, and to 
commend without reservation Lieutenant Colonel Woodman, Major 
Quinby and captains Frothingham, Lombard, Howes, Horton, 
Nostrom and Fullerton. During the entire period of the ma- 
noeuvres the interest displayed by officers and men alike was in 
the highest degree commendable. For all duties the garrison was 
organized into three reliefs, and all guns and special duty stations 
were kept manned and ready both by day and by night. In spite 
of the strain of unbroken watching and the monotony of constant 
drill, it actually was found that the men left their posts with 
reluctance on the arrival of their reliefs. 

The range-finding system of the post was under supervision of 
First Lieut. Willard M. Foster, adjutant of the Second Battalion, 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 67 

by whom were organized the battery details for this most important 
duty. He also was stationed with the senior fire commander 
during the attack on the post, and kept the several emplacements 
constantly supplied with the data required for the accurate and 
rapid service of the guns. A home signal station, together with 
outlying stations at Mishaum Point and Round Hill, respectively 
six and one-half and four miles from the post, were established by 
Second Lieut. Frederick Spenceley of Battery D. These stations 
were fully equipped with flag, torch, heliograph, acetylene lamp 
and rocket apparatus, as well as with telescopes and field glasses, 
and they rendered timely notice of all hostile movements. I desire 
highly to commend both of these officers for untiring and most 
efficient work. 

Shortly before midnight, on Tuesday, September 2, the approach 
of a hostile squadron was signalled from the outlying stations. 
No vessel, however, entered the electric light area of the post dur- 
ing the night, and the garrison was not turned out. At daybreak 
on the 3d the squadron was indentified as that of Rear- Admiral 
Coghlan, U. S. N., consisting of the U. S. F. S. " Olympia " and 
U. S. S. "Brooklyn," " Puritan," " Montgomery," "Mayflower," 
" Gloucester," " Aileen," " Leyden " and " Peoria." At 7.33 a.m. 
the squadron was observed to be advancing to the attack, and 
"To arms" was immediately sounded. At 7.40 a.m. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Woodman and Major Quinby reported their respective 
fire commands as ready for action, with full reliefs and supports 
in position. The first shot from the post was fired at 8.05 a.m., at 
a range of 8,500 yards, and from this time until 12.15 p.m. when 
"Cease fire "was sounded, the guns were served continuously. 
The actual number of rounds fired by the guns of the post waa 
364, while the theoretical number credited under the rules govern- 
ing the manoeuvres was 6,182. The fire from the squadron was 
extremely heavy, since its vessels mounted 144 guns of all types 
and calibres. The attack of Admiral Coghlan, which was made 
in two columns, was ably planned and cleverly executed. The 
defence was methodically conducted, and followed absolutely the 
prearranged plan provided for in orders. An attempt at a land- 
ing, made by the " Aileen," was beaten off by the post guard, re- 
inforced by men from the gun reliefs not actively engaged, and by 
the gatling detachment. During the entire engagement the fire of 
the post was absolutely under control. Each gun was accurately 
laid for range and direction, and the data for each shot were 
recorded in full detail. There were no injuries, which speaks much 
for the self-control of the men and the watchfulness of their 
officers, under the stress of no little excitement. No public 



68 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

decision has been rendered as to the result of the action by the 
board of arbitration to which were submitted the records kept 
by both the attack and the defence, and, for perfectly obvious 
reasons, it is probable that the findings of that board will be kept 
secret. 

Though the rules laid down for the manoeuvres contemplated the 
delivery of both a day and a night attack on each artillery post in 
the district included in the operations, this programme was not 
adhered to at Fort Rodman, doubtless because of the extra haz- 
ardous nature of the water area commanded by its guns. The 
injuries received by the " Brooklyn " during the daylight attack of 
the 3d served as a deterrent on further squadron evolutions of this 
post. The fort was kept fully manned and keenly on the alert, 
however, until the hour set for the official close of the manoeuvres, 
noon of September 6. The only variation in the routine of the 
post, after the attack above noted, occurred on the afternoon of 
the 5th, when the garrison was turned out by the sounding of 
"To arms," and a few rounds were fired from each battery, in 
order that Generals Dalton, Mathews and Whitney, M. V. M., 
then visiting the post, might witness the operation of the system 
of defence. 

5. Operations at Fort Adams. — The detachment of the regiment 
assigned to Fort Adams consisted of batteries G, H and L, under 
command of Major Dyar. Both he and his battery commanders -r— 
captains Chick, Whiting and Pratt — are entitled to commendation 
for their efficient performance of duty at this post. During the 
greater part of the tour the detachment had but 1 man absent, or 
over 99 per cent, for duty. 

The duty originally arranged for this detachment had to be 
modified, owing to the unexpected adoption of the rule permitting 
landing parties during the manoeuvres. The weakness of the 
regular. garrison compelled the post commander, under these condi- 
tions, to draw heavily upon the militia for infantry outposts and 
patrols. This duty, though unwelcome, was cheerfully and effi- 
ciently performed. 

A detachment for one 10 inch B. L. rifle was furnished by 
Battery L, while batteries G and H each were drawn upon for one 
detachment for the service of the 12 inch B. L. mortar. The 
heavy draft upon the strength of the batteries made it impossible 
to supply these detachments with the magazine details required. 
All the signal work of the post was performed by details from the 
militia, consisting of nine enlisted men, under supervision of 
lieutenants Grant, French and Hill. The detachment also manned 
the range-finding station at Brenton's Point, with a permanent 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. .., 69 

detail of 1 sergeant and 3 privates. The command also was drawn 
upon for outposts at Price's Neck and Castle Hill, respectively of 
23 and 12 men each. These outposts were relieved once in twenty- 
four hours. 

The detachment was very actively engaged at various periods 
during the manoeuvres. The first call to arms was sounded at 
12.22 a.m., September 1, when the mortar batteries engaged a 
reconnoitering squadron. A second alarm, which proved ground- 
less, was sounded at 3.52 a.m. on the same date. At 4.20 p.m., 
on September 4, a forced march of three miles was made to Price's 
Neck, to repel a threatened landing. During this operation the 
men were caught in a drenching shower, and were wet to the skin. 
On this same evening the outposts at Price's Neck and Castle Hill 
were strongly re-inforced by detachments respectively under the 
command of Captain Whiting and Lieutenant Bouve\ At 2.50 p.m. , 
on the 5th, Major Dyar, with all the available men of his com- 
mand, including even the gun and mortar detachments, was ordered 
again. to Price's Neck, to oppose a landing by boat parties from 
the U. S. S. ''Montgomery" and " Mayflower." This duty was 
handsomely performed, and it was decided by the umpires on the 
spot that the attacking force was annihilated. A second but 
groundless alarm came from this same outpost later in the evening. 
At 9.40 p m., also on the 5th, the post was attacked in force by 
the heavier ships of Rear Admiral Higginson's squadron, and the 
militia was actively engaged. The infantry reserve from the 
battalion was posted under cover at the water's edge, and success- 
fully repulsed an attempted dash upon the post by the steam 
launches of the squadron. 

The discipline of the command was excellent, and its camp was 
kept thoroughly policed. The men cheerfully met the exacting 
demands made upon them, and won the commendation of Colonel 
Hasbronck, commanding the district and post. 

6. Operations at Fort Greble. — Major Nutter, with batteries 
E, F and M of his battalion, was assigned to Fort Greble, report- 
ing to the district commander through Major McClellan, Artillery 
Corps, U. S. A., in command at that post. His detachment 
thoroughly carried out the duties assigned to it, for which I desire 
to commend both him and his battery commanders, — captains 
Danforth, Cibbs and Fuller. 

As was the case at Fort Adams, the work originally planned for 
this detachment had to be materially modified, to meet the unex- 
pected conditions imposed by the rules finally adopted for the 
government of the manoeuvres. The requirements of the local 
defence problem demanded from the detachment a minimum of 



70 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

artillery work proper, while exacting far more of infantry duty 
than had been anticipated. 

A permanent detachment from Battery M was assigned to 
service with the directing gun of the 10 inch B. L. rifle battery, 
while detachments from batteries E and F manned one piece each 
in the 12 inch B. L. mortar pits. One corporal and 2 privates 
from each battery, an aggregate detail of 9 men, were assigned 
for duty with the signal system of the post, with an outlying 
station at Beaver Tail Light and a home station at Fort Greble. 
Lieutenant Curtin, regimental signal officer, was attached to the fire 
commander's station, and also acted as assistant post signal officer. 

On Sunday, August 31, Major Nutter was instructed by the 
post commander to organize the portion of his detachment not 
otherwise assigned, for the purpose of preventing interruption by 
landing parties. After a careful study of the post and its water 
approaches, he made his dispositions for meeting any one of the 
four probable attacks, and at each call to arms thereafter his men 
promptly and without confusion assembled at their designated 
posts. 

This post, contrary to common expectation, was not seriously 
attacked. As a flank defence of Fort Adams, it was at various 
times engaged at long range with the vessels of Admiral Higgin- 
son's squadron during his operations against that post, but no 
attempt at reducing or running past the batteries at Fort Greble 
was made. The intermittent presence of the hostile fleet, however, 
kept the garrison constantly on the alert, and its men were turned 
out under arms on over ten separate occasions. To the regret of 
the detachment assigned to the infantry defence, no landing from 
the fleet was attempted or even threatened. 

The discipline of this command was admirable, and but one 
case required attention from the summary court. The strength 
of the detachment was notable, over 99 per cent, of its enrolment 
being present for duty during the greater portion of the tour. 
There being no regular band at this post, the regimental corps of 
field musicians was assigned for duty with this command. 

7. In General. — Excluding the conditions prevailing at Fort 
Rodman, the late tour was not so profitable, from a strictly 
artillery standpoint, as that of the year preceding, when the 
establishment of a semi- permanent camp of instruction for three 
weeks made it possible to secure uniform and progressive develop- 
ment in each of the twelve batteries. This was foreseen, and 
under the conditions of the manoeuvres it was unavoidable. It is 
felt that the compensating advantages have more than made good 
this defect. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 71 

In common with those of the regular coast artillery, the officers 
of this command were enabled by their experiences during the 
manoeuvres to read just their ideas of relative naval and artillery 
values. Though the majority of them had war service at artillery 
posts, they yet were able to add much to their knowledge of the 
practical working of range-finding systems, search lights, and local 
communications for fire direction and control. This experience, 
which should prove of the utmost practical value, could have been 
obtained in no other way. 

It is earnestly hoped that manoeuvres of this nature may become 
an annual fixture, and that Congress may be led to appropriate the 
comparatively moderate sums required therefor. It is suggested, 
however, that the problem for solution in each year be determined 
upon and announced at a time in advance of active operations 
sufficient to insure adequate preparation. This especially applies 
in the case of militia participating in such manoeuvres. Though 
this command, during the late operations, performed its assigned 
duties in a manner which called forth the commendation of the 
regular officers of high rank under whose observation it came, it 
is yet felt that its value as a factor in the general scheme of defence 
might have been materially increased had its commanding officer 
been supplied with precise information as to the duties to be re- 
quired from its several fractions at least three — and, had it been 
practicable, six — months prior to the tour. Had this been the 
case, a systematic and progressive course of special instruction 
might have been prescribed for each battery, with obvious results 
in the direction of increased efficiency. 

The assignment of heavy drafts from the regiment to infantry 
work, though much regretted, was unavoidable. It is hoped, how- 
ever, that in future similar manoeuvres this may not be required. 
The annual ordered tour affords this command its only opportunity 
for practical application of its artillery knowledge, and any inter- 
ruption with its artillery work is to be deplored. It is suggested 
that opportunity be given for the employment of militia infantry 
in coming manoeuvres. The participation of this arm in the vital 
work of coast defence has hitherto failed to receive the attention 
demanded by its importance. 

In closing this report, it affords me the deepest satisfaction to 
express to you, sir, my full appreciation of your interest and 
assistance in the preparatory work incident to the late tour of this 
command. 

Very respectfully, 

James A. Frye, 
Colonel, First Artillery \ Massachusetts. 



72 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



[Fip.st Enclosure.] 

Artillery District of Narragansett, 

Fort Adams, R. I., Sept. 7, 1902. 

Col. James A. Frye, Commanding First Heavy Artillery, M. V. M. 

Sir: — The district commander directs me to inform you that the 
excellent conduct and efficient service of your regiment, in the Artil- 
lery District of Narragansett, during the combined army and navy 
manoeuvres, is appreciated and acknowledged. 

The defence of New Bedford, which devolved upon six of your com- 
panies under your immediate command, was ably and satisfactorily 
conducted, and the best use was made of the means of defence at your 
disposal. 

Major Dyar's battalion at Fort Adams and Major Nutter's at Fort 
Greble gave most valuable assistance to the defence of those posts. 
Major Dyar's able disposition of his battalion, in successfully repulsing 
a landing party from the fleet at Price's Neck, enabled us to retain a 
most important link in the range-finding system. 

The signal and range-finding detachments of the regiment rendered 
excellent and valuable services. 

Very respectfully, 

Herman C. Schumm, 
Captain, Artillery Corps, District Adjutant. 



[Second Enclosure.] 



Headquarters First Heavy Artillery, M. V. M., 
Boston, Aug. 23, 1902. 
General Orders, No. 4. 

I. Garrison Duty, 1902. — Under the provisions of General Orders, 
No. 9, Special Orders, No 88, and Special Orders, No. 100, A. G. O., 
Massachusetts, current series, this command will perform the eight 
days 1 dut}' prescribed by statute in connection with the joint army and 
navy manoeuvres, Aug. 30 to Sept. 6, 1902, inclusive, taking station at 
noon on the first-named date at the posts below specified : — 

(a) At Fort Rodman, New Bedford, Mass : the colonel commanding, 
with the field, staff, and non-commissioned staff officers not otherwise 
assigned; a corps of 2-4 bandsmen and drummers; and batteries A, B, 
C, D, I and K. 

(b) At Fort Adams, Newport, R. I. : Maj. P. A. Dyar, with First 
Lieuts. J. B. Paine and C. L. Bouve, staff; Sergt. G. H. Russell, N. C 
S. ; and batteries G, H and L. On arrival at his station, Major Dyar 
will report to Col. H. C. Hasbrouck, A. C, U. S. A., commanding post 
and Artillery District of Narragansett. 

(c) At Fort Greble, Jamestown, R. I. : Maj. C. P. Nutter, with Capt. 
W. A. Rolfe and First Lieuts. J. A. Curtin and J. E. Totten, staff; Sergt. 
G. E. Potter, N. C. S. ; a corps of 16 bandsmen and drummers; and 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 73 

batteries E, F and M. On arrival at his station, Major Nutter will re- 
port through Maj. J. McClellan, A. C, U. S. A., commanding post, to 
the commanding officer, Artillery District of Narragansett. 

(d) Capt. J. S. Keenan, retired list, M. V. M,, and Capt. W. O. 
Webber, engineer officer, First Brigade, M. V. M., having been assigned 
to duty with the regiment during the manoeuvres by orders from A. G. O., 
Massachusetts, will report at Fort Rodman, on the date above noted, for 
further orders. 

II. Transportation. — Officers 1 personal baggage may be transported 
to their several stations, on August 30, on the troop trains. All other 
battery baggage and camp equipage will be shipped by battery com- 
manders in ample season to reach the end of rail transportation by 
Thursday night, August 28. All property so shipped will be plainly 
marked with battery and regimental designation, and name of post for 
which destined. Property destined for forts Adams and Greble will be 
consigned to Capt. C. W. Holmes, R. Q. M., Long Wharf, Newport, R.I. 
At New Bedford, individual teaming arrangements will be made by 
battery commanders ; at Newport, freight will be transferred directly 
from car to boat. Round-trip tickets for rail transportation will be 
issued in bulk to battery commanders, the paymaster taking receipts 
therefor. Such tickets will be valid only when presented by officers or 
men of the regiment travelling under orders and in uniform. Tickets 
not used will be turned in to the paymaster for redemption not later 
than Monday, September 15. 

III.. Rations. — At Fort Rodman, battery commanders will personally 
attend to the purchase and issue of commissary supplies for their 
respective commands. At forts Adams and Greble, rations will be 
drawn from the respective post commissaries, payment therefor being 
made on issue. 

IV. Camping Details. — The following details will report at the posts 
designated, promptly at noon, Friday, August 29, for the performance 
of special duty, for which one day's pay will be allowed : — 

{a) At Fort Rodman : Lieut. Col. C. B. Woodman, First Lieut. J. S. 
Cushing, Sergt. R. B. Eastman, N. C. S., and from batteries A, B, C, D, 
I and K each, the quartermaster sergeant and three privates. 

(6) At Long Wharf, Newport, R. I. : Capt. C. W. Holmes and Sergt. 
W.E. Oakes, N. C. S. 

(c) At Long Wharf, Newport, R. I., to Capt. C. W. Holmes, later 
proceeding to Fort Adams : First Lieut. J. F. Wiley, and from batteries 
G, H and L each, the quartermaster sergeant and three privates. 

(d) At Long Wharf, Newport, R. I., to Capt. C. W. Holmes, later 
proceeding to Fort Greble : Second Lieut. W. J. Meek, and from batteries 
E, F and M each, the quartermaster sergeant and three privates. 

(e) Capt. C. W. Holmes and Sergt. W. E. Oakes will remain at New- 
port until after the shipment of troops arriving on August 30, and then 
will proceed to rejoin at Fort Rodman. 

(/) Details on duty at Fort Rodman will provide their own quarters 
and rations prior to the arrival of their commands ; details at forts 
Adams and Greble will provide their own quarters, but may mess with 



74 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the regular troops at these posts until their own commands arrive, pay- 
ment being made for rations so drawn. 

V. Field Officers^ Courts. — Under the provisions of Special Orders, 
No. 32, series of 1901, and Special Orders, No. 24, current series, Head- 
quarters, First Brigade, M. V. M., Lieut. Col. C. B. Woodman, Maj. P. 
A. Dyar and Maj. C. P. Nutter will act as trial officers at forts Rodman, 
Adams, and Greble respectively, for the trial of enlisted men of this 
command charged with offences against discipline. 

VI. Mobilization. — The following regulations will govern the assem- 
bly of the command on Saturday, August 30 : uniform for officers, un- 
dress, with cap, web belt and revolver, field glasses, no leggings, white 
collar, but no gloves ; for enlisted men, undress, with cap, great coat in 
collar roll, exposing chevrons and facings, haversack and canteen, with 
tin dipper lashed to rear canteen strap, leggings, and neither white 
collars nor gloves. 

(a) The field and staff, non-commissioned staff, band, drum corps, 
and batteries A, C, D, G, K and L, will report at the South Armory, 
Boston, at 8.30 a.m , marching thence to the South Station, and entrain- 
ing in special troop train leaving at 9.30 a.m. 

(b~) Battery B will report at the South Station at 9.15 a.m., immedi- 
ately entraining in its designated car. The same instructions will 
govern Battery H. 

(e) Battery E will entrain in a special car on the train leaving New 
Bedford at 9.41 a m., to be attached to special troop train on arrival at 
My rick's. 

(/) Battery F will entrain on arrival of special at Taunton, ascertain- 
ing probable time from local railway agent. 

(g) Battery I will entrain on special car on train leaving Brockton at 
9.43 a.m., for New Bedford, via Fairhaven. 

(h) Battery M will entrain on arrival of special train at Fall River, 
ascertaining probable time from local railway agent. 

VII. Uniform and Equipment. — The full regulation uniform and 
equipment will be carried by officers and men to their respective posts, 
at which the daily dress will be prescribed by post commanders. 
Battery commanders will see to it that their men are supplied with both 
white collars and gloves, for possible use in ceremonies. The mess kit 
(excepting dipper) may be left at home stations by batteries using their 
own garrison mess gear. The regulation garrison locker will be allowed 
to each enlisted man. Other baggage will be kept at the minimum. 
Ample cleaning materials will be provided, and arms will be kept thor- 
oughly cleaned and serviceable. 

By order of Colonel Frye, 

Roger Wolcott, 

Captain and Adjutant. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 75 



[Third Enclosure.] 

Headquarters First Heavy Artillery, M. V. M., 
Fort Rodman, Mass., Aug. 30, 1902. 
General Orders, No. 5. 

I. Duties and Stations. — Administrative and tactical assignments, to 
continue in effect at this post during the period of the manoeuvres, Aug. 
30 to Sept. 6, 1902, inclusive, are made as follows : — 

(a) Col. James A. Frye, commanding post, and senior fire com- 
mander; Lieut. Col. Charles B. Woodman, second fire commander, in 
charge of guards, outposts and patrols, and post trial officer; Maj. 
George F. Quinby, third fire commander and post ordnance officer ; 
Maj. Howard S. Dearing, post surgeon ; Capt. Horace B. Parker, pay- 
master and post exchange officer; Capt. John S. Keenan, A. D. C. and 
assistant post quartermaster; Capt. Roger Wolcott, post adjutant and 
assistant range officer ; Capt. C. Wilder Holmes, post quartermaster ; 
First Lieut. John S. Johnston, A. C, U. S. A., assistant ordnance and 
range officer ; First Lieut. Frank B. Stevens, A. D. C. and assistant range 
officer; First Lieut. Willard M. Foster, post range officer; First Lieut. 
J. Stearns Cushing, post commissary and assistant signal officer ; Second 
Lieut. Frederick Spenceley, post signal officer. 

(b) Battery D, Capt. J. H. Frothingham, to 8 inch B. L. R., in western 
emplacement ; Battery B, Capt. W. E. Lombard, to 8 inch B. L. R., in 
eastern emplacement ; Battery K, Capt. F. S. Howes, to 15 pounder R. 
F. G.,. in western emplacement; Battery I, Capt. G. E. Horton, to 1 
pounder R. F. G., and gatling ; Battery C, Capt. C. F. Nostrom, to 6 
pounder R. F. G., field mount, in gun pits ; Battery A, Capt. E. D. 
Fullerton to 15 pounder R. F. G., in eastern emplacement. 

(c) Lieut. Col. C. B. Woodman will control the fire of the 8 inch B. 
L. R. and 6 pounder and 15 pounder R, F. G., emplaced to the westward 
of the casematecl work ; Maj. G. F. Quinby will control the fire of the 8 
inch B. L. R. and 15 pounder R. F. G., emplaced to the northward of the 
casemated work, and, so far as may be practicable, will control the fire 
of the 1 pounder R. F. and gatling guns. Each of the officers named 
will be held responsible for the condition of the guns under his control, 
for the training of their detachments and for the proper execution of 
orders received in action from the senior fire commander. 

(d) The enlisted range details will be assigned to stations and duties 
by First Lieut. W. M. Foster, who will arrange the required roster for 
reliefs. 

(e) The enlisted signal details will be reported through Second Lieut. 
F. Spenceley to the officer of the Signal Corps, U. S. A., assigned to 
supervision of the signal system of the post and adjacent territory. 
Should no such officer be assigned, Lieutenant Spenceley will determine 
the location of the necessary signal stations and arrange for proper 
reliefs thereat. 

(/) The enlisted men from the detachment of regular artillery at the 
post will be assigned as follows : one non-commissioned officer to the 
western 8 inch B. L. R., 15 pounder R. F. G. and 6 pounder R. F. G. 



76 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

emplacements ; one non-commissioned officer to the eastern 8 inch B. L. 
R. and 15 pounder R. F. G. emplacements ; two privates (ten in all) to 
each of the emplacements noted ; the remainder as later may be deter- 
mined. They will be relieved from guard duty, and, except as below 
noted, from regular stations at the guns. At each drill call and at the 
call to arms the non-commissioned officers will report to their respective 
fire commanders, and the privates will report to the battery officer in 
charge at their respective emplacements, for assignment to duty. 

II. Manning Tables. — Immediately on arrival at the post, battery 
commanders will organize their commands in such a manner as to pro- 
vide three reliefs for each gun to the service of which they have been 
hereinbefore assigned. Manning tables will be prepared accordingly, 
for the inspection of their immediate fire commanders. The proper 
strength for each relief is as follows : 8 inch B. L. R., 3 non-commis- 
sioned officers, 16 privates ; 15 pounder R. F. G., 1 non-commissioned 
officer, 6 privates ; 6 pounder R. F. G., 1 non-commissioned officer, 5 
privates ; 1 pounder R. F. G., 1 non-commissioned officer or first-class 
private, and two privates ; gatling gun, calibre .45, 1 non-commissioned 
officer, 5 privates. If the battery strength will not permit the organiza- 
tion of three full detachments, reliefs will be organized with reduced 
numbers. Battery commanders, in such cases, will use their own dis- 
cretion, subject to the approval of their immediate fire commanders. 
They will see to it, however, that each relief is of sufficient strength to 
ensure the effective and rapid service of the gun to which it is assigned. 
Enlisted men of the regular artillery reporting at emplacements for 
drill or action will be assigned to duties by the battery officer or gun 
commander in charge. Battery commanders will make their own roster 
for gun reliefs, on the principle of four hours on and eight off duty. 
They will see to it that reliefs at the guns are enabled to obtain their 
rations regularly and promptly. 

III. Manning the Works. — At the call " To arms," the reliefs on duty 
at the guns will prepare for action and await orders. The reliefs off 
duty will instantly fall in under arms in their battery streets, and will 
be marched, by day at double time, by night at quick time, to their 
respective emplacements, where they will be disposed under suitable 
cover. The guard, not on post, will fall in under arms, for orders. 
Range and signal details will report individually and promptly at their 
designated stations. The band, without instruments, will be reported 
by the drum major at the post hospital, where stretchers will be issued. 
Fire commanders, range and signal officers will take post at their proper 
stations, the surgeon will take post at the . hospital, and staff officers not 
assigned to specific duties in action will report to the senior fire com- 
mander at his station in the casemated work. Chiefs of squad will see 
to it that men falling in under this call are properly clad, though uni- 
formity of dress will not be essential. Officers and men alike will turn 
out under arms, and with small arms ammunition. 

IV. Reports. — The officer in command at each emplacement or gun 
group will be supplied with a printed card, on which will be entered 
the necessary data to enable the umpires and detailed observers from 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 77 

the army and navy to render their decisions and reports. On this will 
be entered, in the case of 8 inch guns, the date of action, hour and minute 
of firing each shot, target for each shot, range and quadrant elevation 
for each shot, kind of projectile fired at each shot, and — in night firing 
only — the direction in azimuth for each shot. In the case of rapid-fire 
guns, the hour and minute, target, range and kind of projectile will be 
noted. In the case of machine guns, the range, target and time of com- 
mencing and ceasing fire will be noted. In salvo firing, the hour and 
minute of the fire and the salvo point will be noted, together with the 
above items. In firing the 8 inch guns, Case II. will be employed by 
day and Case III. by night. In firing other guns, Case I. will be em- 
ployed under all conditions. 

V. Landing Parties. — Attempts at landing will be beaten off by the 
guard, re-einforced by infantry details from the reliefs not actively em- 
ployed at the guns. In the case of a determined attack by overwhelm- 
ing force, the entire ^garrison will assemble in the casemated work, as a 
keep, where the attack will be met by infantry and machine-gun fire. 
Reliefs leaving their guns under this contingency will put them out of 
action by removing and taking with them some essential part of the 
breech mechanism. 

VI. Passes. — Officers and men alike will be required to remain at the 
post during the period of the manoeuvres, unless excused for the most 
urgent reasons. Under the conditions, it will be impossible to admit 
the public to the reservation on general pass. Such passes as are 
absolutely required will be issued by tlje post adjutant, after approval 
by the post commander. Passes will be required for at orderly hours 
only. 

VII. In General. — Beginning at midnight, Sunday, Aug. 31, 1902, all 
guns, range and signal stations will be manned by their first reliefs. 
They will be kept constantly manned thereafter by their successive 
reliefs until noon, Sept. 6, 1902. Tentage will be provided for the 
shelter of all reliefs, and by night the entire strength of reliefs will not 
be required to keep awake. The officer in charge, or gun commander, 
will see to it, however, that a proper watch is kept at his station. All 
reliefs will report at their stations under arms, depositing their rifles 
and web belts in some secure place on arrival. Reliefs will not remove 
their uniforms while at their stations. Reliefs for the guns will report 
in the canvas fatigue suit, with campaign hat ; reliefs for range and 
signal stations will report in the blue undress uniform, with campaign 
hat. Officers may wear undress or khaki on duty at the guns or other 
stations. If practicable, evening parade will be held daily. From 
parade to tattoo, officers and men off duty will wear the undress uniform, 
with fatigue cap. Chevrons may be worn by non-commissioned officers 
on the blue shirt. When blue shirts are worn, suspenders will not be 
exposed. 

By order of Colonel Frye, 

Roger Wolcott, 

Captain and Adjutant. 



78 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Headquarters Second Brigade, M. V. M. 
Boston, Mass., Aug. 30, 1902. 
Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir: — I have the honor to report that pursuant to General 
Orders, No. 9, A. G. O., current series, dated April 30, 1902, the 
Second Brigade, M. V. M., encamped in the town of Lakeville 
from July 12 to 19, 1902, inclusive. 

As early in the winter several regimental and battalion com- 
manders had expressed a wish for separate service camps for their 
organizations the coming season, I deemed it wise to have a service 
camp for the whole brigade, placing the regiments far enough 
apart to practically give them .separate camps, and yet have the 
brigade intact. 

To find a suitable location near Boston, estimate the cost of 
transportation and other expenses, was the duty assigned to 
Captain Story, the brigade quartermaster ; and his report, read at 
a staff meeting in February, was very complete. 

The site selected (and I beg to call attention to the fact that no 
suggestion of a better one has been made since) was that of the 
old Joe Hooker Camp, at Lakeville, on the shore of Lake Assa- 
wamsett. Four adjoining fields were rented in behalf of the 
State, and contracts made for transportation both by rail and 
wagon train. 

A contract was also made for furnishing water from driven 
wells, but as the contractor withdrew at the last moment, it was 
necessary to supply water from Middleborough (three miles away) 
in street-watering wagons. 

All camp equipage and considerable company property was 
received by the brigade quartermaster at the arsenal at South 
Framingham, and returned to that place after the camp. 

The camp was designated and known as " Camp at Lakeville." 

All organizations except the cavalry and artillery reported at 
noon, July 12, marching from Middleborough. The cavalry 
arrived at 3.15 p.m., having marched over the road. They left 
Boston the previous morning, and bivouacked at Brockton that 
night. The artillery arrived at 5.45 p.m., after a similar march. 
Both of these organizations left camp Thursday morning on their 
return, and detailed reports from both commanders have been 
forwarded. 

Each organization had plenty of room, and the commanders 
were allowed to pitch their camp and arrange their quarters as 
they might see fit within the site assigned them. 

The brigade was reviewed on Wednesday by His Excellency 
the Governor aud Commander-in-Chief, and on Tuesday by the 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 79 

brigade commander. Aside from this, all the time for drill and 
instruction was left to the commanders of organizations to do with 
as they might think best. It was used mostly in extended order, 
advance and rear guard and outpost work. All the organizations 
did more or less work on the road outside of camp. 

The excellent commissary arrangements were similar to those 
of last year at South Framingham, and were carried out by 
the brigade commissary, under the direction of the Commissary 
General. 

I desire to call especial attention to the immense amount of 
work done by the quartermaster's department of the brigade, 
which it has never before been called upon to do, and enclose 
herewith the report of Capt. O. H. Story, brigade quartermaster. 

Great interest in the camp was shown by the citizens in that 
part of the State, and it was estimated that over twenty thousand 
people visited the camp on Sunday and Wednesday. 

Previous to July there was a wide difference of opinion in the 
brigade as to the benefits to be derived from such a camp, but 
since our return it seems to be almost unanimously conceded that 
it was a great success. 

The tour of duty while not by any means perfect, yet shows 
that a brigade of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia can take its 
camp equipage at the arsenal door and go into the field for a tour 
of camp duty the same as it would be called on to do in case of 
actual war ; and I think the instruction and experience obtained 
has more than repaid the State for the slight expense of this camp 
over one at South Framingham. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jophanus H. Whitney, 

Brigadier General. 



Headquarters Naval Brigade, M. V. M., 
Fall River, Mass., Dec. 1, 1902. 

To Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General, M. V. M, Boston, 

Mass. 

Sir : — In accordance with Special Orders, No. 88, current 
series, A. G. 0., and General Orders, No. 9, headquarters, Naval 
Brigade, M. V. M., the Naval Brigade, N. V. M., with the excep- 
tion of the detail for signal stations, performed its annual tour of 
duty on the ships of the squadron under command of Rear Admiral 
Francis J. Higginson, commander-in-chief U. S. naval force, on 
North Atlantic station, and embarked at Newport on the tugs 
"Nina" and "Leyden" for transport to the fleet at Menimsha 



80 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Bight, Martha's Vineyard, Saturday, August 30. The detail for 
signal stations took station on Martha's Vineyard Saturday after- 
noon, where they encamped until the following Saturday. I am 
glad to report that the brigade reported the strongest in numbers 
of any tour of duty. Arrangements for transportation were com- 
plete and carried oi/t in detail. 

Mess chests containing proper mess gear for the enlisted men 
were provided at the expense of the brigade, and were complete 
in every way. 

By previous arrangement, billets for the enlisted men of the 
Naval Brigade had been furnished each ship where detail was 
made, and a few minutes after the officers and men reported on 
board ship they had received their assignments and had been 
allotted their stations aboard ship. 

On Sunday, September 7, in the morning, the brigade was 
transported from the fleet at Block Island on the tugs " Nina" 
and "Leyden" to Newport, where they were entrained to their 
home stations. 

The enlisted men of the organization, becoming part of each 
ship's company, were called upon to do regular ship's duty on that 
particular ship, the officers doing duty with the regular officers. 
The Naval Brigade, being aboard the ships of the fleet at the time 
of the army and navy manoeuvres, did not, of course, receive the 
instruction and drill that might have been given them if the officers 
and men of the regular establishment had not been leading such a 
strenuous existence both during the time of the manoeuvres and in 
preparation. The experience gained by the officers and men was 
of course advantageous, but if more time could have been devoted 
to drill, etc., the results would have been to increase the efficiency 
of this organization. It was demonstrated, however, that the 
officers and a large percentage of the men were able to take their 
position on board regular ships and carry on the work of their 
grades. It is only necessary to refer to the fact that the navy is 
short of men for the engine room. In one company alone seven 
of the enlisted men of the brigade did duty in the engine room, 
and took entire charge in their watch. The Engineer Division 
proved themselves a very efficient corps. The men in the different 
companies as assigned with the regular crew were prompt in 
answering the calls and in most cases were efficient in their duties. 
The commander-in-chief and the commanding officers of the dif- 
ferent ships were altogether too busy at the time to take particular 
notice of the work of the Naval Brigade as stationed on each ship, 
but from all records nothing but commendation is heard of their 
services. In fact, a number of enlisted men of the Naval 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 81 

Brigade were solicited to enlist in the regular service, and would 
have been given ratings if they had complied. The efficient and 
commendable work of the detail of officers before the tour of duty 
in their special work along shore resulted for the advantage of the 
navy, and the work of this board of officers was commented on 
most highly by the commanding officers of the fleet. The follow- 
ing letter, from the commander-in-chief of the North Atlantic 
squadron, is the only official report made on the services of this 

organization : — 

U. S. Flagship " Keaesaege," First Rate, 

Navy Yard, New York, N. Y., Oct. 6, 1902. 

Sir : — 1. Referring to a letter from Capt. G. R. H. Buffinton,M. V. M., 
commanding Massachusetts Volunteer Naval Brigade, in regard to the 
services of the officers and men of the brigade under his command 
while on board the vessels of the North Atlantic fleet during the late 
manoeuvres : — 

2. I have the honor to state that the officers and men of the Naval 
Brigade did not come under my personal supervision during the time, 
except in isolated cases, such as Lieutenant Borden, who acted as 
assistant navigator on board the flagship, and performed these duties 
most efficiently and satisfactorily. The reports from the commanding 
officers of the duties performed by the officers and men of the Naval 
Brigade have shown that they were ready and willing to adjust them- 
selves to the conditions on board ship, which was most praiseworthy; 
also, that they did the work assigned to them with great zeal. A com- 
pany of the brigade, under the command of Lieutenant Goodridge, was 
landed and occupied a signal station at Gay Head, which duty was 
performed in a very satisfactory manner. 

3. It seemed to me that the organization of the Massachusetts Naval 
Brigade w T as very complete. The details and station billets, sent to the 
ships before the brigade came on board, made it possible to station the 
men, so that there was an absence of all confusion when they arrived, 
which was very creditable to all concerned. 

Very respectfully, 

Francis J. Higginson, 
Rear Admiral, Commander-in-Chief, 
U. 8. Naval Force on North Atlantic Station. 

The Secretary of the Navy, Navy Department, Washington, D. C. 

Very respectfully, 

Geo. R. H. Buffinton, 

Captain, Chief of Brigade. 



82 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



HEADQUARTERS FlRST CORPS CADETS, M. V. M., 

Boston, July 21, 1902. 
Brig. Gen. Samuel Daltox, Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

General: — I have the honor to report that my command, in 
obedience to orders from these headquarters, left its armory in 
Boston at 5.15 o'clock p.m. on Friday, July 11, and marched to the 
South Station, where it took a special train for Hingham, accom- 
panied by Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams, Assistant Inspector 
General, and went into camp immediately after its arrival. 

At midnight, the day for annual drill, July 12, commenced, and 
on the following midnight, July 13, the tour of camp duty for 
seven days commenced, in accordance with law and orders from 
headquarters of the Commonwealth. 

The tour was practically the counterpart of the duty performed 
last year as a camp of instruction, with the exception that, instead 
of sending each company out of camp for outpost duty and bivouac 
for one night on the hill behind the camp, the whole battalion, in 
charge of Maj. Thomas Talbot, left camp at 9.43 o'clock on the 
morning of Wednesday, July 16, in light order, with shelter tents 
and blankets and one day's ration, and marched about four miles 
to South Hingham. Going into camp upon rough ground, the use 
of which was kindly offered by Maj. Henry G. Jordan, the bat- 
talion exemplified during the afternoon an attack upon a position. 
This operation consumed the time from 2.45 to 6.15 o'clock p.m., 
and was very instructive. 

Company C, Capt. John A. Blanchard, left the temporary camp 
in advance of the main body, and took position as the enemy on a 
hill. The attacking force, under Major Talbot, consisting of 
Company A, Capt. F. L. Joy, Company D, Capt. C. H. Rollins, 
and Company B, Capt. F. E. Cabot, advanced a mile or more in 
extended order with scouts until the enemy was located; he was 
then attacked. Blank ammunition was used. 

Major Talbot made a report upon this operation, with which he 
forwarded to these headquarters reports from each captain. He 
maintained an advance and rear guard on his march to South 
Hingham after he had passed the thickly settled portion of 
Hingham, and maintained outposts while in his temporary camp. 
Meals were cooked by men detailed in each company, the captains 
being required to draw rations in due form. 

The battalion returned to camp in Hingham at 10.12 a.m., on 
Thursday, July 17. Adjutant Stearns, Dr. Cheever, assistant 
surgeon, and Lieutenant Hayes, Inspector of Rifle Practice, went 
with the battalion on this tour. I visited the battalion in the 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 83 

afternoon, accompanied by Lieutenant Rowan, quartermaster. 
The entire operation entitles Major Talbot and the officers and 
men under his command to much credit. A proper guard was 
maintained at the camp at Hingham during the absence of the 
battalion, under charge of Lieutenant Bremer, Paymaster, acting 
as officer of the day. 

On Saturday, July 12, a bridge across Broad Cove in rear of 
the camp was constructed, similar to those of the past two years 
designed by Major Robeson. Captain Cabot had charge of the 
work. The bridge was dismantled on Friday, July 18. 

The weather was very favorable. No drill was omitted. One 
evening parade was prevented by rain, and one inspection and 
muster, including escort to the color ; otherwise, the escort to the 
color was executed daily, as a prelude to inspection and muster. 

The routine of the camp was conscientiously performed by all, 
and the discipline was, in my opinion, excellent. 

His. Excellency the Commander-in-Chief, accompanied by several 
members of his staff, reviewed the corps on Tuesday, July 15. 

It was a matter of regret to the corps that Adjutant General 
Dalton, although he visited the camp several times, was unable, by 
reason of duty elsewhere, to pass any night in camp with it. 

The corps left camp on Saturday morning, July 19 at 10.15 
o'clock, and reached its armory in Boston at 12.30 o'clock. 

Rain on that morning in camp rendered the striking of tents 
impracticable. They were left standing, after being cleared of 
contents, to be struck later, in dry weather. 

A table of attendance is appended, and the report of the sur- 
geon is enclosed herewith. The average attendance for the tour 
was about 94 per cent. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Thomas F. Edmands, 
Lieutenant Colonel Commanding. 



84 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Record of Attendance, First Corps Cadets. 





Present. 


"3 
o 


Absent. 


"5 
o 
H 

20 


Pre 


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with 

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WITHOUT 

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and 

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July 11, 


20 


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- 


233 


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20 


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253 


92.09 


12, 


20 


214 


- 


- 


234 


- 


19 


- 


- 


19 


20 


233 


253 


92.49 


13, 


20 


215 


- 


- 


235 


- 


17 


- 


- 


17 


20 


232 


252 


93.21 


14, 


20 


217 


- 


- 


237 


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15 


- 


- 


15 


20 


232 


252 


94.05 


15, 


20 


218 


- 


- 


238 


- 


14 


- 


- 


14 


20 


232 


252 


94.44 


16, 


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218 


- 


- 


238 


- 


14 


- 


- 


14 


20 


232 


252 


94.44 


17, 


20 


218 


- 


- 


238 


- 


14 


- 


- 


14 


20 


232 


252 


94.44 


18, 


19 


218 


- 


- 


237 


1 


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- 


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20 


232 


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94.05 


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237 


1 


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- 


15 


20 


232 


252 


94.05 


Average, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


236.33 


















93.69 



The above does not include a band of twenty-four pieces. 
Attendance, 8 days, July 12 to 19, inclusive, 94 per cent. 

Thomas F. Edmands, 
Lieutenant Colonel Commanding. 



Headquarters Second Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Salem, Dec. 1, 1902. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel Dalton, Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to make the following report of the 
annual encampment of this command at East Boxford, Mass., 
from July 19 to July 26, 1903, inclusive, in compliance with 
General Orders, No. 7, current series, A. G. O. 

The annual drill took place on July 19, 1902. 

His honor the Lieutenant Governor visited camp on July 24, 
1902, and reviewed the corps. 

The troops, as is our custom, were conveyed to and from Box- 
ford by special train. 

Camp was pitched before dinner, and immediately thereafter 
the routine work, in accordance with standing orders, their head- 
quarters, was commenced, and continued, with slight interruptions, 
throughout the tour of duty. 

The weather was rainy or threatening every day. The canvas 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 85 

uniform was worn a greater part of the time, and undress guard 
mounting was performed nearly every day. 

The surgeon's report, herewith enclosed, shows that, notwith- 
standing the inclemency of the weather, there was no sickness in 
camp. 

The drills and ceremonies, except two which were omitted on 
account of the weather, were intelligently and faithfully performed, 
and in the meantime the rifle range was constantly in use, and 
many men were qualified. 

The discipline was fair, and the military courtesy, attention to 
duty and personal appearance was good. 

The rationing of the troops was, as usual, good and very satis- 
factory. 

Col. E. J. Gihon was present during this camp, and his service 
was appreciated, and the corps profited by his personal experience 
in the military and volunteer service. 

Very respectfully, 

Walter F. Peck, 

Lieutenant Colonel. 



APPENDIX. 









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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



91 





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94 



ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. 



[Jan. 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



95 





















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96 



ADJUTANT GrEXEBAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



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fl 
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1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



97 







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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



99 



Discharges and Loss of Enlisted Men other than by Expiration 

of Term of Service. 



ORGANIZATION. 


Company. 


By Order. 


Promotion. 


Died. 


First Brigade, .... 


- 


18 


3 


- 


Second Brigade, .... 


- 


9 


1 


- 


First Regiment Heavy Artillery, . 


- 


234 


9 


2 


Second Regiment Infantry, . 


- 


250 


3 


- 


Fifth Regiment Infantry, 


- 


268 


1 


1 


Sixth Regiment Infantry, 


- 


189 


9 


1 


Eighth Regiment Infantry, . 


- 


271 


2 


1 


Ninth Regiment Infantry, 


- 


224 


4 


3 


First Corps Cadets, 


- 


13 


1 


- 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


- 


29 


- 


- 


Naval Brigade, .... 


- 


237 


6 


- 


First Battalion Light Artillery, 


- 


46 


- 


- ' 


Battery A, Light Artillery, . 


- 


5 


1 


- 


First Battalion Cavalry, 


- 


23 


- 


- 


Troop F, Cavalry, .... 


- 


6 


- 


- 


Ambulance Corps, .... 


- 


16 


- 


- 


Total, . . . . 


- 


1,838 


40 


8 



100 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan 





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Service of Other States, and of 
United States. 




Original Entry into the Service. Subsequent Service 
and Commissions. 




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Governor and Commander- 
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Jan. 4, 1900. 



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1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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104 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan , 



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113 



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Yale University ; 
Dartmouth 
University. 




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Montgomery, Vt. 

Marshfield, Vt. 
Hartford, Conn., 

Warren. 




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2d Mass. regt. inf., U. S. V., asst. 
surg., 10 May, 1898; surg., 24 
Oct., 1898; mus. out, 7 Dec, 
1898. 

2d regt. inf., U. S. V., K, 3 May, 
1898; mus. out, 3 Nov., 1898, 
capt. 




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2d regt., col. sgt., 8 May, 1889; sergt. major, 23 
May, 1891. 

Naval brigade, H, 5 April, 1893, seaman, coxswain, 
gunner's mate; 2d regt., 1st It., K, 3 May, 1894; 
capt., 18 Dec, 1896; res., 8 Jan., 1901. 




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Quartermaster 
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field, May 18, 1900. 

Surgeon 
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Ernest A. Gates, Springfield, 
Feb. 15, 1899. 

Assistant Surgeon 
(rank Captain). 
Abram C. Williams, Spring- 
field, July 4, 1899. 

Paymaster 
(rank Captain). 
Archibald C. Edson, Hol- 
yoke, Mar. 19, 1892. 

Assistant Surgeon 
(rank First Lieutenant). 
Thomas B. Shaw, Worcester, 
Sept. 28, 1900. 

Inspector Rifle Practice 
(rank First Lieutenant). 
William S. Warriner, 
Springfield, May 20, 1902. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



123 











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124 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



u s-. 
o> © 



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1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 125 




d ^os ^ ^Os 

5H00 w-too 



o - ~oo __. t! fe en r s •- . -e 



£ So 8 r«3 S^S^ ^Sgs 

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126 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan 



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1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



127 



2 ° 

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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



129 



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130 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 







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1903.] 



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131 



























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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



133 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



135 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



137 



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149 











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1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



151 



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1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



153 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



173 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



175 



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176 



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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



3 

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>> 

3 = 

§'k o 
("or; 


Fall River High. 
Fall River High. 

• 

Boston Latin. 

Bridge port, 
Conn., High. 


Born 


Cambridge. 

Fall River, 

Dover Centre , 
Minn. 

Boston, 

New York, N.Y., 


Service of Oilier States, and of 
United States. 


U.S. N., It., 21 May, 1898; U.S. 
S " Lehigh " and " Seminole ; " 
dis., 8 Sept., 1898. 


Original Entry into the Service. Subsequent Service 
and Commissions. 


1st battl. cav., 5 June, 1883; 2d, 22 June, 1887; 
trans, to 1st regt., B, 6 Sept., 1887; trans, to 
N. C. S., 1st battl. cav., guidon, sgt.; 3d, 22 
June, 1890 ; trans, to B, nav. brig., 20 Feb., 1891 ; 
seaman, boatswain's mate, ensign, 31 Jan., 1893 ; 
It., junior grade, 22 April, 1893 ; It., chief of co., 
17 April, 1894; res., 16 June, 1899. 

Nav. brig., F, 30 Sept., 1892 ; dis., 3 Jan., 1893, . 

Nav. brig., F, 30 Sept., 1892; 2d, 30 Sept., 1895; 
3d, 30 Sept., 1896; 4th, 25 Oct., 1900, to 9 Feb., 
1901 ; seaman, coxswain, It., junior grade signal 
officer, 27 May, 1901. 


Name, Address, Rank and 
IJate of Commission. 


Lieut. Commanders — Con. 

James H. Dillaway, Jr., 

Cambridge, July 2, 1901. 

Brigade Adjutant 
(rank Lieutenant). 
Jonathan T. Lincoln, Fall 
River, May 20, 1901. 

Ordnance Officer 
(rank Lieutenant). 
John B. Richards, Fall 
River, May 5, 1902. 

Equipment Officer 
(rank Lieutenant). 
Herbert C. Talbot, Fall 
River, May 4, 1901. 

Paymaster 
(rank Lieutenant, Junior Grade). 
James Marshall, Fall River, 
May 20, 1901. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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Ensign. 

Miner W. Wilco 

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184 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



ROSTER. 



Commissioned Officers in Order of Lineal Rank. 



W. Murray Crane, Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 
Staff of Commander-in-Chief. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Title. 



Dalton, Samuel, Brigadier General, . 
Blood, Robert A., Brigadier General, 
Wellington, Fred W., Brigadier General, 
Dewey, Henry S., Brigadier General, 
Brigham, William H., Brigadier General 
White, James G., Colonel, 
Capelle, William C, Lieut. Colonel. 
Soutter, James T., Lieut. Colonel, 
Gikon, Edward J., Lieut. Colonel, 
Williams, Henry L., Lieut. Colonel, 
Denny, Arthur B., Lieut. Colonel, 
Benyon, George H., Lieut. Colonel, 
Hawkins, Paul R., Lieut. Colonel, 
Proctor, Charles S., Major, 
Hagar, George E.. Major, . 
Lancaster, John E., Major, 
Colt, James D., Major, 
Murchie, Guy. . 



Jan. 
Mav 



June 
Jan. 



Oct.. 
June 
Jan. 



4, 1900, 

28, 1896, 

25, 1900, 

25, 1900, 

24, 1901, 

7, 1901, 

4, 1900, 

4, 1900, 

4, 1900, 

4, 1900, 

31, 1900, 

7, 1901, 

7, 1902, 

4, 1900, 

4, 1900, 

4, 1900, 

4, 1900, 

7, 1902, 



Adjutant General. 
Surgeon General. 
Commissary General. 
Judge Advocate Gen. 
Inspector General. 
Insp. Gen. Rifle Prac. 
Asst. Adj. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Insp. General. 
Asst. Q. M. General. 
Aide-de-Camp. 
Aide-de-Camp. 
Aide-de-Camp. 
Aide-de-Camp. 



Brigadiers General and Staff. 



No. NAME AND BANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Brigade. 


Staff. 


1 

2 

1 

2 
3 
4 

1 

2 
3 

4 


Brigadiers General. 
Mathews. Thomas R., . 
Whitney, Jophanus H., 

Staff Officers. 
Hager, Walter C, Lieut. Colonel, 
Locke, Elmore E , Lieut. Colonel, 
Marion, Otis H., Lieut. Colonel, . 
Devine, William H.,Lieut.Colonel, 

Ballard, Harry P., Major, . 
Spring, Arthur L., Major, . 
Clark, Herbert A., Major, . 

Carpenter, Frederick B., Major, . 


Julv 
Feb. 

Sept. 
Mar. 
Ausr. 
Sept. 

Aug. 
May 
Apr. 

Mar. 


19. 1897, 
23, 1901, 

17, 1897, 
29, 1901, 
12, 1897, 
11, 1897, 

6, 1897, 

7, 1900, 

20, 1901, 

3, 1902, 


1st. 
2d. 

1st, 
2d, 
1st, 
2d, 

2d, 
1st, 
2d, 


Asst. Adj. Gen. 
Asst. Adj. Gen. 
Med. Director. 
Med. Director. 

Asst. Insp. Gen. 
Asst. Insp. Gen. 
Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Rifle Practice. 
Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Rifle Practice. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



185 



Brigadiers General and Staff — Concluded. 







Date of 






No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Commission. 


Brigade. 


Staff. 


1 


Glines, Edward, Captain, . 


Aug. 


12, 1897, 


1st, 


Aide-de-Camp. 


2 


Kenny, Charles, Captain, . 




18, 1897, 


1st, 


Aide-de-Camp. 


3 


Bancroft, Hugh, Captain, . 


Sept. 


13, 1897, 


2d, 


Engineer. 


4 


Hall, Bordman, Captain, 


Oct. 


8, 1900, 


1st, 


Judge Advocate. 


5 


Sherman, Roland H., Captain, . 


Aug. 


31, 1897, 


2d, 


Judge Advocate. 


6 


Emery, William B., Captain, 


Feb. 


12, 1901, 


1st, 


Brigade Q. M. 


7 


Warren, Albert C, Captain, 


May 


15, 1901, 


2d, 


Aide-de-Camp. 


8 


Story, Oliver H., . 




15, 1901, 


2d, 


Brigade Q. M 


9 


Ward well, Walter C, Captain, . 




16, 1901, 


2d, 


Prov. Marshal. 


10 


Webber, William 0., Captain, . 


Aug. 


31, 1901, 


1st, 


Engineer. 


11 


Sanborn, Walter, .... 


Feb. 


13, 1902, 


1st, 


Prov. Marshal. 


12 


Hayden, Charles, 


Sept. 


12, 1902, 


2d, 


Aide-de-Camp. 


1 


Stevens, Walter C, 


Feb. 


10, 1902, 


2d,' 


Signal Officer. 


2 


Harrison, Christopher, 


Sept. 


8, 1902, 


1st, 


Signal Officer. 



Ambulance Corps. 



No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of Commission. 


1 
2 
3 


Bell, Robert E., Captain, 

Williams, Christopher E., 1st Lieutenant, . 

Keene, Charles H., 2d Lieutenant, .... 


Dec. 9, 1901. 
Feb. 13, 1902. 
May 3, 1902. 



Field and Staff Officers of Infantry. 







Date of 




No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Commission. 


Regiment. 




Colonels. 








1 


Clark, Embury P., 


Feb. 


2, 1889, 


2d Regiment. 


2 


Pew, William A., Jr., 




, . 


June 


28, 1895, 


8th Regiment. 


3 


Donovan, William H., . 




. 


Mar. 


30, 1899, 


9th Regiment. 


4 


Darling, Charles K., 




. 


May 


22, 1899, 


6th Regiment. 


5 


Oakes, William H., 




• 


April 


13, 1901, 


5th Regiment. 




Lieutenant Colonels. 








1 


Logan, Lawrence J., 


Nov. 


6, 1889, 


9th Regiment. 


2 


Shumwav, Edwin R., 




. 




3, 1893, 


2d Regiment. 


3 


Bailey, Edwin W. M., . 




. 


Oct. 


2, 1896, 


8th Regiment. 


4 


Priest, George H., . 




. 


May 


22, 1899, 


6th Regiment. 


5 


Clement, Murray D., 




• 


April 


13, 1901, 


5th Regiment. 




Majors 








1 


Southmayd, Frederick G., 


Feb. 


2, 1889, 


2d Regiment. 


2 


Fairbanks, Henry B., 






July 


30, 1895, 


2d Regiment. 


3 


Stopford, William, . 






Oct. 


2, 1896, 


8th Regiment. 


4 


Graves, Frank A., . 


- 






2, 1896, 


8th Regiment. 


5 


Murray, George F. H., . 






Mar. 


30, 1899, 


9th Regiment. 


6 


Sullivan, John J., . 








30, 1899, 


9th Regiment. 


7 


Kelley, Joseph J., . 








30, 1899, 


9th Regiment. 


8 


Cook, Cyrus H., 






May 


22, 1899, 


6th Regiment. 


9 


Eldredge, Edward H., . 






Oct. 


31, 1899, 


8th Regiment. 


10 


Pierce, Frederick E., 






Feb. 


13, 1900, 


2d Regiment. 



186 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



Field and Staff Officers of Infantry — Continued. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Regiment. 



Majors — Concluded. 
Sweetser, Warren E., 
Marshall, Isaac N., . 
Stover, Willis W., . 
Butler, Willard C, . 
Meredith, Francis, Jr., 

Adjutants — Captains. 
Sawtelle, Edward E., 
Casey, William J., . 
Kincade, Henry L., . 
Lindsay, Walter M., 
Sleeper, Stephen W., 



Battalion Adjutants — First Lieutenants 

Mclsaac, Charles M., 

Flanagan, Benj. J., . 

Taylor, Franklin G., 

Decker, William N., 

Parkhurst, Harry H., 

Norton, Paul J., 

Foley, Joseph J., 

Gow, Charles R., 

De Sousa, Francisco A., . 

Warren, Henry Dexter, . 

Cochrane, Alexander L., 

McNeilly, John S., . 

Healey, Martin J., . 



April 30, 1900 

30, 1900 

13, 1901 

June 5, 1901 

Dec. 11, 1902 



Feb. 15, 1899 

April 3, 1900 

29, 1901 

Dec. 10, 1901 

5, 1902 



Nov. 
Feb. 
April 



May 

June 
April 
Mar. 
May 



29, 1897 
15, 1890 

30, 1900 
30, 1900 
30, 1900 
30, 1900 
15, 1900 
18, 1900 

6, 1900 
29, 1901 
24, 1902 

2, 1902 
26, 1902 



Quartermasters — Captains. 
Wyer, Arthur C, 
Sweetser, Stanwood G. 
Breen, John, . 
Craig, J. Hally, 
Parsons, William E., 



Commissaries of Subsistence — First 
Lieutenants . 
Chase, A. Preston, . 
Hunton, Lewis G., . 
Murphy, Daniel J., . 
Hitchcock, Charles B., 
Knapp, Charles W., 



Surgeons — Majors. 
Gates, Ernest A., 
Dow, George F., 
Lombard, John P., . 
Jenkins, Thomas L., 
Galloupe, Charles W , 

Assistant Surgeons — Captains 
Williams, Abram C, 
McGourty, James E., 
Logan, Frank P. T., 
Magurn, Francis, 
Gross, Herman W., 



Assistant Surgeons — First Lieutenants. 

Cronin, Jeremiah A., 

Butler, Charles S., . 

Shaw, Thomas B., . 

Dearing, Henry L., . 

Hart, Joseph S., 



Nov. 27, 1899 

April 3, 1900 

3, 1900 

3, 1900 

May 18, 1900 



April 17, 1900, 
May 1, 1900, 
Dec. 2, 1899, 
April 30, 1900, 
May 7, 1901, 



Feb. 15, 1899, 

June 1, 1899, 

July 20, 1899, 

Sept. 21, 1899, 

May 14, 1901, 



April 3, 1900, 

3, 1900, 

3, 1900, 

May 20, 1901, 

Oct. 18, 1901, 



May 
July 
Sept. 
Mar. 
Oct. 



15, 1900, 
12, 1900, 
28, 1900, 
14, 1901, 
18, 1901, 



6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 



8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 



5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 



8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 



9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — JN T o. 7. 



187 



Field and Staff Officers of Infantry — Concluded. 



No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Regiment. 


1 
2 
3 
4 

5 


Paymasters — Captains. 
Edson, Archibald C, . . . . 

Barr, James C, 

Kane, John P., . . . 

Dukelow, Charles T., 

Bolton, Fred E., 


April 
May 


3, 1900, 
3, 1900, 
3, 1900, 
17, 1901, 
6, 1902, 


2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 


1 

2 
3 
4 
5 


Inspectors of Rifle Practice — First 
Lieutenants. 

Golden, John T., 

McMillan, Archibald, .... 
Chamberlain, Fred C, . . 
Warriner, William S., . 
Bond, Stephen N., 


Aug. 
Nov. 
June 
May 
Dec. 


1, 1900, 

7, 1901, 

10, 1901, 

20, 1902, 

5, 1902, 


9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 


1 
2 
3 

4 
5 


Chaplains. 

Lee, James, 

Perry, James De Wolfe, Jr., . 

Phalen, Frank L., 

Gates, Milo Hudson, .... 
Edwards, Frederick, .... 


July 
June 
Aug. 
June 
April 


1, 1884, 
24, 1899, 

2, 1899, 
11, 1900, 
15, 1902, 


9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 



Line Officers of Infantry. 







Date of 






No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Commission. 


Co. 


Regiment. 




Captains. 








1 


Hayes, John J., . 


Feb. 11, 1890, 


H, 


9ih Regiment. 


2 


Quinlan, Thomas F., 








July 6 


1893, 


c, 


9th Regiment. 


3 


Mason, Edward B., 








10 


1893, 


B, 


5th Regiment. 


4 


Barrett, Edwin G., 








April 5 


1894, 


A, 


2d Regiment. 


5 


Moynihan, Jeremiah, 








Aug. 27 


1894, 


G, 


9th Regiment. 


6 


Rider, Phineas L., 








13 


1895, 


c, 


2d Regiment. 


7 


Horton, Edward J., 








Feb. 24 


1896, 


G, 


8th Regiment. 


8 


Springer, Ernest R., 








Oct. 26 


1896, 


c, 


5th Regiment. 


9 


Barrett, John F., . 








Jan. 19 


1897, 


M, 


6th Regiment. 


10 


Hilliker, Charles T., 








Mar. 15 


1897, 


D, 


8th Regiment. 


11 


Cutting, Frank F., 








Sept. 8, 


1897, 


L, 


5th Regiment. 


12 


Clark, James C. D., 








Dec. 15 3 


1897, 


E, 


5th Regiment. 


13 


Cannon, Peter J., . 








Feb. 6 


1899, 


K, 


9th Regiment. 


14 


Gray, Edwin R., . 








April 6 


1899, 


E, 


2d Regiment. 


15 


Packard, P. Frank, 








June 2 


1899, 


L, 


8th Regiment. 


16 


Barry, John J., 








13, 


1899, 


E, 


9th Regiment. 


17 


Hamilton. Clifford E., 








July 18 


1899, 


F, 


5th Regiment. 


18 


Phillips. Frank D., 








18 


1899, 


D, 


2d Regiment. 


19 


Walsh, James F., . 








21 


1899, 


B, 


9th Regiment. 


20 


Wyer, Arthur C, . 








Nov. 27 


1899, 


G, 


5th Regiment. 


21 


Cully, James A., . 








Dec. 18 


1899, 


I, 


9th Regiment. 


22 


Kenealy, John F., 








Jan. 15, 


1900, 


L, 


9th Regiment. 


23 


Goff, William H., Jr., 








15, 


1900, 


I, 


5th Regiment. 


24 


Sweetser, Elbridge L., 


Jr., 






Mar. 20 


1900, 


B, 


8th Regiment. 


25 


Hayes, William C, 








27 


1900, 


G, 


2d Regiment. 


26 


Damon, Herbert W., 








May 7 


1900, 


E, 


6th Regiment. 


27 


Young, Harry C, 








16 


1900, 


A, 


2d Regiment. 


28 


Canfield, George I., 








28 


1900, 


M, 


8th Regiment. 


29 


Cutler, Charles H., 








June 26 


1900, 


c, 


8th Regiment. 


30 


Cutter, Frank E.,. 








Aug. 7 


1900, 


F, 


6th Regiment. 


31 


Jewett, George N., 








27 


1900, 


H, 


8th Regiment. 


32 


Sands, Patrick A., 






Sept. 7 


1900, 


F, 


9th Regiment. 



188 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



Line Officers of Infantry — Continued. 



NAME AND BANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Regiment. 



Captains — Concluded 
Whelan. Andrew J., 
Smith, James C, . 
Fairweather, William, 
Gardner, Augustus P. 
Kittredge, Colby T., 
Jenks, Fred. A., . 
Rogers, George M., 
Larrive, Eugene, . 
Smith, Mark E., . 
McCarthy, Thomas,' 
Hathaway, Harry L., 
Nicholson, John, . 
Lewis, Arthur E.,. 
Campbell, James A., 
Burke, Thomas F., 
Bell, Robert Eddy, 
Clare, James P., . 
Gnswold, Lyman W., 
Braxton, George W., 
McGrath, John R., 
McMahon, John H., 
Dunn, John H , 
Whitten, Herbert W., 
McNulty, Philip, . 
French, Chester W., 
Desmond, William D., 
Hagerty, John W., 

First Lieutenants. 
Tisdel), Moses H., 
Mann, James H., . 
Moulton, Horatio D., 
Facey, Charles W., 
Hines, Mathew E., 
Gillow, Joseph S., 
Cobey, Thomas J., 
Kimball, Charles H., 
Clark, Frank E , . 
Ley den, Edward J., 
Sulliyan, Daniel P., 
Guilford, George F., 
Stearns, Charles E., 
Foote, Alfred F , . 
Clark, Frederick M., Jr 
Delaney, John F., 
Hickey, John J., . 
Gilson, Valentine E., 
Whittier, David F., 
Whitney, Orville J., 
McGee, James H., 
Northrup, Fred W., 
Ordway, Lewis E., 
Hillman, Charles H., 
Sullivan, George W., 
Smith, Clarence E., 
Sullivan, Patrick H., 
Holt, Elden L., . 
Donovan, Frank L., 
Gilson, Frank V., 
Howard, George S , 
Pearson, Gardner W., 
Turner, David A., 
Robinson, Frank W., 



Nov. 
Jan. 



April 
May 



June 

Aug. 
Sept. 
Dec. 

Jan. 

Feb. 



Mar. 

Aug. 

Oct. 

Dec. 



July 

Feb. 

Mar. 

May 

Aug. 

Feb. 

Mar. 

Oct. 

Jan. 

June 

July 



Aug. 
Oct. 

Nov. 

Jan. 

Feb. 
Mar. 
May 

June 

Aug. 

Oct. 

Nov. 

Jan. 



5 


1900, 


26 


1900, 


1 


1901, 


7 


1901, 


9 


1901, 


23 


1901, 


16 


1901, 


2 


1901, 


6 


1901, 


13 


1901, 


20 


1901, 


6 


1901, 


10 


1901, 


5 


1901, 


9 


1901, 


9 


1901, 


16 


1901, 


31 


1902, 


7 


1902, 


17 


1902, 


24 


1902, 


24 


1902, 


24 


1902, 


7 


1902, 


6 


1902, 


29 


1902, 


30 


1902, 



1888, 
1892, 
1892, 
1894, 
1894, 
1895, 
1897, 
1897, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1899, 
1900, 
1900, 
1900, 
1900, 
1900, 
1900, 
1900, 
1900, 
1900, 
1900, 
1901, 
1901, 
1901, 
1901, 



r>, 
b, 

G, 
E, 
C, 
K, 
A, 
L, 
A, 
G, 
K, 
F, 
D, 
M, 
B, 

M, 

L, 

L, 

K, 

A, 

D, 

K, 

M, 

I, 

H, 

I, 



A, 

L, 

B, 

B, 

G, 

M, 

D, 

M, 

I, 

G, 

E, 

C, 

F, 

r>, 
c, 
i, 

B, 

H, 

F, 

E, 

L, 

I, 

M, 

B, 
E, 
H, 
H, 
F, 
F, 
B, 
G, 
C, 
K, 
H, 



6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
Amb. Corps. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 



2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



189 





Line Offi 


cers 


ofl 


nfantry — Continued. 








Date of 






No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Commission. 


Co. 


Regiment. 




First Lieutenants — Concluded. 










35 


Connors, James E., 


May 


2, 1901, 


L, 


8th Regiment. 


36 


Bray, Roland W., 








6, 1901, 


A, 


5th Regiment. 


37 


Marion, Francis H., 








13, 1901, 


G, 


5th Regiment. 


38 


Kincaid, Gerard M., 








15, 1901, 


G, 


8th Regiment. 


39 


Willard, Robert K., 






June 


6, 1901, 


F, 


2d Regiment. 


40 


Nauman, Charles E., 








10, 1901, 


L, 


5th Regiment. 


41 


Sullivan, Timothy J., 








11, 1901, 


A, 


9th Regiment. 


42 


Stearns, Harry N., 








19, 1901, 


c, 


8th Regiment. 


43 


Cliffe, Sydney H., 






Aug. 


5, 1901, 


M, 


2d Regiment. 


44 


O'Connell, John J., 






Sept. 


9, 1901, 


B, 


2d Regiment. 


45 


Bowlen, Maurice E., 








30, 1901, 


c, 


9th Regiment. 


46 


Burnham, Charles B., 






Nov. 


6, 1901, 


E, 


8th Regiment. 


47 


Brigham, Ralph H., 






Dec. 


2, 1901, 


K, 


6th Regiment. 


48 


Moore, Harry C, . 








16, 1901, 


M, 


5th Regiment. 


49 


Dolan, William TL, 






Jan. 


28, 1902, 


D, 


6th Regiment. 


50 


Gould, William B., 






Feb. 


7, 1902, 


L, 


6th Regiment. 


51 


Leslie, William J., 








17, 1902, 


K, 


5th Regiment. 


52 


Weymouth, Fred S-, 






Mar. 


6, 1902, 


E, 


2d Regiment. 


53 


Dwyer, John J., . 








24, 1902, 


D, 


9th Regiment. 


54 


Brockbank, Harvey G. 






May 


19, 1902, 


A, 


6th Regiment. 


55 


Wiley, Joseph E., . 






June 


9, 1902, 


M, 


8th Regiment. 


56 


Adams, Hugh E., . 






Sept. 


20, 1902, 


L, 


2d Regiment. 


57 


Beck man. Albert G., 






Oct. 


6, 1902, 


I, 


2d Regiment. 


58 


McRell, Robert, . 






Sept. 


8, 1902, 


K, 


9th Regiment. 


59 


Stewart, Duncan M., 






Dec. 


29, 1902, 


H, 


6th Regiment. 


60 


Sohier, Walter, 








30, 1902, 


I, 


6th Regiment. 




Second Lieutenants. 










1 


Boles, Michael S., ... 


Feb. 


13, 1891, 


F, 


9th Regiment. 


2 


Clark, Thomas F., 






Jan. 


9, 1894, 


H, 


9th Regiment. 


3 


Lucke. Frederick H., 






April 


5, 1894, 


A, 


2d Regiment. 


4 


Hurley. John F., . 






Aug. 


27, 1894, 


G, 


9th Regiment. 


5 


Moore, Frank E., 






May 


4, 1897, 


F, 


6th Regiment. 


6 


Perkins, Clarence A., . 






Sept. 


8, 1897, 


L, 


5th Regiment. 


7 


Cutler, George S., 






Oct. 


18, 1897, 


G, 


5th Regiment. 


8 


Murphy, Cornelius J., . 






Nov. 


23, 1897, 


E, 


9th Regiment. 


9 


Clark, "Frederick M., Jr 








30, 1897, 


c, 


2d Regiment. 


10 


Thayer, Henry A., 






Jan. 


3, 1898, 


H, 


6th Regiment. 


11 


Gray, Henry T., . 








28, 1898, 


H, 


2d Regiment. 


12 


Ley den, Edward J., 






Feb. 


18, 1898, 


G, 


2d Regiment. 


13 


Butment, William, 






Jan. 


31, 1899, 


G, 


2d Regiment. 


14 


Johnson, Waldo A., 






April 


6, 1899, 


E, 


2d Regiment. 


15 


McNamaia, Patrick J., 








19, 1899, 


B, 


5th Regiment. 


16 


Wye. Thomas E., 






July 


17, 1899, 


c, 


5th Regiment. 


17 


Guthrie, James A., 








21, 1899, 


B, 


9th Regiment. 


18 


Reed, Alfred F., . 








18, 1899, 


L>, 


2d Regiment. 


19 


Smyth, Joseph H., 








20, 1899, 


D, 


5th Regiment. 


20 


Warren, Herbert H., . 








21, 1899, 


c, 


2d Regiment. 


21 


McGee, James H., 








24, 1899, 


L, 


9th Regiment. 


22 


Sullivan, George W., . 








31, 1899, 


E, 


6th Regiment. 


23 


Latimer, George T., 






Oct. 


30, 1899, 


H, 


5th Regiment. 


24 


Hall, Arthur S., . 






Nov. 


20, 1899, 


E, 


5th Regiment. 


25 


Cook, Lawrence W., 






Jan. 


15, 1900, 


I, 


5th Regiment. 


26 


Groves, Charles H , 






Feb. 


27, 1900, 


M, 


5th Regiment. 


27 


Kyle, George A., . 






Mar. 


20, 1900, 


B, 


8th Regiment. 


28 


Mclnnes, John F., 






April 


30, 1900, 


1, 


9th Regiment. 


29 


Kendall, Frederic M., . 






May 


7, 1900, 


E, 


6th Regiment. 


30 


Jordan, Frederick B., . 








16, 1900, 


H, 


2d Regiment. 


31 


Williams, John F., 






July 


19, 1900, 


F, 


5th Regiment. 


32 


Howe, Ernest A., . 






Oct. 


30, 1900, 


I, 


6th Regiment. 


33 


Durrell, Pearl T., . 






Jan. 


1, 1901, 


G, 


6th Regiment. 


34 


Kelsey, John H., . 








9, 1901, 


c, 


6th Regiment. 


35 


Jones, William C., 








23, 1901, 


I, 


8th Regiment. 



190 



ADJUTANT GEXERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



Line Officers of Infantry — Concluded. 



No. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Regiment. 



36 
37 
35 
39 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 
60 
61 
62 
63 
64 
65 
66 
67 



Second Lieutenants — Concluded 

Cann, William W., 

Boles, Michael S., 

Campbell, Harry B., 

White, Ernest 0., . 

Armitage, George A., 

Wilson, William H., 

McDonald, Hugh M., 

Sabin, Winfred A., 

Henry, Wellington K. 

Sampson, Henry L., 

Logan, Edward L., 

Lounsbury, Francis J. 

O'Brien, William, . 

Wilcox, Everett W., 

King, Michael L., . 

Whiting, Ralph S., 

Sanders, James O., 

Akeley, Charles E., 

Collagan, William J., 

Sedgeley, Alton R., 

Doane, Harry L., . 

Bradford, William A., 

Sullivan, Thomas F., 

Pryor, J. Holman, 

Green, Charles E., 

Hannaford, Louis L , 

Kelley, Herbert N., 

Scanlon, Edward J., 

McDowell, Jeremiah J 

Riley, Charles S., . 

Keene, Walter S., 

Byron, James W., 



Jan. 


28 


, 1901, 


Feb. 


13 


1901, 




26 


1901, 


Mar. 


11 


1901, 


May 


2 


1901, 




6 


1901, 




15 


1901, 




29 


1901, 


June 


6 


1901, 




10 


1901, 




11 


1901, 




19 


1901, 


Aug. 


5 


1901, 


Sept. 


9 


1901, 




30 


1901, 


Nov. 


6 


1901, 


Dec. 


2 


1901, 




20 


1901, 


Feb. 


17 


1902, 




24 


1902, 


Mar. 


6 


1902, 




24 


1902, 




24 


1902, 


April 


25 


1902, 


Mav 


26 


1902, 


June 


9 


1902, 


Aug. 


22, 


1902, 


Sept. 


8 


1902, 


Nov. 


24, 


1902, 


Dec. 


29 


1902, 




29 


1902, 




30, 


1902, 



D, 

F, 

F, 

H, 

L, 

A, 

G, 

K, 

F, 

D, 

A, 

C, 

M, 

B, 

C, 

E, 

K, 

B, 

K, 

A, 

E, 

K, 

D, 

L, 

L, 

M, 

L, 

K, 

D, 

I, 

H, 

I, 



8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th R-egiment. 



Fields Staff and Line Officers, First Regiment Heavy Artillery. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Colonel. 
Frye, James A., 

Lieutenant Colonel. 
Woodman, Charles B., . 

Majors. 

Dyar, Perlie A., 

Quimby, George F., 
Nutter, Charles P., 

Adjutant — Captain. 
Wolcott, Roger, 

Battalion Adjutants — First Lieutenants. 

Totten, James E., 

Foster, Willard M., .... 

Quartermaster — Captain. 
Holmes, Christopher W., 

Surgeon — Major. 
Dearing, Howard S., . 



Nov. 14, 1898. 
April 1, 1898. 



Mav 18, 1893. 

July 28, 1897. 

14, 1899. 



April 5, 1901. 



June 20, 1900. 
25, 1900. 



June 14, 1901. 
Aug. 14, 1897. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



191 



Field, Staff and Line Officers, etc. — Concluded. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 

Commission. 



Co. 



Assistant Surgeon — Captain. 
Rolfe, William A., 

Assistant Surgeon — First Lieutenant. 
Stedman, Joseph C., 

Paymaster — Captain. 
Parker, Horace B., 



Inspector Rifle Practice — First Lieutenant. 
Portal, John M., 

Commissary of Subsistence — First Lieu- 
tenant. 
Cushing, J. Stearns, 

Signal Officer — First Lieutenant. 
Curtin, John A., 



Aide-de- Camp 
Stevens, Frank B., 

Range Officer - 
Paine, John B., 



■ First Lieutenant. 



■ First Lieutenant. 



Captains. 
Frothingham, Joseph H., 
Danforth, Norris O., 
Chick, Albert B.. . 
Whiting, Fred. M., 
Lombard, Walter E., 
Pratt, Walter L., . 
Howes, Frederick S., 
Gibbs, Joseph L., . 
Fuller, David, 
H or ton, George E., 
Nostrom, Charles F., 
Smyth, James H., 



First Lieutenants. 
Phillips, Ferdinand H., 
Renfrew, William, 
Cormack, Norman P., 
Gleason, Albert A., 
Harrison, Frederick W. 
DeWolf, John C, . 
Harris, Clifford L., 
Sampson, Samuel B., 
Underwood, Marshall, 
Wiley, John P., . 
Wood worth, John D. R., 
Dickerman, Olin D., 

Second Lieutenants. 
Meek, William J., 
Hall, Arthur E., . 
Grant, Bertie E., . 
Crowell, Alonzo K., 
Spenceley, Frederick, 
French, Alton L., . 
Gerlack, Conrad M., 
Snell, Ernest L., . 
Hill, William B., . 
Shedd, Benjamin B., 
Edson, Charles H., 
Kane, Harry J., . 



April 3, 1900. 
Aug. 1, 1900. 
May 26, 1886. 
June 1, 1899. 

June 28, 1901. 

Oct. 18, 1899. 

May 28, 1900. 

June 20, 1894. 



May 

Sept. 

Feb. 

April 

Jan. 

Dec. 

Oct. 

Jan. 

Feb. 

Aug. 

Oct. 

Nov. 



Feb. 
Dec. 
Jan. 
June 
Feb. 

June 
Mar. 
April 

May 

Nov. 



Feb. 

April 

Dec. 

May 

April 

June 

Oct. 

Mar. 

April 

July 

Aug. 

Nov. 



27, 1887, 

16, 1889, 

4, 1891, 

15, 1891, 

23, 1893, 

16, 1895, 
25, 1897, 

24, 1898, 
14, 1899, 
18, 1899, 
16, 1899, 
12, 1902, 



20, 1893, 

16, 1895, 

17, 1898, 
12, 1899, 
14, 1899, 

18, 1901, 

19, 1901, 
17, 1902, 

7, 1902, 
30, 1902, 

5, 1902, 
12, 1902, 



20, 1893, 

15, 1895, 

16, 1895, 
8, 1899, 

16, 1900, 
19, 1901, 
28, 1901, 
3, 1902, 
30, 1902, 

21, 1902, 

11, 1902, 

12, 1902, 



D. 

F. 

G. 

L. 

B. 

H. 

K. 

E. 

M. 

I. 

C. 

A. 



F. 

H. 

D. 

K. 

M. 

E. 

L. 

1. 

B. 

G. 

C. 

A. 



M. 

C. 

H. 

F. 

D. 

L. 

K. 

E. 

G. 

B. 

I. 

A. 



192 



ADJUTANT GEXERAL'S KEPOKT. 



[Jan. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers of Cadet Corps. 







Date of 






NAME AND BANK. 






Co. 






Commission. 






Lieutenant Colonels. 










Edmands, Thomas F., . . 


Oct. 


14, 1873, 


- [1st Corps. 


Peck, Walter F., 


Mar. 


10, 1899, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Majors. 










Fitz, Andrew. 


Mar. 


10. 1S99, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Talbot, Thomas, 


Jan. 


17, 1902, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Adjutants — First Lieutenants. 










Stearns, William B., 


Nov. 


21, 1900, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Jenkins, Lawrence W., .... 


Mar. 


10, 1902, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Qxiarterynasters — First Lieutenants. 










Vaughn, Ira, 


Oct. 


6, 1900, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Rowan, Alfred J 


Feb. 


15, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Surgeons — Majors. 










Green, Charles M., ..... 


April 2 


- 


1st Corps. 


Toss, J. William, 


June 


5, 1899, 


_ 


2d Corps. 


Assistant Surgeons — First Lieutenants. 












June 


26, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Sturgis, Benj. F., Jr., 


Aug. 


7, 1901, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Paymasters — First Lieutenants. 












April 


28, 1883, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Bremer, S. Parker, 


Nov. 


23, 1900, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Inspectors R>jJe Practice — First Lieutenants. 










Hares, William A , 2d, .... 


June 


16, 1880, 


- 


1st Torps. 


Robertson, Robert, 


April 


22, 1889, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Chaplain. 










Prescott, Elvin J., 


Sept. 


17, 1897, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Captains. 










Spencer, John E., 


Sept. 


16, 1898, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Joy, Franklin L., . . . . ' . 


Mar. 


14, 1899, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Rollins, Charles H., 




24, 1899, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Webb, Arthur N., 


July 


7, 1899, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Ropes, Charles F.. 


Dec. 


14, 1900, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Cabot, F. Elliot, 


Jan. 


8, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Symonds, George E., 


Dec. 


9, 1901, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Blanchard, John A., 


Feb. 


11, 1902, 


- 


• 1st Corps. 


First Lieutenants. 










Simmons, William S., 


Mar. 


24, 1899, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Graham, Edward T., 


Julv 


7, 1899, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Perkins, Frank S., 


Dec. 


14, 1900, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Clark, James N., 




14, 1900, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Cole, Charles H., Jr., 


Jan. 


8, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Stevens, Jesse F , 




15, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Loud, Charles E., 


Feb. 


11, 1902, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Second Lieutenants. 










Peach, Harry R., 


July 


7, 1899, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Burbeck, John G., 


Dec. 


14, 1900, 


- 


2d Corps. 


Perkins, Hany S., 




14, 1900, 


- 


2d Corps 


Phinney, Frank F., 


Jan. 


15, 1901. 


- 


1st Corps. 


Stearns, Frank A., 




22, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Lavalle, John, 


Feb. 


12, 1901, 


- 


1st Corps. 


Perkins, Holton B., 




11, 1902, 




1st Corps. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



193 



Field, Staff and Line Officers of Light Artillery. 



NAME AND BANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Major. 
Duchesney, Lawrence N., 



Adjutant, rank First Lieutenant. 
Lewis H. Bradford, . 



Quartermaster, rank First Lieutenant. 
Hennessey, William H., 



Surgeon, rank Major. 
Harvey, John P., . 



Assistant Surgeon, rank First Lieutenant. 
Cummin, John White, . . 



Veterinary Surgeon, rank First Lieutenant. 
Osgood, Frederic H., . 



Paymaster, rank First Lieutenant. 
Clapp, Henry B., 



Captains. 
Parker, Samuel D., 
Haynes, Herbert W., . 
Sargent, Charles F., 



First Lieutenants. 
Gould, William T., 
Goldsmith, George H., 
Blake, Henry S., . 
Amory, William, 2d, 
Powell, John S., . 



Second Lieutenants. 
Dole, Charles S., . 
Sayles, William E., 
McGregor, Alexander S., . 



May 19, 1893, 



Dec. 14, 1897, 



May 24, 1893, 



May 26, 1893, 



Jan. 2, 1901, 



April 5, 1893, 



May 24, 1893, 



July 18, 1898, 
Feb. 17, 1899, 
Oct. 29, 1900, 



Mar. 24, 1894, 
April 4, 1898, 
July 18, 1898, 
18, 1898, 
Oct. 29, 1900, 



July 18, 1898, 
Feb. 17, 1899, 
Oct. 29, 1900, 



A, 



A, 
B, 
C, 



B, 
C, 
A, 
A, 
C, 



A, 
B, 
C 



1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 



Unattached. 



1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 



Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
Unattached. 
Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 



Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



194 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers of Cavalry. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Major. 
Perrins, William A., 



Adjutant, rank First Lieutenant. 
Alexander, Winthrop, . 



Quartermaster, rank First Lieutenant. 
Kerrison, John C, . ' . 



Surgeon, rank Major. 
Mills, George Westgate, 



Assistant Surgeon, rank First Lieutenant. 
Scoboria, Arthur G., .... 



Veterinary Surgeon, rank First Lieutenant. 
(Vacancy.) 



Paymaster, rank First Lieutenant. 
Hall, John W., . . . . 



Inspector Rifle Practice, rank First Lieut. 
Walton, Albert J., 



Chaplain. 
(Vacancy.) 



Captains. 
Perrins, John, Jr., 
Monahan, John J., 
Proctor, George, . 



r First Lieutenants. 

Kelley, William H., . 
Keyes, Edward H., . . 
Hitchcock, Frank T., . 



Second Lieutenants. 
Coburn, Eugene A., 
Shaw, Elisha H., . 
Havlin, Fred. G., . 



Dec. 21, 1897, 
Mar. 30, 1900, 
May 19, 1899, 
Aug. 13, 1894, 
May 31,1900, 



Jan. 7, 1898, 



May 17, 1902, 



Jan. 5, 1898, 
April 3, 1900, 
Dec. 30, 1902, 



Feb. 7, 1900, 
April 3, 1900, 
Dec. 30, 1902, 



Feb. 7, 1900, 
April 3, 1900, 
Dec. 30, 1902, 



F, 



D, 
F, 

A, 



F, 
A, 



D, 
F, 
A, 



1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 



Unattached. 



1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 
Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 
Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 



1st Battalion. 
Unattached. 
1st Battalion. 



1903.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



195 



Field and Staff Officers of Naval Brigade. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 


Commission. 


Nov. 


5, 1900, 


July 


30, 1900, 
2, 1901, 


May- 


20, 1901, 


May 


5, 1902, 


May 


4, 1901, 


May 


20, 1901, 


Aug. 


30, 1900, 


July 


8, 1901, 


July 


22, 1901, 


May 


7, 1902, 


June 
July 


12, 1900, 
16, 1901, 



Co. 



Captain. 
Buffinton, George R. H., 



Lieutenant Commanders. 
Edgar, William B., 
Dillaway, James H., Jr., 



Brigade Adjutant, rank Lieutenant. 
Lincoln', Jonathan T., . 



Ordnance Officer, rank Lieutenant. 
Richards, John B., .... 



Equipment Officer, rank Lieutenant. 
Talbot, Herbert C, 



Paymaster, rank Lieutenant {Junior 
Grade). 
Marshall, James, 



Assistant Paymaster, rank Ensign. 
Prouty, Thomas S., . . 



Surgeon, rank Lieutenant Commander. 
Merritt, S. Virgil, 



Engineer, rank Lieutenant. 
Armstrong, Thomas R., 



Signal Officer, rank Lieutenant {Junior 
Grade) . 
Borden, Raymond D., . 



Assistant Surgeons, rank Lieutenants {Junior 
Grade) . 

Eldredge, David G., 

Blair, Orland R., 



Brigade. 



Brigade. 
Brigade. 



Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 

Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 

Brigade. 



Brigade. 
Brigade. 



196 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

i 
Line Officers of Naval Brigade. 





Date of 






NAME AND RANK. 


Commission. 


Co. 




Lieutenants, Chief of Division. 










Dexter, Jermess K., 


Mar. 


6, 1893, 


H, 


1st Battalion. 


Parker, Charles H., 


Aug. 


8, 1899, 


c, 


1st Battalion. 


Sughrue, Daniel H 


Sept. 


26, 1899, 


A, 


1st Battalion. 


Borden, Richard P., 


Nov. 


15, 1899, 


I, 


2d Battalion. 


Beattie, William H., 


June 


4, 1900, 


F, 


2d Battalion. 


Goodrid^e, Daniel M., 


July 


22, 1901, 


B, 


1st Battalion. 


Turnbull, Fred H., 


Oct. 


23, 1902, 


E, 


2d Battalion. 


Lieutenants {Junior Grade) . 










Baudoin, Edmund E., 


Mar. 


19, 1900, 


o, 


2d Battalion. 


Felton, Lewis E., 


Oct. 


23, 1901, 


c, 


1st Battalion. 


Olding, William M., 


May 


20, 1901, 


I, 


2d Battalion. 


French, Frederic H., 


Jan. 


29, 1902, 


B, 


1st Battalion. 


Dean, Milton I., 


May 


26, 1902, 


F, 


2d Battalion. 


Ensigns. 
Barr, Walter S., 


Mar. 


6, 1893, 


H, 


1st Battalion. 


Pierce, Bradford H., 


Feb. 


27, 1900, 


A, 


1st Battalion. 


Wilcox, Miner W., 


June 


14, 1901, 


I, 


2d Battalion. 


Lewis, William A., 


Feb. 


13, 1902, 


c, 


1st Battalion. 


Pray, Dudley M., 




19, 1902, 


B, 


1st Battalion. 


Nelson, John T., 


July 


21, 1902, 


F, 


2d Battalion. 


Cary, Arthur F., 


Oct. 


23, 1902, 


E, 


2d Battalion. 


Borria, Harold S., 


Nov. 


3, 1902, 


G, 


2d Battalion. 



Table No. 1. — Enrolled Militia of 1902, showing, by Counties, 
the Number of Persons betiveen the Ages of Eighteen and Forty- 
five Years liable to Military Duty. 



COUNTIES. 


1902. 


COUNTIES. 


1902. 


Barnstable, .... 


2,819 


Middlesex, .... 


104,587 


Berkshire, . . . ' . 


14,600 


Nantucket, .... 


364 


Bristol, 


38,979 


Norfolk, .... 


23,291 


Dukes, . 


469 


Plymouth, .... 


21,233 


Essex, 


60,326 


Suffolk, .... 


113,739 


Franklin, .... 


6,494 

25,009 

8,621 


Worcester, .... 
Total, .... 


52,747 


Hampden, .... 
Hampshire, .... 


473,278 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



197 



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198 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S EEPOET. 



[Jan . 



Table No. 3. — Locations of Headquarters of Brigades, Regiments, 
Battalions and Armories of Companies^ by Cities, Towns and 
Counties. 



Cut os Tows. Comrrr. 


Headqcartf.bs. 


+5 

s 

CO 

s 

eg 

*** 


Companies of 
i n fantry, 
Iloavy Ar- 
tillery and 
Naval Brl- 

Companies of 
Cavalry. 


>> 


• 1 c 

.- - 

I 1-3 

x < 


m 


Adams, . 


Berkshire, . 


'- 


2d, 


M, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


i 


Attleborough, . 


Bristol, 


- 


5th, 


I, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


l 


Beverly, 




Essex, 




8th, 


E, . 




- 


- 


- 


i 


Boston, 




Suffolk, 


1st Corps Cadets, 
1st Brigade, 


- 


A,B,C,D 


i - 


_ 


- 


- 


4 


it 




i< 


1st " 


- 


- 




- 


1st, 


- 


1 


11 




(t 


2d « 


- 


- 












<< 




IC 


2d " 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2d, 


1 


■2 


i< 




II 


IstRegt.H.Art., 


- i 
1 


A,C,D,G 
K,L, 


' \ - 


- 


- 


- 


6 


«< 




■• • 


5th Regiment, . 




A, H, 




- 


- 


- 


2 


it 




(« 


6th - 


6th, 


L, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


<( 




II 


9th " 


-I 


A,B,C,D 
E, H, L 


! - 


- 


- 


- 


: 


CI 




II 


1st Bat. Cavalry, 


- 


~ 


A,D, 


- 


- 


- 


2 


CI 




It 


- 


- 


- 


- 


A, 


- 


- 


l 


IC 




II 


Naval Brigade, . 


- 


A, B, C, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 


Brockton, 


Plymouth, . 


- 


1st. 


I, • 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Cambridge, 


Middlesex, . 


- 


1st, 


B, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


«< 


(i 


- 


5th, 


B, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


<i 


ii 


- 


8th, 


C, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Chelsea, . 


Suffolk, . 


- 


1st, 


H, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Clinton, . 


"Worcester,. 


- 


9th, 


K, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Concord, . 


Middlesex,. 


- 


6th, 


I, • 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Everett, . 


ii 


- 


8th, 


B, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Fall Paver, 


Bristol, 


- 


1st, 


M, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


(i •■ 


ii 


Naval Brigade, . 


- 


F,I, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


Fitchburg, 


Worcester,. 


- 


6th, 


B.D, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


Framingham, . 


Middlesex,. 


- 


6th, 


E, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Gloucester, 


Essex, 


- 


8th, 


G, • 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Greenfield, 


Franklin, . 


- 


2d, 


L, • 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Haverhill, 


Essex, 


- 


8th, 


F, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Hudson, . 


Middlesex,. 


- 


5th, 


M, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Holyoke, . 


Hampden, . 


- 


2d, 


D, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Lawrence, 


Essex, 


1st Bat. Lt. Art., 


- 


- 


- 


c, 


- 


- 


1 


IC 


ci 
1 


- 


8th, 


L, . 


- 


- 


- 




1 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



199 



Table No. 3 — Concluded. 



Citt or Town. 


County. 


Headquabters. 


S 

a 

5b 
a 


Companies of 
Infantry, 
Heavy Ar- 
tillery and 
Naval Bri- 
gade. 


o 

M . 

Si 
as as 


o 

>> 

08 is 

V ,2 


CO 

a 
t-i 
© 

« 

53 


o 

o 
C 
03 

— - 

So 

< 


"3 
o 
H 


Lawrence, 


Essex, 


- 


9th, 


F, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Lowell, . 


Middlesex,. 


- 


6th, 


C, G, M, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




• < 


ii 


- 


9th, 


M, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Lynn, 


Essex, 


- 


8th, 


D,I, E,* . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Maiden, . 


Middlesex,. 


- 


5th, 


L, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Marlborough, . 


<< 


- 


6th, 


F, . - 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Medford, . 


« 


- 


5th, 


E, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Milford, . 


Worcester,. 


- 


6th, 


M, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




New Bedford, . 


Bristol, 


- 


1st, 


E,G,t . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Northampton, . 


Hampshire, 


- 


2d, 


I, • • 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Newton, . 


Middlesex,. 


- 


5th, 


C, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Natick, 


<< 


- 


9th, 


L, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Orange, . 


Franklin, . 




2d, 


E, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Pittsfield, 


Berkshire, . 


- 


2d, 


F, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Plymouth, 


Plymouth, . 


- 


5th, 


D, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Salem, 


Essex, 


2d Corps Cadets, 


- 


A,B,C,D, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




<< 


ii 


8th Regiment, . 


8th, 


H, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Somerville, 


Middlesex,. 


- 


8th, 


M, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




<< 


«< 


- 


8th, 


K, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Southbridge, . 


Worcester,. 


- 


6th, 


K, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Springfield, 


Hampden, . 


2d Regiment, 


2d, 


- 












«< 


<< 


- 


2d, 


B,G,K,H,t 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Stoneham, 


Middlesex,. 


- 


6th, 


H, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Taunton, . 


Bristol, 


- 


1st, 


F, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Wakefield, 


Middlesex,. 


- 


6th, 


A, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




"Waltham, 


<( 


- 


5th, 


F, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Westford, 


<< 


- 


- 


- 


F,§ 


- 


- 


- 




Woburn, . 


<< 


- 


5th, 


O, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Worcester, 


Worcester,. 


- 


2d, 


A,C,H,K, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




«« 


(< 


- 


- 


- 


- 


B, 


- 


- 




(< 


<< 


- 


9th, 


O, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 





* Co. E, Naval Brigade. t Co. Q-, Naval Brigade. J Co. H, Naval Brigade. 

§ Detachment at Carlisle, Chelmsford and North Chelmsford. 



200 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Table No. 4. — Allowances, Armory Bents, 1902. 







Amount re- 




Citt ob Town. 


Organization. 


turned by 


Amount al- 






City or Town. 


lowed. 


Adams, . 


Co. M, Second Regiment Infantry, 


$900 00 


$400 00 


Attleborough, . 


I, Fifth Regiment Infantry (to 








Dec. 1), . . . . . 


720 00 


100 00 


Beverly, . 


E, Eighth Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


Boston, 




Headquarters First Brigade, 


200 00 


200 00 


(< 




" Second " 


945 00 


200 00 


<< 




" First Reg't Heavy Art., . 


200 00 


200 00 


a 




" Fifth Reg't Infantry, . 


200 00 


200 00 


a 




" Sixth " " 


200 00 


200 00 


a 




" Ninth " " 


200 00 


200 00 


a 




" First Battalion Cavalry, 


200 00 


200 00 


a 




Co. A, First Reg't Heavy Artillery, . 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




Q li a a a 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




T) li it it a 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




g' " " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




~PC it it it a 


400 00 


400 00 


tt 




L, " " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




A, Fifth " Infantry, 


1,200 00 


50 00 


a 




H, " " " . " . 


400 00 


_* 


a 




A, Ninth " " . . 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




B, " " " . 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




C, " <( . . 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




D, " " " (9mos.), 


300 00 


300 00 


k 




E, " " " . . 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




H, " " " . . 


400 00 


400 00 


it 




T a a a 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




L, Sixth " " . . 


1,325 00 


50 00 


(< 




Headquarters and four companies, First 










Corps Cadets, 


4,800 00 


1,800 00 


a 




Battery A, Light Artillery, . 


600 00 


600 00 


a 




Co. A, First Battalion Cavalry, . 


2,000 00 


600 00 


a 




D, " " " . 


1,200 00 


500 00 


a 




A, Naval Brigade, . . ... 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




B, " ■ " 


400 00 


400 00 


li 




O, .... 


400 00 


400 00 


a 




Signal Corps, First Brigade, 


200 00 


200 00 


tt 




" " Second " . . . 


200 00 


200 00 


a 




Ambulance Corps, .... 


300 00 


300 00 


Brockton, 


Co. I, First Reg't Heavy Artillery, . 


1,000 00 


_* 


Braintree, 


K, Fifth Reg't Inf. (6 months), . 


300 00 


150 00 


Cambridge, 


B, First Reg't Heavy Artillery, . 


300 00 


300 00 


a 


B, Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


C, Eighth " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Carlisle, . 


Detachment F, Cavalry, 


• 150 00 


75 00 


Chelmsford, 


" F, " . 


300 00 


300 00 


Chelsea, . 


Co. H, First Reg't Heavy Artillery, . 


797 53 


400 00 


Concord, . 


I, Sixth Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


Clinton, . 


K, Ninth " 


400 00 


400 00 


Everett, . 


B, Eighth " 


500 00 


400 00 


Fall River, 


Headquarters Naval Brigade, 


200 00 


200 00 


a it 


Co. F, Naval Brigade, .... 


400 00 


400 00 


a a 


I, " •«...;;. 


400 00 


400 00 


it ti 


M, First Reg't Heavy Artillery, . 


600 00 


400 00 


Fitchburg, 


B, Sixth Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


i< 


D, " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Framingham, . 


E, " " " 


700 00 


200 00 


Greenfield, 


L.' Second " " 


460 00 


400 00 


Gloucester, 


G, Eighth " " 


1,000 00 


200 00 


Haverhill, 


F, " 


680 00 


400 00 


Hudson, 




M, Fifth " 


400 00 


400 00 



* Captain recommends nothing. 



1903.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



201 



Table No. 4 — Concluded. 







Amount re- 




Citt or Town. 


Organization. 


turned by 


Amount al- 






City or Town. 


lowed. 


Holyoke, . 


Co. D, Second Regiment Infantry, 


$400 00 


$200 00 


Lawrence, 


Headquarters First Battalion Lt. Art., 


200 00 


200 00 


(4 


Battery C, " " " " 


600 00 


600 00 


(( 


Co. F, Ninth Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


it 


L, Eighth " " 


400 00 


400 00 


Lowell, 


C, Sixth " " 




400 00 


400 00 


(i 


G, " " " 




400 00 


400 00 


a 


M, Ninth " " 




400 00 


400 00 


Lynn, 


D, Eighth " " 




400 00 


400 00 


u 






400 00 


400 00 


<< 


E, Naval Brigade, . 




400 00 


400 00 


Marlborough, . 


F, Sixth Regiment Infantry, 




400 00 


300 00 


Maiden, . 


L, Fifth " " 




400 00 


400 00 


Medford, . 


E, " " " 




250 00 


250 00 


Milford, . 


M, Sixth " " 




500 00 


400 00 


New Bedford, . 


E, First Regiment Heavy Art., 


800 00 


400 00 


it a 


G, Naval Brigade, .... 


800 00 


200 00 


Northampton, . 


I, Second Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


Newburyport, . 


A, Eighth " " (4mos.), 


400 00 


100 00 


Newton, . 


C, Fifth " " . . 


400 00 


400 00 


Natick, 


L, Ninth " " 




400 00 


200 00 


Orange, . 


E, Second " " 




400 00 


400 00 


Pittsfield, . 


~p a a a 




500 00 


400 00 


Plymouth, 


D, Fifth " " 




800 00 


150 00 


Salem, 


Hdqrs. Eighth Regiment Infantry, 
Co. H, " " " 


I 1,000 00 


200 00 


a 


Hdqrs. and four companies, Second 






Corps Cadets, 


2,000 00 


1,500 00 


Stoneham, 


Co. H, Sixth Regiment Infantry, 


600 00 


400 00 


Somerville, 


K, Eighth Reg't Infantry (9 mos.), 


300 00 


300 00 


a 


M, " " " . . 


400 00 


400 00 


Springfield, 


Hdqrs. Second Regiment Infantry, 


200 00 


200 00 


a 


Co. B, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


G, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


K, " " 


400 00 


400 00 


tt 


H, Naval Brigade, .... 


400 00 


400 00 


Southbridge, . 


K, Sixth Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


Taunton, . 


F, First Regiment Heavy Art., 


400 00 


400 00 


Wakefield, 


A, Sixth Regiment Infantry, 


600 00 


400 00 


Waltham, 


F, Fifth " " 


1,125 00 


400 00 


Westford, 


Detachment F, Cavalry,, 


175 00 


175 00 


Woburn, . 


Co. G, Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 


400 00 


300 00 


Worcester, 


Battery B, First Battalion Light Art., . 


600 00 


600 00 


a 


Co. A, Second Regiment Infantry, 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


C, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


H, " " " 


400 00 


400 00 


a 


G, Ninth " «< 


400 00 


400 00 








$55,527 53 


$37,000 00 



Approved : 



W. MURRAY CRANE, Governor. 



1903- 



GOVEKNOK AND STAFF 



Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 
His Excellency JOHN L. BATES, of Boston. 

Adjutant General. 
Brig. Gen. SAMUEL DALTON, of Boston. 

Assistant Adjutant General. 
Lt. Col. WILLIAM CURTIS CAPELLE, of Boston. 

Inspector General. 
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM H. BRIGHAM, of Hudson. 

Inspector General of Rifle Practice. 
Col. JAMES G. WHITE, of Newton. 

Assistant Inspectors General. 

Lt. Col. GEORGE H. BENYON, of Watertown. 

Lt. Col. WALTER C HAGAR, of Boston. 

Lt. Col. EDWARD H. GIHON, of Wakefield. 

Lt. Col. JOHN PERRINS, Jr., of Boston. 

Lt. Col. FREDERICK B. CARPENTER, of Boston. 

Lt. Col. PAUL R. HAWKINS, of Springfield. 

Surgeon General. 
Brig. Gen. ROBERT A. BLOOD .of Boston. 

Judge Advocate General. 
Brig. Gen. HENRY S. DEWEY, ....... of Boston. 

Commissary General. 
Brig. Gen. FRED. W. WELLINGTON of Worcester. 

Assistant Quartermaster General. 
Maj. FRANK B. STEVENS, of Newton. 

Aides-de-Camp. 

Maj. HENRY HASTINGS, of Boston. 

Maj. CHARLES HAYDEN, of Nahant, 

Maj. AINSLEY R. HOOPER, of Boston. 

Maj. WILLIAM M. CLARKE of Boston. 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Report of the Adjutant General, 2-8 

Report of the Inspector General, . 9-31 

Report of the Surgeon General, . . 32-36 

Report of the Commissary General, 37, 38 

Report of the Judge Advocate General, 39 

Report of the Board of Military Examiners, 40 

Report of the Inspector General of Rifle Practice, * 41-52 

Joint Manoeuvres at Fort Riley, 53-60 

Report of the Quartermaster General, 7 

Reports of Commanding Officers M.V. M., 61-85 

Appendix : — 

Officers M.V. M., retired, . . 89-93 

Casualties (Officers), M.V. M., . . 94-98 

Discharge and Loss (Enlisted Men), 99 

Register M.V. M., 100-183 

Roster M.V. M., 184-196 

Table No. 1, Enrolled Militia, 196 

Table No. 2, Organization, M. V. M., 197 

Table No. 3, Location of Headquarters and Armories, 198,199 

Table No. 4, Armory Rent Roll, •. .200,201 

Governor and Staff, 1903, . . . .202 



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